Clinical Conference II (VCC511) HEMONCHOSIS IN SHEEP

Presenters: Arjun Chapagain,Roll no. 02 Aruna Shrestha, Roll no.03 Ashok subedi, Roll no.04 Lekh Nath Adhikari Roll no.14 Prafulla Regmi, Roll no.18 Prateema Acharya, Roll no.20 Sandeep Raj Karna, Roll.24 


Date:2066.11.21  Name of the owner: IAAS    

Livestock farm. Address:Rampur, Chitwan,Nepal Species: Sheep Age: 6 months Chief Complaints: Aneroxia since 15 days. Dullness,depression. mild diarrhoea

No deworming history since six months in the flock  Grazed in molasses pasture. No concentrate feeding.

Clinical Examination 
Mucous membane: Pale (anaemic)  Increased respiration and pulse rate.  Rough and dull wool  Fecal examination: egg of nematode

Tentative Diagnosis 

Fluid therapy Rintose 200 ml for 2 days  B complex Tribivet 2ml daily for three days  Deworming Algon 200 mg tab at haust. Died after 4days

Pale carcass.  Increase peritoneal fluid  Watery blood  Abomasum: Ulceration,

Innumerable amount of 15± 30 mm long round worms in which white ovaries that coil around the intestines which were filled with blood. It was easily recognized by its trademark ³barber pole´ coloration as Haemonchus contortus.

Interpretation and diagnosis
The presence of clinical symptoms as anaemia,oedema can relate to the conditions as  fascioliasis,  nutritional deficiency of copper and cobalt  Coccidiosis  Other parasitic infections causing diarrhoea. But correlation of all the symptoms, findings and presence of innumerable amount of Haemonchus contortus in abomasum helps us to diagnose it as Hemonchosis.

Haemonchus contortus, also known as red

stomach worm, wire worm or Barber's pole worm, is very common parasite and one the most pathogenic nematode of ruminants. Adult worms are attached to abomasal mucosa and feed on the blood. This parasite is responsible for anemia, bottle jaw, and death of infected sheep and goats, mainly during summer months in warm, humid climates (Burke, 2008)

Scientific classification  Kingdom: Animalia Phylum:Nemathelminthes Class:Nematoda Order:Strongylida Superfamily:Trichostrongylo idea Family: Trichostrongylidae Genus:Haemonchus Species:H. contortus (soulsby,1982)
Size :70-85, 41-48 micrometer

Difficult to control because 

Short, direct life cycle Prolific egg producer(5,000 eggs a day) Can go into ³hypobiotic´(arrest ed) state during winter to survive. Can survive on pasture for a long time.(Soulsby,198 2) 

PP 15 days

Pathogenicity and symptoms 
The nematode piercing the 


abomasum causes a number of significant complications in the infected sheep that can lead to death. The infected animals can display severe dehydration, diarrhea, unthrift appearance, lethargy, depressed low energy behavior, rough hair coat and uncoordinated movements. reduced growth and poor reproductive performance anemia Bottlejaw

A valuable, limited resource that must be managed properly 1) Benzimidazoles Fenbendazole(5-7.5mg/kg bwt), Albendazole(510mg/kg bwt), 2) Nicotinics Levamisole(7.5mg/kg bwt), Morantel(10 mg/kg bwt), 3) Macrolides Avermectins Ivermectin (1mg/5kg bwt), Doramectin (1mg/5kg bwt), Moxidectin. (Newest drug has ³Persistent activity)

Integrated Parasite Management (IPM)

Goal is not to create parasite-free animals. It is normal for sheep and goats to have parasites. Goal is to prevent clinical disease and production losses.  Fecal egg counts(Egg per gram)  Deworm when: >1,000 epg in spring, summer >2,000 epg in fall, winter  FAMACHA© and Selective Deworming A system to assess Haemonchus contortis infection in sheep and goats and the need for deworming individual animals ‡ Named for its originator: Dr. Francois ³Faffa´ MAlan CHArt

Burke, Joan,1990.Management of Barber pole Worm in Sheep and Goats in the Southern U.S. USDA, ARS, Dale Bumpers Small Farms Research Center, Booneville, AR. Retrieved from retrived on April 25, 2010. Schoenian Susan.1987. Sheep and Goat Specialist Western Maryland Research & Education Center. Soulsby, E J L(1982).Helminths Arthopods and protozoa of Domesticated animals.baillierie tindall publication.pp233


Dr.D.K.Singh Bishwobandhu Pokharel

Thank you

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