Effect of Indigenous Microorganisms (IMO) in the growth and yield performance of Tomato (Lycopersicon esculentum

)

BACKGROUND OF THE STUDY

In the field of agriculture, farming is an stable agricultural process for most nations.

Fertilizers played an important role in the production of good quality of crops.

Production of tomato in the Philippines was very large.

Statement of the Problem
Generally, this study aimed to determine the effect of Indigenous Microorganisms in the growth and yield performance of tomato (Lycopersicon esculentum). To be specific, this study sought out answers to the following questions: 1. Are there improvements in tomato production using IMO in terms of: a. Plant growth b. total number of fruits in each treatment c. total weight of plants in each treatment 2. Are there any significant differences among the treatments in terms of: a. Plant growth b. total number of fruits in each treatment c. total weight of plants in each treatment 3. Is IMO comparable to the commercial inorganic fertilizer in terms of expense?

Hypotheses
1.There are improvements in tomato production using IMO in terms of : a. Plant growth b. total number of fruits in each treatment c. total weight of plants in each treatment 2. There are no significant differences among the treatments in terms of : a. Plant growth b. total number of fruits in each treatment c. total weight of plants in each treatment 3. IMO is comparable to the commercial inorganic fertilizer in terms of expense.

Significance of the Study

Scope and Limitation
‡ Tomato variety; Rosanna at Fruits and Vegetables Seed Center ‡ Gabaldon, Science City of Muñoz, Nueva Ecija on August 2010- January 2011 ‡ 5 Treatments with Three replications
‡ Tandelum soil

Research Paradigm
Independent Variable Indigenous Microorganisms (IMO) DependentVariable Growth andYieldPerformance of Tomato (Lycopersicon esculentum)

Extraneous Variables Frequency of watering the plant Kind of soil where test plants will be planted Tomato variety (Rosanna) Environmental conditions Age of tomato seedlings at the beginning of the study

METHODOLOGY

IMO Collection

Fermentation and Preparation of IMO Concoction

Seedling Production

Greenhouse Construction

Transplanting

Application of IMO Concoction and Inorganic Fertilizer

Other Cultural Management Practices

Harvesting

Gathering of Data

Statistical Analysis
SIRICHAI STATISTICS 6
Analysis of Variance at 5% level of significance Duncan¶s Multiple Range Test (DMRT)

RESULTS AND DISCUSSION

Average growth of tomato plants
Date of Observation TREATMENTS T1 (control) T2 (30mL IMO concoction) T3 (40mL IMO concoction) T4 (50mL IMO concoction) T5 (inorganic fertilizers) Day 10 9.72b 8.91b 8.71b 9.10b 14.47a Day20 25.19ab 23b 20.62b 19.91b 30.24a Day 30 41.81 37.95 40 45.7 51.47

Total Number of Fruits harvested
TREATMENTS T1 (control) T2 (30mL IMO concoction) T3 (40mL IMO concoction) T4 (50mL IMO concoction) T5 (inorganic fertilizers) R1 2 4 3 6 3 R2 2 6 4 5 5 R3 1 5 7 5 8 Mean scores 1.67a 5.00a 4.67a 5.33a 5.33a

Total Weight of fruits harvested (in cm)
TREATMENTS T1 (control) T2 (30mL IMO concoction) T3 (40mL IMO concoction) T4 (50mL IMO concoction) T5 (inorganic fertilizers) R1 31 135 115 275 140 R2 33 167 152 235 178 R3 21 150 286 223 247 Mean scores 28.33c 150.67b 184.33ab 244.33a 188.33ab

Cost Analysis
IMO Concoction Inorganic Fertilizers Item Cost (peso)

Item

Cost (peso)

1 kg rice

25

Complete fertilizer Ammonium sulfate

15

1 kg brown sugar total

16

30

php41

php45

Conclusion

Based on the results obtained in the study, the researchers concluded that: 1. There are improvements in the use of IMO in the tomato production in terms of: a. plant growth b. total number of fruits in each treatment c. total weight of plants in each treatment 2. 2. a. There is no significant difference between the treatments on plant growth. b. There is no significant difference between the treatments on the number of fruits harvested per treatments. c. T1, T4 (50mL IMO concoction) and T2 (30mL IMO concoction) were significantly different in the weight of fruits produced. While T5 (inorganic fertilizers) and T3 (40mL IMO concoction) were comparable to T4 likewise toT2. 3.IMO is comparable to the commercial inorganic fertilizer in terms of expense.

Recommendation

It is suggested that a follow-up investigation be done with concern to the following recommendations:

Use of other test plants like eggplant and bell pepper should be used in the study Use of other mediums in cultivating indigenous microorganisms other than rice like vegetables Make plots for the plants to grow directly to the soil Application must be continuous until its time to harvest

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