MUD LOGGING DEFINITION, THEORY & LAG CALCULATIONS

The mud logging unit is the information center on the rig site to serve both exploration and drilling.. and makes observations of. . drilling fluids and drilling parameters in order to formulate and display concepts of the optional. drilled rocks. in situ characteristics of formations rocks with the primary goal of delineating hydrocarbon ³shows´ worthy of testing. .Mud logging is a service that qualitatively and quantitatively obtains data from.

Comprehensive formation evaluation.General Purposes .Optimized drilling efficiency.Improved well site safety.  . . .

the hydrocarbon & some non  hydrocarbone gas monitoring while drilling.Role played by Mud Logging Unit the collection of the rock cuttings which is  geologically described. examined for any oil shows and then packed. . the monitoring of the drill fluid volume and  to immediately inform the personnel in charge about any change in that volume confirming with the driller about any drilling  breaks.

acquisition of the data and producing a final well report. the monitoring of the drilling parameters & . .the generation of mud logs and graphs . the hydraulics optimization and the well control. monitoring the trips and updating a trip .3 sheet at a five-stand basis the detection and evaluation of the .4 formation pressure.2 informing the personnel in charge about any anomalies.1 during the drilling of the well.

.The mud logging unit is considered the information centre of the rig site as the unit participates in the monitoring of each and every rig operation.

All panel calibrations are done manually.Mud Logging Off-line service features The off line mud logging unit includes a number of separate panels. On-line mud logging units. There is no communication between these panels. Each panel works independently and is responsible for measuring a definite parameter.TYPES OF MUD LOGGING UNITS Off-line mud logging units. A. . No automatic calculations can be done and no data storage.

High speed data processing (possible data transmission) .e best accuracy.Random errors minimized. .Mud Logging On-line service features 1-Minimum human interference: .Better presentation of data & On time decision making.Fully computerized service: . i.More time for interpretation & More time for monitoring. . 2.TYPES OF MUD LOGGING UNITS B.

Safety equipment & Efficient warning system.Minimum systematic errors & Minimum down time.Best possible equipment design: . . 4.Intrinsic safety: .Safety environment .B.Maximum possible accuracy. .Mud Logging On-line service features (continue) 3.

Mud Logger. The Unit captain is the senior mud logging engineer on the location.DUTIES & RESPONSIBILITIES Mud Logging Unit Captain. its equipment and personnel to the client. management and provision of service by the logging unit. . He has primary responsibility for the maintenance. He is responsible for the maintenance and correct operation of the equipment. He is responsible for the collation and presentation of the information monitored in accordance with company standard procedures and customer requirements to ensure a high quality service.

The mud is sucked from the pits (Active Pit) and pumped via the drilling string down to the hole bottom.The Mud Logging Theory & Lag Calculations Theory: The mud logging theory is based on the mud cycle principal. The time necessary to get the drilled samples to the surface is exactly the time required to pump the mud volume through this passage. The mud is then bumped against gravity through the annulus up to the shakers. This is calculated and is known as Lag time or lag strokes .

The time taken between the bottom of the hole  to the surface is called ´lag-up³ or ³bottoms¶up´. The surface to surface time is called ³Complete  cycle´ or In/Out time.Lag  Lag Deinitions: Lag time is the time the mud takes to travel  inside the hole between two specified depth points. The time taken between the surface to the  bottom of the hole is called ´lag down³or³Lag in´. .

Lag Lag Equations: Converting Barrels Gallons: Gallons (gal) = Barrels Î 42 Converting Gallons Barrels: Barrels (bbl) = Gallons ¸ 42 Calculating Pipe Volume: Pipe. Volume (bbl) ! 2 (Pipe / Collar ID ) v Length(ft) 1029 .

Calculating Lag in Strks Lag  in strokes ! Annular Volume (bbl) Pump Output (bbl / stk ) . Volume (bbl) ! 1029 2 2  Pipe / Collar OD ) v Length(ft) D. Calculating Annular volume (Hole / Casing ID Ann.C.

Lag Equations Calculating lag in minutes: Lag  in min utes! Lag  instrokes Pump Rate( spm ) .

281 Converting Cu.33 .Lag Equations Converting Meter Foot: Feet (ft) = Meter x 3. in Converting g/cc ppg: ppg = g/cc x 8. in Barrels: Barrel (bbl) =9702 cu.

. Subtract 1 from 2 The resulting number of strokes is the actual lag time.Lag Equations Lag Correction: The number of strokes from the surface to the bit inside the pipe. From this it is possible to estimate the amount of washout in the hole. The total number of strokes from starting up the pump until the gas arrives at the surface.

Sign up to vote on this title
UsefulNot useful