BENFIN DHAS.B BA LAJI.R.V

. y THE POWERED ELECTRIC MOTOR CONVERTS THE ELECTRICAL ENERGY IN TO MECHANICAL ENERGY WHICH IS USED TO DRIVE THE SHAFT OF THE PUMP. OR COMPRESS FLUIDS.y PUMP IS A MACHINE THAT USES ENERGY TO RAISE. TRANSPORT.

HYDRAULIC PUMPS POSITIVE DISPLACEMENT PUMPS NON-POSITIVE DISPLACEMENT PUMPS .

POSITIVE DISPLACEMENT PUMPS ROTARY PUMPS RECIPROCATING PUMPS .

ROTARY PUMPS GEAR PUMPS VANE PUMPS .

NON-POSITIVE DISPLACEMENT PUMPS CENTRIFU GAL PUMPS AXIAL FLOW PUMPS RADIAL FLOW PUMPS .

The rotation of driver gear causes the follower to run . Each gear is mounted on a shaft which is supported on bearings in the end covers .EXTERNAL GEAR PUMPS: These type of gear pumps have two mating gears(driver & follower)that are turned in a closely fitted casing . .

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These are used in conditions where pressure is below 70bar. These pumps are also known as crescent pumps. but these are very efficient and produce less noise. . The gears rotating in same direction . with inner gear rotating at higher speed.yINTERNAL GEAR PUMPS: y The operation of this type of pump is similar to that of external type.

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These types of pump are used for pumping liquid . and air with low pressure and high flow rate. gas. The operation is quiet . three . or four lobes . That¶s why it is named as lobe pump .y In this the gear wheels are replaced by propellers of two . .

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Especially these pumps are employed where quiet operational is essential . . It is an axial flow . positive displacement type gear pump.y y Screw pumps are one of the most reliable pumps for hydraulic application .

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1874.y A rotary vane pump is a positivedisplacement pump that consists of vanes mounted to a rotor that rotates inside of a cavity. New Brunswick who patented it on June 16. It was invented by Charles C. y . In some cases these vanes can be variable length and/or tensioned to maintain contact with the walls as the pump rotates. Barnes of Sackville.

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y .A reciprocating pump is a positive displacement plunger pump. y Reciprocating pumps are used in High performance liquid chromatography (HPL). It is often used where relatively small quantity of liquid is to be handled and where delivery pressure is quite large.

The basic operation of piston pumps are very similar to that of the reciprocating engines . . There are two types of piston pumps they are as follows.In piston pumps the pumping action is affected by a piston that moves in a reciprocating cycle through a cylinder . (i) Axial Piston Pumps (ii) Radial Piston Pumps.

rotary shaft motion is converted to axial reciprocating motion which drives the piston .In the axial piston pump . mechanical . or pressure compensated controls . Most axial pumps are multi-piston design and check valves or port valves to direct liquid flow from inlet to discharge . Output can be controlled by manual . .

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In these pumps . As the cylinder block rotates . . the eccentricity of the cam causes an in-and-out or pumping motion of the pistons. the pistons move perpendicular to the shaft center line .The radial piston pump has a number of radial pistons (similar to the spokes of the wheel) in a cylinder block which revolves around a stationary eccentric cam .

‡ At the periphery of the pump impeller. The volute commonly has an increasing crosssectional area along its length so that as the liquid travels along the chamber. the liquid is directed into a volute.All centrifugal pumps use but one pumping principle in that the impeller rotates the liquid at high velocity. thereby building up a velocity head. its velocity is reduced. .

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. The pumps and their types are deeply discussed from the above slides .Thus the pump classification and pump performance is studied from the above lectures .

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QUERIES .

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THANK YOU MECH GUYZ .