MATERIAL HANDLING

PMaterìaI handIìng 8 the funct4n 4f
m4;ng the rght materaI t4 the rght
pIace n the rght tme, n the rght
am4unt, n 8equence, and n the rght
c4ndt4n t4 mnme pr4duct4n c48t.
PThe prmary g4aI 8 t4 reduce unt c48t8
4f pr4duct4n
P Mantan 4r mpr4;e pr4duct quaIty, reduce damage 4f materaI8
P !r4m4te 8afety and mpr4;e w4rkng c4ndt4n8
P !r4m4te pr4duct;ty
· materaI 8h4uId fI4w n a 8traght Ine
· u8e gra;ty! It 8 free p4wer
· m4;e m4re materaI at 4ne tme
· mechane materaI handIng
· aut4mate materaI handIng
P !r4m4te ncrea8ed u8e 4f facIte8
P Reduce tare weght (dead weght)
P C4ntr4I n;ent4ry
PMateraI handIng equpment ncIude8
· Tzanspozt EquIpnent ndu8traI truck8,
Aut4mated Guded ;ehcIe8 (AGV8), m4n4raI8,
c4n;ey4r8, crane8 and h48t8.
· $tozage $ystens buIk 8t4rage, rack 8y8tem8,
8heI;ng and bn8, drawer 8t4rage, aut4mated
8t4rage 8y8tem8.
· 0nItIzIng EquIpnent paIIeter8
· IdentIIIcatIon and TzackIng systens
. MateraI Character8tc8
Category Measures
Physical state
Size
Weight
Shape
Condition
SaIety risk and risk oI
damage
Solid, liquid, or gas
Volume; length, width, height
Weight per piece, weight per unit volume
Long and Ilat, round, square, etc.
Hot, cold, wet, etc.
Explosive, Ilammable, toxic; Iragile, etc.
. FI4w rate
Manual handling
Hand trucks
Powered trucks
Unit load AGV
Conveyors Conveyors
AGV train
High
Low
Long Short Move Distance
Quantity of
material
moved
. !Iant Lay4ut
Layout Type Characteristics Typical MH Equipment
Fixed position
Process
Product
Large product size, low
production rate
Variation in product and
processing, low and medium
production rates
Limited product variety, high
production rate
Cranes, hoists, industrial trucks
Hand trucks, IorkliIt trucks,
AGVs
Conveyors Ior product Ilow,
trucks to deliver components to
stations.
. The !Iannng !rncpIe
· Large-8caIe materaI handIng pr4ect8 u8uaIIy
requre a team appr4ach.
· MateraI handIng pIannng c4n8der8 e;ery
m4;e, e;ery 8t4rage need, and any deIay n
4rder t4 mnme pr4duct4n c48t8.
· The pIan 8h4uId refIect the 8trategc 4bect;e8
4f the 4rganat4n a8 weII a8 the m4re
mmedate need8.
. The 8y8tem8 prncpIe MH and 8t4rage
act;te8 8h4uId be fuIIy ntegrated t4 f4rm a
c44rdnated, 4perat4naI 8y8tem that 8pan8 rece;ng,
n8pect4n, 8t4rage, pr4duct4n, a88embIy, ., 8hppng,
and the handIng 4f return8.
· Inf4rmat4n fI4w and phy8caI materaI fI4w
8h4uId be ntegrated and treated a8 c4ncurrent
act;te8.
· Meth4d8 8h4uId be pr4;ded f4r ea8Iy
dentfyng materaI8 and pr4duct8, f4r
determnng ther I4cat4n and 8tatu8 wthn
facIte8 and wthn the 8uppIy chan.
. 8mpIfcat4n prncpIe
· 8mpIfy handIng by reducng, eImnatng, 4r
c4mbnng unnece88ary m4;ement and/4r
equpment.
· F4ur que8t4n8 t4 a8k t4 8mpIfy any 4b
N Can th8 4b be eImnated?
N If we can't eImnate, can we c4mbne m4;ement8
t4 reduce c48t? (unt I4ad c4ncept)
N If we can't eImnate 4r c4mbne, can we rearrange
the 4perat4n8 t4 reduce the tra;eI d8tance?
N If we can't d4 any 4f the ab4;e, can we 8mpIfy?
. Gra;ty prncpIe
· UtIe gra;ty t4 m4;e materaI whene;er
practcaI.
5. 8pace utIat4n prncpIe
· The better we u8e 4ur buIdng cube, the Ie88
8pace we need t4 buy 4r rent.
· Rack8, meanne8, and 4;erhead c4n;ey4r8
are a few exampIe8 that pr4m4te th8 g4aI.
. Unt I4ad prncpIe
· Unt I4ad8 8h4uId be appr4prateIy 8ed and
c4nfgured at each 8tage 4f the 8uppIy chan.
· The m48t c4mm4n unt I4ad 8 the paIIet
N cardb4ard paIIet8
N pIa8tc paIIet8
N w44den paIIet8
N 8teeI 8kd8
· pp -
. Aut4mat4n prncpIe
· MH 4perat4n8 8h4uId be mechaned and/4r
aut4mated where fea8bIe t4 mpr4;e
4perat4naI effcency, ncrea8e
re8p4n8;ene88, mpr4;e c4n88tency and
predctabIty, decrea8e 4peratng c48t8.
· A8R8 8 a perfect exampIe.
. Equpment 8eIect4n prncpIe
· Why? What? Where? When? H4w? Wh4?
· If we an8wer the8e que8t4n8 ab4ut each
m4;e, the 84Iut4n wII bec4me e;dent.
· L44k at pp -.
. The 8tandardat4n prncpIe
· 8tandarde handIng meth4d8 a8 weII a8 type8
and 8e8 4f handIng equpment
· t44 many 8e8 and brand8 4f equpment re8uIt8
n hgher 4perat4naI c48t.
· A fewer 8e8 4f cart4n wII 8mpIfy the 8t4rage.
. The dead weght prncpIe
· Try t4 reduce the rat4 4f equpment weght t4 pr4duct
weght. D4n't buy equpment that 8 bgger than
nece88ary.
· Reduce tare weght and 8a;e m4ney.
. The mantenance prncpIe
· !Ian f4r pre;ent;e mantenance and 8cheduIed repar8
4f aII handIng equpment.
· !aIIet8 and 8t4rage facIte8 need repar t44.
. The capacty prncpIe
· u8e handIng equpment t4 heIp ache;e de8red
pr4duct4n capacty
· .e. materaI handIng equpment can heIp t4 maxme
pr4duct4n equpment utIat4n.

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