HSDPA Theory Course O2 July 2006

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© 2006 Nokia

O2 HSDPA Theory Course V2.ppt / 2006-07-05 /BeAs

Customer Confidential – Non Binding

Training modules
• Module 1 – About HSDPA • Module 2 – Air Interface • Module 3 – Effect of HSDPA Power on Throughput • Module 4 – Setting HSDPA Parameters • Module 5 – BTS • Module 6 – IUB • Module 7 – RNC

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© 2006 Nokia

O2 HSDPA Theory Course V2.ppt / 2006-07-05 /BeAs

Customer Confidential – Non Binding

Module 1 – About HSDPA
After the module the participant will be able to: • Explain what HSDPA is • Explain the benefits of HSDPA • Explain how HSDPA works on a high level

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© 2006 Nokia

O2 HSDPA Theory Course V2.ppt / 2006-07-05 /BeAs

Customer Confidential – Non Binding

transmission. NodeB. enhanced spectral efficiency • Better usage of the radio network HW • Increased revenues through more users and usage • Improved Iub efficiency • Large scale resource reuse: License. antennas 4 © 2006 Nokia O2 HSDPA Theory Course V2. Core NW. RNC.ppt / 2006-07-05 /BeAs Customer Confidential – Non Binding . sites (DL cell size).Operator Benefits • Improved packet data capacity of NW. feeders.

ppt / 2006-07-05 /BeAs Customer Confidential – Non Binding .User Benefits • Increased bit rates • Shorter service response times • Improved quality of end user experience • Better availability of services 5 © 2006 Nokia O2 HSDPA Theory Course V2.

4 Mbit/s per user • Backwards compatible with earlier 3GPP releases 6 © 2006 Nokia O2 HSDPA Theory Course V2.Introduction HSDPA = High Speed Downlink Packet Access • Part of 3GPP release 5 specifications • System of new physical channels for UTRAN • Downlink data rates up to 14.ppt / 2006-07-05 /BeAs Customer Confidential – Non Binding .

ppt / 2006-07-05 /BeAs Customer Confidential – Non Binding .HSDPA • HSDPA increases data capacity with the introduction of optimised features that are only available to packet data services • Why Downlink? • Data service is normally asymmetric in nature • Downlink demand for resources is normally higher than in the uplink 7 © 2006 Nokia O2 HSDPA Theory Course V2.

Introduction What’s New in HSDPA 1/2: • Fixed SF16 multicode transmission • Adaptive modulation and coding with QPSK and 16QAM • Shorter and static TTI length = 2 ms • NodeB based packet scheduling and H-ARQ retransmission • MAC-hs protocol in NodeB 8 © 2006 Nokia O2 HSDPA Theory Course V2.ppt / 2006-07-05 /BeAs Customer Confidential – Non Binding .

ppt / 2006-07-05 /BeAs Customer Confidential – Non Binding .Introduction Whats New in HSDPA 2/2: Parameter Peak data rate Improvement action Design features Allocate more resources Multicode transmission to one user Use excess link budget Improve retransmission Cell throughput Use wasted power Make the pipe bigger Improve retransmission Exploit multiuser diversity Round trip time Make smaller packets Retransmit faster Higher modulation (16QAM) Hybrid ARQ Adapt rate to power Higher modulation (16QAM) Hybrid ARQ Clever scheduling algorithm (optional) TTI reduction NodeB-based retransmission 9 © 2006 Nokia O2 HSDPA Theory Course V2.

ppt / 2006-07-05 /BeAs Customer Confidential – Non Binding .HSDPA Usage CS domain PS domain Conversational Streaming Interactive Background TM RLC UM RLC TM UM AM RLC RLC RLC AM RLC AM RLC DCH DCH DCH DCH DCH RACH/FACH DCH/HS-DSCH DCH/DCH RT traffic NRT traffic 10 © 2006 Nokia O2 HSDPA Theory Course V2.

ppt / 2006-07-05 /BeAs Core Network Customer Confidential – Non Binding .HSDPA General Functional Division UE RNC M MSC G W VLR IuCS IuCS GMSC Iub Iur HL R IuPS S IuPS G S N Cell Broadcast Centre G G S N Iub Iub Node B IuBC RNC RAN 11 © 2006 Nokia O2 HSDPA Theory Course V2.

QoS demands . TPC Data • Fast scheduling done directly by Node B (BTS) based on knowledge of: .UE's capability .UE's channel quality CQI .ppt / 2006-07-05 /BeAs Customer Confidential – Non Binding .HSDPA General Principle L1 Feedback CQI.Power and code resource availability • HARQ retransmissions • Modulation/Coding selection UE Terminal 1 L1 Feedback Data UE Terminal 2 Users may be time and/or code multiplexed 12 © 2006 Nokia O2 HSDPA Theory Course V2. Ack/Nack.

HSDPA Protocol Model RLC MAC-d DCH RLC MAC-d DCH FP PHY TNL TNL Iub RNC DCH FP R99 PHY DPCH UE Uu NodeB R5 RLC MAC-d MAC-hs PHY UE HS-DSCH RLC MAC-d MAC-hs PHY NodeB HS-DSCH FP TNL Iub MAC-d flow HS-DSCH FP TNL RNC HS-PDSCH Uu 13 © 2006 Nokia O2 HSDPA Theory Course V2.ppt / 2006-07-05 /BeAs Customer Confidential – Non Binding .

ppt / 2006-07-05 /BeAs Customer Confidential – Non Binding . R5 Rel’99 DCH/DSCH RNC In previous RNC releases the retransmission has always occurred from the RNC RLC. Retransmission Packet Second Phase Retransmission First Phase Retransmission NodeB Packet RLC ACK/NACK L1 ACK/NACK 14 © 2006 Nokia O2 HSDPA Theory Course V2. Retransmission has been based on the RLC Sequence Numbers Rel’5 HS-DSCH Two phase retransmission concept First phase retransmission from BTS => HARQ Second phase retransmission from RNC if the first phase turned out to be unsuccessful.R99 vs.

TCP retransmissions RLC retransmissions • For TCP traffic additional retransmissions (TCP retransmissions) occur on the application level 15 © 2006 Nokia O2 HSDPA Theory Course V2.Retransmissions in HSDPA Server RNC Node-B MAC-hs retransmissions • HSDPA introduces L1 HUE ARQ as the first step retransmission along with the existing RLC ARQ.ppt / 2006-07-05 /BeAs Customer Confidential – Non Binding .

Uplink data • HS-PDSCH: High-Speed Physical Downlink Shared Channel (DL) • Actual HSDPA data for HS-DSCH transport channels • 1-15 codes per channel • QPSK or 16QAM modulation • HS-SCCH: High Speed Shared Control Channel (DL) • Informs the UE how and when to receive the HS-PDSCH • HS-DPCCH: High Speed Dedicated Physical Control Channel (UL) • MAC-hs ACK/NACK information • Channel Quality Information (CQI) Customer Confidential – Non Binding NodeB de a c oss A t i HCP D de a c oss A t i HCP D .ppt / 2006-07-05 /BeAs HCCP D S H - .1 - UE 16 © 2006 Nokia O2 HSDPA Theory Course V2.Channels Allocated to One HSDPA User • Associated DPCH: Associated Dedicated Physical Channel (UL/DL) • 1 DPCH is required for each HSDPA UE • Signalling.S H x 51 1 HCS DP HCCS S H x 4 .

Hybrid-ARQ Parameters .toggled for a new transmission.1 H-RNTI mask H-RNTI mask • • • • • • CCS .Modulation Type – QPSK or 16QAM TBS .RV starts at zero NDI .New Data Indicator .HS-SCCH Information (DL) 2ms (after coding and puncturing) 1st subframe CCS 7bits MT 1 bit 2nd and 3rd subframe TBS 6 bits HAP 3 bits RV/CV 3 bits NDI 1 bit CRC 16 bits SF128.H-ARQ process number that the data belongs to RV/CV .Channelisation Code Set .ppt / 2006-07-05 /BeAs – High Speed Radio Network Temporary Identity.spreading factor codes and code offset MT .Redundancy or Constellation Version . Same if retransmission • H-RNTI O2 HSDPA Theory Course V2. –Identifies UE data Customer Confidential Non 17 © 2006 Nokia Binding meant for .Transport Block Size – size of transport block being sent to UE HAP .

HS-DPCCH Information (UL) 30 Bits H-ARQ 10 Bits CQI information for Downlink 20 Bits H-ARQ Ack/Nack Channel coder Channel coder Ack: All 1’s Nack: All 0’s 10 bits CQI value 0-30 5 bits CQI + Parity 20 Bits 18 © 2006 Nokia O2 HSDPA Theory Course V2.ppt / 2006-07-05 /BeAs Customer Confidential – Non Binding .

10ms P-CCPCH Broadcast DL Tx 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 3 slots = 2ms 2ms = 1 TTI 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 HS-SCCH DL Tx 1 TTI = 2ms HS-PDSCH DL Tx 2 slots Pkt 1 Pkt 2 Pkt 3 Pkt 4 Pkt 5 Propagation delay over the Air Interface HS-PDSCH Received at UE Pkt 1 Pkt 2 Pkt 3 Pkt 4 Pkt 5 HS-DPCCH UL Tx from UE 7.5 Slots = 5ms = 19200 chips Pkt 1 Ack/Nack 19 © 2006 Nokia O2 HSDPA Theory Course V2.ppt / 2006-07-05 /BeAs Customer Confidential – Non Binding .Timing Relationships.

• Buffer & Scheduler : Buffering of data.New NodeB HSDPA Functionality RNC Node B User Equipment HARQ & Coding ACK/NACK & Feedback Decoding Packets Flow Control Buffer & Schedul er 16QAM modul. Terminal scheduling.ppt / 2006-07-05 /BeAs Customer Confidential – Non Binding . Coding & Modulation selection – QPSK is still used and a new modulation type 16QAM introduced • HARQ. Retransmission Handling and coding • Uplink Feedback Decoding • Flow Control towards the SRNC 20 © 2006 Nokia O2 HSDPA Theory Course V2.

New UE HSDPA Functionality RNC Node B User equipment QPSK/16QA M demodulatio n ACK/NACK & Feedback generation HARQ decodin g Soft buffer & combinin g Packets Flow Control New terminal functions: • 16 QAM demodulation • HARQ decoding and Retransmissions Handling • Soft buffer & combining • Fast Uplink Feedback Generation & encoding 21 © 2006 Nokia O2 HSDPA Theory Course V2.ppt / 2006-07-05 /BeAs Customer Confidential – Non Binding .

2 Mbit/s 16QAM 4 bits / symbol 960 kbit/s / HSPDSCH max.ppt / 2006-07-05 /BeAs Customer Confidential – Non Binding . 14. 7.Modulation Q 1011 10 00 1001 Q 0001 0011 1010 1000 0000 0010 I 1110 11 01 1111 1101 0101 0111 1100 0100 0110 I QPSK 2 bits / symbol 480 kbit/s / HS-PDSCH max.4 Mbit/s 22 © 2006 Nokia O2 HSDPA Theory Course V2.

ppt / 2006-07-05 /BeAs Customer Confidential – Non Binding .Adaptive Modulation UE k l lin na n sig ow I k D CQ bac nlink 1) 2) ed ow Fe d D te ap d )A 4 ( al ign s ) CH I CP 3) Adjust modulation scheme according to feedback received from the UE Node B Good radio conditions use higher order modulation Increased throughpu 23 © 2006 Nokia O2 HSDPA Theory Course V2.

Hybrid ARQ (HARQ) • Hybrid ARQ is an implicit link adaptation technique using adaptive modulation techniques • Adaptive Modulation uses C/I or similar measurements to set the modulation scheme • Physical layer acknowledgements are used to make retransmission decisions 1/7 • Hybrid ARQ adapts independently to the instantaneous channel conditions 24 © 2006 Nokia O2 HSDPA Theory Course V2.ppt / 2006-07-05 /BeAs Customer Confidential – Non Binding .

Hybrid ARQ (HARQ) 2/7 • Adaptive modulation (QPSK or 16QAM) provides coarse data rate selection • Hybrid ARQ provides fine data rate adjustment based on the channel conditions (codes and TBS) • HARQ is implemented in the UE by using Chase Combining or Incremental Redundancy 25 © 2006 Nokia O2 HSDPA Theory Course V2.ppt / 2006-07-05 /BeAs Customer Confidential – Non Binding .

Hybrid ARQ (HARQ) 3/7 P2 P4 P2 P1 Ack P4 Ack P3 P3 Nack P2 P5 Ack P1 Ack P2 • Ack P5 Node B There is a delay of 7.5 slots or 2.5 TTI’s between the UE receiving the data packet and the Ack/Nack response message from the UE 26 © 2006 Nokia O2 HSDPA Theory Course V2.ppt / 2006-07-05 /BeAs Customer Confidential – Non Binding .

ppt / 2006-07-05 /BeAs Customer Confidential – Non Binding .Turbo Coding 1:2 bits in Convolutional coder S P1 P u n c t u r i n g 3:2 Turbo Coding Rate = 1:3 S P1 P2 4/7 1:1 Turbo interleaving 1:2 Convolutional coder S1 P2 Turbo Coding is best suited to delay tolerant non real time applications 27 © 2006 Nokia O2 HSDPA Theory Course V2.

ppt / 2006-07-05 /BeAs Customer Confidential – Non Binding . Data to be transmitte d 5/7 Turbo Encoder System bits Parity 1 Parity 2 Parity bits are added Rate Matching (Puncturing) System bits Parity 1 Parity 2 Data is rate matched 3:4 (3 System bits plus 1 parity bit) 28 © 2006 Nokia O2 HSDPA Theory Course V2.Rate Matching • Turbo encoder coding rate = 1/3. RM punctures into rate 3/4. • In the example. • Rate Matching is used to adapt to the desired coding rate either by using puncturing or repetition.

Hybrid ARQ (HARQ): Chase Combining
Turbo Encoding of data
System bits Parity 1 Parity 2

6/7

Rate Matching (Puncturing)
System bits Parity 1 Parity 2

Original transmission

Retransmission

Chase Combining at Receiver (info retained in mobile receive buffers)
System bits Parity 1 Parity 2

Retransmitted data is exactly the same as The original transmission

• Note: Recovery of the system bits is more important than the parity bits as system bits are the user data
29 © 2006 Nokia

Recovered Data
System bits Parity 1 Parity 2

System bits recovered successfully

O2 HSDPA Theory Course V2.ppt / 2006-07-05 /BeAs

Customer Confidential – Non Binding

Hybrid ARQ (HARQ): Incremental Redundancy Turbo Encoder
System bits Parity 1 Parity 2

7/7

Rate Matching (Puncturing)
System bits Parity 1 Parity 2

Original transmission

Retransmission

Incremental Redundancy Combining at Receiver (info retained in mobile receive buffers)
System bits Parity 1 Parity 2

• Note: Recovery of the system bits is more important than the parity bits as system bits are the user data
30 © 2006 Nokia

Recovered Data
System bits Parity 1 Parity 2

System bits recovered successfully

O2 HSDPA Theory Course V2.ppt / 2006-07-05 /BeAs

Customer Confidential – Non Binding

Link Adaptation and Power Control
• HS-DSCH link adaptation has two loops
• A) Inner loop based on CQI reports from UE (NodeB – UE) • B) Outer loop in Node-B to control the BLER of the inner loop (RNC – UE)

• HS-SCCH power control has two loops
• A) Inner loop based on the fast power control commands from UE (NodeB – UE) • B) Outer loop in Node-B to control the BLER of the inner loop (RNC – UE)

• These algorithms are not standardized

HS-DSCH link adaptation

HS-SCCH power control

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© 2006 Nokia

O2 HSDPA Theory Course V2.ppt / 2006-07-05 /BeAs

Customer Confidential – Non Binding

Downlink HSDPA Code Allocations SF=1 SF=2 SF=4 SF=8 SF=16 SF=32 SF=64 SF=128 SF=256 CPICH P-CCPCH S-CCPCH S-CCPCH HS-SCCH HS-PDSCH Legend: Free code that can be allocated to e.g.SF16.. HS-PDSCH (SF16) or HSSCCH (SF128). DPCH.ppt / 2006-07-05 /BeAs Customer Confidential – Non Binding .1 HS-PDSCH code resources are assigned to one user at a time © 2006 Nokia O2 HSDPA Theory Course V2.15 (3GPP) SF 128 assigned to the HS-SCCH (3GPP) Maximum of 5 codes/user is supported in RAS05/RN2.. Code reserved for a common channel. Code that cannot be allocated due to allocations lower in the code-tree / branch.1. • • • • 32 15 Codes assigned to the HS-PDSCH’s from SF16.

UMTS - 3GPP R99
Maximum Allowed Transmit Power = PtxTarget Transmit Power Unused/Available Power

Power Controlled User Traffic Channels

Overhead Channels Time
33 © 2006 Nokia O2 HSDPA Theory Course V2.ppt / 2006-07-05 /BeAs

Customer Confidential – Non Binding

HSDPA – 3GPP R5
Transmit Power Maximum Allowed Transmit Power = PtxTarget Unused Power available for HSDPA use

Not all this unused power will be used for HSDPA. The power that may be used is operator configurable

Power Controlled User Traffic Channels

Overhead Channels Time
Customer Confidential – Non Binding

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© 2006 Nokia

O2 HSDPA Theory Course V2.ppt / 2006-07-05 /BeAs

HSDPA (TDM Mode)
1-TTI 2ms

Transmit Power

2ms

Maximum AllowedTransmit Power = PtxTarget

UE-1 UE-2 UE-3 UE-4

UE-1 UE-3 UE-2 UE-1 UE-4

Power Controlled User Traffic Channels

Overhead Channels Time
Customer Confidential – Non Binding

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© 2006 Nokia

O2 HSDPA Theory Course V2.ppt / 2006-07-05 /BeAs

HSDPA (CDM Mode) 1-TTI 2ms Transmit Power 2ms Maximum AllowedTransmit Power = PtxTarget UE-1 UE-3 UE-1 UE-4 UE-2 UE-4 UE-2 UE-3 UE-1 UE-2 UE-4 UE-3 UE-2 UE-3 UE-1 UE-4 UE-3 UE-2 UE-1 UE-4 Power Controlled User Traffic Channels Overhead Channels Time Customer Confidential – Non Binding 36 © 2006 Nokia O2 HSDPA Theory Course V2.ppt / 2006-07-05 /BeAs .

not specific to Nokia implementation The scheduler schedules the information that will be sent from the Node B to the UE. What type of service is the subscriber allowed? High priority.Schedulers • • • Example . Normal. Best effort Uplink Feedback CQI and Ack/Nack information Node B buffer status How much data is in buffer How fast is the data arriving Scheduler Available Radio Resources Power Codes UE Capability See UE categories Users are scheduled according to the requirements for transmission by the Node B over the air interface 37 © 2006 Nokia O2 HSDPA Theory Course V2. Silver. Gold. The scheduler requires important information from the uplink HS-DPCCH and other sources Scheduler algorithm implementation is vendor specific User History How long has user been waiting Traffic Model What type of traffic model should be used .according to period of the day – Peak/Off Peak QoS and Subscriber Profile Who is the subscriber? Platinum.ppt / 2006-07-05 /BeAs Customer Confidential – Non Binding .

Round Robin Scheduler UE 1 Data Request UE 2 Data Request UE 3 data Request UE 4 Data Request UE 5 Data Request UE 6 Data Request NodeB Buffers UE 1 Data sent UE 2 Data sent UE 3 Data sent UE 4 Data sent UE 5 Data sent UE 6 Data sent UE 6 UE 5 UE 4 • Simplest form of scheduler • First in First out principle • Advantages: • Easy to implement • Minimises waiting time • Increases effective throughput • Disadvantage: UE3 UE 2 UE 1 NodeB Packet Scheduler 38 © 2006 Nokia O2 HSDPA Theory Course V2.ppt / 2006-07-05 /BeAs • Throughput not optimised therefore throughput is less than maximum Customer Confidential – Non possible Binding .

for the data in buffers is scheduled first • Users with best radio conditions are given preference • Advantages: • Easy to implement • Highest system throughput • Disadvantage: • Due to bad CQI (C/I) users may be starved of data UE 5 UE 2 UE 1 Data sent UE 2 Data sent UE 5 Data sent UE 6 Data sent UE1 UE 3 UE 4 NodeB Packet Scheduler In this example the users are assumed to have the same CQI values Customer Confidential – Non Binding 39 © 2006 Nokia O2 HSDPA Theory Course V2. Check CQI.8Mb UE 5 Requested Data Rate=30Kb UE 6 Requested Data Rate=16Kb NodeB Buffers UE 6 UE 4 Data sent UE 3 Data sent Check which user has requested highest data rate.5Mb UE 4 Requested Data Rate=1.Best Effort Scheduler UE 1 Requested Data Rate=1Mb UE 2 Requested Data Rate=64Kb UE 3 Requested Data Rate=1.ppt / 2006-07-05 /BeAs . Prioritise delivery accordingl y • Max requested data rate according to CQI.

Proportional Fair Resource Scheduler CQI information UE1 3 CQI information UE3 Method of Operation Scheduler calculates possible data rate according to CQI reports Moving average for each user calculated over a period of time.ppt / 2006-07-05 /BeAs Customer Confidential – Non Binding . Check history – allocate credits Combine with MA 2 1 CQI information UE2 • Increases system throughput by serving the user above their average data rate requested • Advantage: Higher throughput than round robin • Disadvantage: Very complex to design Compute new data rate UE1 PDR1 MA1 UE2 PDR2 MA2 UE3 PDR3 MA3 User with best ratio is scheduled first 40 © 2006 Nokia O2 HSDPA Theory Course V2.

Module 2 – Air Interface After the module the participant will be able to: • Explain the effect of power on HSDPA overall • Explain the relationship between the parameters PtxTargetHSDPA and PtxOffsetHSDPA • Explain HSDPA priority • Explain the initial bit rate for the HSDPA uplink • Explain HSDPA connection release • Explain SHO parameters in HSDPA 41 © 2006 Nokia O2 HSDPA Theory Course V2.ppt / 2006-07-05 /BeAs Customer Confidential – Non Binding .

The HSDPA Air Interface • In RAS05 the air interface does not have any direct impact on the dimensioning of the network elements • The air interface parameters will however have an impact on how the end user will experience the HSDPA service • There is no recommended set of parameters that should be used • The next few slides will try to highlight some options that could be considered and the end result to the user experience of HSDPA 42 © 2006 Nokia O2 HSDPA Theory Course V2.ppt / 2006-07-05 /BeAs Customer Confidential – Non Binding .

Transport Channel and Radio Bearer Configuration • HSDPA Resource Allocation • HSDPA with Additional RAB Initiation • Operability • HSDPA Local Management for PM • RNC Site • RNC HSDPA Node B Connectivity (288 NodeBs) • Telecom • Basic HSDPA with QPSK and 5 Codes • • • • • • • • 1 HS-SCCH. Data rates up to 1. 16 HSDPA users / NodeB. Link Adaptation. 128 or 384 kbit/s uplink.1)* • RRM • HSDPA Associated Uplink DPCH Scheduling • 64. Encoding. 1 HSDPA WSPC / NodeB. Incremental Redundancy. decoding. HARQ. 3 HSDPA cells / NodeB.ppt / 2006-07-05 /BeAs Customer Confidential – Non Binding .HSDPA Features in: RAS05 (RN2.8 Mbit/s • • • • HSDPA NodeB Packet Scheduler HSDPA Flow Control HSDPA RRC State Handling HSDPA Shared Control Channel Power Control * Feature list not yet frozen 43 © 2006 Nokia O2 HSDPA Theory Course V2. • Transport • HSDPA Transport with Best Effort AAL2 QoS • HSDPA Channel Switching • HSDPA Mobility Handling with DCH Switching • HSDPA Physical Channel. 5 HS-PDSCHs.

Call type is IA/BG service class. 4 2 non-HSDPA enabled Cell Sector ID = 1 Mobile is R5 mobile Supports HSDPA Resources are available.ppt / 2006-07-05 /BeAs Customer Confidential – Non Binding . Re-direct to non-HSDPA layer. Connection request 3 R99/R4 Mobile non HSDPA 1 Connection request R5 Mobile HSDPA capable 44 © 2006 Nokia O2 HSDPA Theory Course V2.Directed RRC Connection Setup for HSDPA: RAN964 HSDPA Enabled Cell Sector ID = 1 Mobile is R99/R4 mobile. Re-direct to HSDPA layer. Does not support HSDPA Resources are available.

HSDPA Flow Control: RAN871 RNC User data from RNC BTS Buffers 010101 110011 101010 101110 011001 001110 NodeB flow control monitors the NodeB buffers and measures the UE throughput for each queue 101111 000011 111011 001111 101001 010010 000001 111011 P a c k e t S c h e d u l e r NodeB algorithm calculates flow control credits and feeds back buffer status to the RNC 45 © 2006 Nokia O2 HSDPA Theory Course V2.ppt / 2006-07-05 /BeAs Customer Confidential – Non Binding .

ppt / 2006-07-05 /BeAs Customer Confidential – Non Binding .HSDPA Local Performance Management: RAN870 • The practical performance of the HSDPA solution can be monitored • Achieved using RNC and BTS element managers • HSDPA performance indicator data collected in the RNC and NodeB • HSDPA performance indicator data collected in the RNC can be reported to NetAct • NetAct support for HSDPA will be implemented on top of OSS4 with a change delivery 46 © 2006 Nokia O2 HSDPA Theory Course V2.

ppt / 2006-07-05 /BeAs .HSDPA Packet scheduler – Round Robin: RAN869 WBTS Sector 1 UE 1 Data UE 6 UE 2 Data UE 5 UE 4 UE 1 UE 5 UE 6 UE 3 data UE 4 Data UE3 UE 2 UE 1 UE 2 WBTS Sector 2 UE 3 UE 4 WBTS Sector 3 UE 5 Data UE 6 Data NodeB Buffers NodeB Packet Scheduler Customer Confidential – Non Binding 47 © 2006 Nokia O2 HSDPA Theory Course V2.

g.ppt / 2006-07-05 /BeAs .• Physical and Transport Channels have several parameters that need to be configured • Done on the fly by the system • Parameters are received from the RNC • The NodeB sets the radio parameters to correspond to the supported UE categories HSDPA Physical Channel. • Parameters such as HS-SCCH code are cell specific and implemented with recommended default values • The operator cannot adjust these parameters Customer Confidential – Non Binding 48 © 2006 Nokia O2 HSDPA Theory Course V2. Transport Channel and Radio Bearer Configuration: RAN822 • The parameters signalled to the UE using the RRC signalling and to the NodeB using NBAP signalling (3GPP defined) • Most of the parameters are static in all cells of the network e. CQI values etc. Ack/Nack parameters. Number of HARQ processes.

ppt / 2006-07-05 /BeAs Customer Confidential – Non Binding . RAS05 code use fixed to 5) • HS-SCCH code (RAS05 is fixed to 1) • Operators can define a separate power level threshold below which HSDPA can be allocated • Operators can define a separate power level threshold above which HSDPA resources should be released • HSDPA can be allocated a priority higher or lower than NRT on the DCH • New counters for the HSDPA power levels in each WCELL • New alarms “BTS WSPC for HSDPA is out of use” and “RNC DMPG for HSDPA is out of use” when the HSDPA service related to the BTS HSDPA or RNC HSDPA processing capacity is out of use 49 © 2006 Nokia O2 HSDPA Theory Course V2.HSDPA Resource Allocation: RAN821 1/3 • The code and power resources to be used for HSDPA are allocated to the NodeB by the RNC • HSDPA power allocation – cell specific (WCEL) parameters • HS-PDSCH codes (SF 16 is used.

HSDPA Resource Allocation: RAN821 Node-B Tx power Max power PtxNC ≤ PtxTarget HSDPA PtxNonHSDPA ≥ PtxTarget HSDPA + PtxOffsetHSDPA Ptxtotal Ptx_target PtxMaxHSDPA 2/3 Ptx_offset_HSDPA PtxnonHSDPA PtxNC Ptx_target_HSDPA PtxNonHSDPA ≥ PtxTargetHSDPA + PtxOffsetHSDPA HSDPAPriority = 1 HSDPA has priority Over DCHs A 50 © 2006 Nokia B O2 HSDPA Theory Course V2.ppt / 2006-07-05 /BeAs C Customer Confidential – Non Binding .

HSDPA Resource Allocation: RAN821 Node-B Tx power Max power PtxTotal ≤ PtxTarget HSDPA PtxNonHSDPA ≥ PtxTarget HSDPA + PtxOffsetHSDPA Ptxtotal Ptx_offset Ptx_target PtxMaxHSDPA 3/3 PtxNonHSDPA ≥ PtxTarget + PtxOffset Ptx_offset_HSDPA Ptx_target_HSDPA PtxnonHSDPA PtxNC HSDPAPriority = 2 DCHs have priority Over HSDPA B C Customer Confidential – Non Binding A 51 © 2006 Nokia O2 HSDPA Theory Course V2.ppt / 2006-07-05 /BeAs .

HSDPA with Additional RAB Initiation: RAN820 bit rate After HSDPA is suspended. DCH packet scheduling procedures can be applied -> if there is still enough data in the buffer a DCH is allocated HS-DSCH DCH VIDEO CALL ON DCH time • HSDPA is suspended when another RAB setup is initiated (e. Video call) • Multicall combinations on dedicated channels can be used Video call is initiated -> HSDPA is suspended Customer Confidential – Non Binding 52 © 2006 Nokia O2 HSDPA Theory Course V2.g.ppt / 2006-07-05 /BeAs .

ppt / 2006-07-05 /BeAs .HSDPA Shared Control Channel Power Control: RAN766 • The HS-SCCH power is adjusted according to the power level required at the UE • The HS-SCCH power is adjusted every TTI • This is based on the Ack/Nack/DTXs received from the UE on the UL HS-DPCCH • This reduces the average power overhead • Increases cell throughput gain by between 5 and 20% due to power not being wasted by transmitting a fixed power level • The HS-SCCH power levels in each WCELL can be followed up through new counters Customer Confidential – Non Binding 53 © 2006 Nokia O2 HSDPA Theory Course V2.

Basic HSDPA with QPSK and 5 Codes: RAN763 • Provides the basic HSDPA functionality • Allows 1.8 Mbps DL data rate over the air interface using QPSK modulation • Maximum number of 16 HSDPA users per NodeB • Maximum number of 5 HSDPA codes per user (SF16.ppt / 2006-07-05 /BeAs Customer Confidential – Non Binding .11 to SF16.15 ) • Maximum number of 5 HS-PDSCH codes per cell (SF16) • Maximum number of 1 HS-SCCH codes per cell (SF128) • 3 cells per NodeB can be enabled for HSDPA • RNC – DMCU/DMPG pooling NodeB – WSP-C • New counters for the number of QPSK capable UEs per WCELL • New alarm for HSDPA physical channel reconfiguration failures when the HSDPA service related to air interface is out of use 54 © 2006 Nokia O2 HSDPA Theory Course V2.

ppt / 2006-07-05 /BeAs Customer Confidential – Non Binding . WCEL Parameters Related to HSDPA 55 © 2006 Nokia O2 HSDPA Theory Course V2.HSDPA RRC State Handling: RAN246 • Necessary to enable state transitions from Cell_DCH to Cell_FACH state for HSDPA users • Feature provides efficient radio and DSP resource usage in the RAN • Helps to conserves UE battery power • HSDPA resources are more efficiently utilised as inactive HSDPA users are moved out of Cell_DCH state so that other users can use the resources • Timers and triggers to move the HSDPA users from Cell_DCH to Cell_PCH due to DL/UL inactivity or utilisation status are available to the operators. Please see addendum RNC. WBTS.

HSDPA Channel Switching: RAN235 2/2 • Determines whether a user in a cell is allocated to a HS-DSCH or not based on •UE capability •Cell resource availability •UE handover status •UE multi-RAB configuration • User inactivity determines how long to keep the HS-DSCH reserved for a specific user • Specific priority classes can be configured for NRT interactive so that HSDPA will not be used. failures can be followed up through new RAN Level KPIs and counters. 56 © 2006 Nokia O2 HSDPA Theory Course V2.ppt / 2006-07-05 /BeAs Customer Confidential – Non Binding . • Whether background class will be allocated HSDPA or not can be defined separately • HS-DSCH setup requests and setup success vs.

ppt / 2006-07-05 /BeAs .HSDPA Channel Switching: RAN235 PS channel type downlink selection 1/2 Selection between FACH and DCH or HS-DSCH Selection between DCH HS-DSCH Data transfer using FACH Data transfer using DCH Customer Confidential – Non Binding Data transfer using HS-DSCH 57 © 2006 Nokia O2 HSDPA Theory Course V2.

8 Mbps (DL) DCH 64. • HSDPAminAllowedBitrateUL – Min allowed bitrate when the bit rate is downgraded. 128 or 384 Kbps (UL) 58 © 2006 Nokia O2 HSDPA Theory Course V2.HSDPA Associated Uplink DPCH Scheduling: RAN233 • HSDPAinitialBitrateUL – Initial bit rate that will be allocated.ppt / 2006-07-05 /BeAs Customer Confidential – Non Binding . Must be equal to or smaller than HSDPAinitialBitrateUL HS-DSCH up to 1.

download using DCH X/Y. Active set>1 dropped. Scheduled User can be allocated A capacity request is received and DCHX/Y is data ends DCH HS-DSCH.HSDPA Mobility Handling with DCH Switching: RAN230 Scheduled data Data scheduled to continues to UE. New implement mobility allocated to support capacity request procedure and HO to data transfer Active set=1 DCH 0/0 allocate HS-DSCH HS-DSCH Service Area SHO Region HS-DSCH Service Area 59 © 2006 Nokia O2 HSDPA Theory Course V2. Active set=1 so UE is allocated DCH 0/0.ppt / 2006-07-05 /BeAs Customer Confidential – Non Binding .

HSDPA Mobility Handling with DCH Switching: RAN230 Cell_DCH 0/0 Capacity_reque st Cell_DCH X/Y low/no data rate Cell_FACH/P CH Capacity_reque st Active Set =1 Data scheduled to UE.ppt / 2006-07-05 /BeAs Customer Confidential – Non Binding . Active set=1 can be allocated HS-DSCH. Active set>1 implement mobility procedure and HO to DCH 0/0 Allocate HS-DSCH HS-DSCH Service Area SHO Region HS-DSCH Service Area 60 © 2006 Nokia O2 HSDPA Theory Course V2.

Mobility improvements in RAS05 • Change in RAS05 E5/pilot software • Available in pilot CD 3.0 (most likely) • Change in channel switching due to event 1a: • New functionality HS-DSCH => FACH =>HS-DSCH • Original functionality HS-DSCH => DCH0/0 => DCH_initial_bitrate 61 © 2006 Nokia O2 HSDPA Theory Course V2.ppt / 2006-07-05 /BeAs Customer Confidential – Non Binding .

upgrade to HS-DSCH will happen with <4 sec break 62 © 2006 Nokia O2 HSDPA Theory Course V2.ppt / 2006-07-05 /BeAs Customer Confidential – Non Binding . 2 dB stronger than source cell UE is reconfigured to DHC 0/0.g. then to initial bit rate and after that to maximum bit rate With HSDPA Resumption timer (RAS05 CD).RAS05 Mobility with DCH switching • Original functionality UE is kept on HS-DSCH with negative addition window for A-DCH SHO UE moves towards cell edge on HSDSCH Target cell becomes e.

2 dB stronger than source cell UE moves to cell FACH to the target cell by making cellUpdate UE gets HSDSCH after total break of about 3 sec 63 © 2006 Nokia O2 HSDPA Theory Course V2.ppt / 2006-07-05 /BeAs Customer Confidential – Non Binding .RAS05 Mobility with via cell_FACH • New functionality UE is kept on HS-DSCH with negative addition window for A-DCH SHO UE moves towards cell edge on HSDSCH Target cell becomes e.g.

g. After that. it remains there until the buffers are empty. HSDPA can be selected Cell A Service in HSDPA HS-DSCH coverage Throughput HSDPA DCH 128kbps Switching to DCH within the SHO area Upgrade to initial bitrate (e.RAS05 Mobility with DCH switching RAS05 trial • Once the session is in DCH.ppt / 2006-07-05 /BeAs Customer Confidential – Non Binding Time . 64 kbps) Upgrade to 128 / 384 kbps Cell B HS-DSCH coverage or 384kbps according to settings 64kbps 0 64 © 2006 Nokia O2 HSDPA Theory Course V2.

64 kbps HS-DSCH coverage UE on HSDSCH or 384kbps according to settings 64kbps 0 65 © 2006 Nokia O2 HSDPA Theory Course V2.g.ppt / 2006-07-05 /BeAs Customer Confidential – Non Binding . when UE exits SHO area Upgrad e to 128 / 384 kbps Cell B Switch to HSDSCH Cell A Service in HSDPA HS-DSCH coverage Throughput HSDPA DCH 128kbps Switch to DCH 0/0 Upgrad e to e.RAS05 Mobility with DCH switching + Resumption timer RAS05+CD • HSDPA resumption timer switches the user from DCH to HS-DSCH.

ppt / 2006-07-05 /BeAs Customer Confidential – Non Binding .Serving Cell Change via cell_FACH RAS05 E5/pilot • Serving Cell Change switches the user from HSDSCH to Cell_FACH then back to HS-DSCH Cell A Service in HSDPA HS-DSCH coverage Throughput HSDPA Switching to Cell_FACH within the SHO area Cell B UE on HSDSCH HS-DSCH coverage DCH 128kbps or 384kbps according to parameter settings 64kbps 0 66 © 2006 Nokia O2 HSDPA Theory Course V2.

the user in HO area will be moved to Cell-FACH. The user will be immediately switched to the DCH of the requested bit rate when there is a data volume request either from the UE or RNC (no need for first DCH 0x0 DCH Initial bit rate DCH Final bit rate) 67 © 2006 Nokia O2 HSDPA Theory Course V2.ppt / 2006-07-05 /BeAs Customer Confidential – Non Binding . in case of IFHO or ISHO the original DCH switching procedures are used • If the user was moved to Cell-FACH because of intra frequency handover no HSDPA user penalty timers are used on Cell-FACH. the user will be immediately switched to a new HSDPA connection when there is a data volume request either from the UE or RNC • If the user was moved to Cell-FACH because of low utilization or low throughput then the HSDPA user penalty timers are used on Cell-FACH • If the HSDPA user moves to non-HSDPA cell.Details on Cell Change via cell-FACH RAS05 E5/pilot • The same parameter settings apply for this feature as for the DCH switching  no need for re-planning • HSDPA Serving Cell Change via Cell-FACH feature is used only in intra frequency handover cases.

ppt / 2006-07-05 /BeAs Customer Confidential – Non Binding .Measurement results Initial mobility method New mobility proposal 1 Mbps 68 © 2006 Nokia O2 HSDPA Theory Course V2.

Conclusions • Improvement to HSDPA mobility in RAS05 greatly improves long download performance on HSDPA • The benefits are significant even after HSDPA resumption timer. and with resumption timer configuration to HS-DSCH cause a break again • New method would replace the existing DCH switching method as a mobility solution in RAS05 E5 69 © 2006 Nokia O2 HSDPA Theory Course V2. the user is back on HS-DSCH with good download speeds • With DCH switch method it takes time for the user to actually get e. and even larger prior to that • Changing the cell via cell_FACH is faster than doing channel type switching to DCH • Additionally with cell_FACH method.g. 384 kbps.ppt / 2006-07-05 /BeAs Customer Confidential – Non Binding .

HS-DPA Mobility Handling with DCH Switching: RAN230 • Separate parameters sets for HSDPA UE is implemented by including a HSDPA specific identifier in the WCEL parameters • The following object classes can be defined for each cell • Intra Frequency Measurement Control – FMCS • Inter Frequency Measurement Control – FMCI • Inter System Measurement Control – FMCG • Intra Frequency Handover Path – HOPS • Fallbacks from the HS-DSCH to the DCH can be followed up through new counters 70 © 2006 Nokia O2 HSDPA Theory Course V2.ppt / 2006-07-05 /BeAs Customer Confidential – Non Binding .

HSDPA Initial Up Link Bit Rate • This is set by the RNC parameter HSDPAinitialBitrateUL and defines the initial bit rate for the scheduling of the associated UL DCH – 64Kbps (default value). 64Kbps (default) 128Kbps or 384Kbps • The bit rate is subject to normal DCH bit rate rescheduling according to current load and incoming RT connections 71 © 2006 Nokia O2 HSDPA Theory Course V2.ppt / 2006-07-05 /BeAs Customer Confidential – Non Binding . 128Kbps or 384Kbps • Required to be equal to or greater than RNC parameter HSDPAminAllowedBitrateUL.

HSDPA Connection Release • L3 begins the release procedures to release the UL NRT DCH and MAC-d flow if: • The MAC-d flow is under utilised and the UL NRT DCH can be released as specified for other than HSDPA related UL NRT DCHs The MAC-d flow has low throughput and the UL NRT DCH can be released as specified for other than HSDPA related UL NRT DCH. The operator configurable timer HsdschGuardTimerLowThroughput is started for this case • • L2 inactivity supervision and the L3 inactivity timer are not used for the MAC-d flow.ppt / 2006-07-05 /BeAs Customer Confidential – Non Binding . They are only used for NRT DCH’s 72 © 2006 Nokia O2 HSDPA Theory Course V2.

ppt / 2006-07-05 /BeAs Customer Confidential – Non Binding .SHO Parameters • Can be set differently for HSDPA • Smaller SHO areas can be used for UE’s using the HSDSCH • No SHO for HS-SCCH • If the SHO area is smaller the UL DCH will need to use higher power • Setting these parameters requires careful consideration 73 © 2006 Nokia O2 HSDPA Theory Course V2.

Module 3 – Effect of HSDPA Power on Throughput After the module the participant will be able to: • Explain the effects of average cell throughput • Explain Bit Rate Distribution within a cell 74 © 2006 Nokia O2 HSDPA Theory Course V2.ppt / 2006-07-05 /BeAs Customer Confidential – Non Binding .

ppt / 2006-07-05 /BeAs Customer Confidential – Non Binding .Effect of Power on HSDPA Throughput. shared carrier 75 © 2006 Nokia O2 HSDPA Theory Course V2.

ppt / 2006-07-05 /BeAs Customer Confidential – Non Binding .Bit Rate Distribution in a Cell 76 © 2006 Nokia O2 HSDPA Theory Course V2.

HSDPA Power • HSDPA power parameters are probably the single most important parameters that need to be considered in the network • The power parameter settings will determine the average bit rates that are available for the users 77 © 2006 Nokia O2 HSDPA Theory Course V2.ppt / 2006-07-05 /BeAs Customer Confidential – Non Binding .

PtxOffsetHSDPA and HSDPAPriority • PtxTargetHSDPA = high value close to PtxTarget.ppt / 2006-07-05 /BeAs Customer Confidential – Non Binding .HSDPA Strategy • Probability of receiving HSDPA service can be controlled per cell with PtxTargetHSDPA.high availability for HSDPA users even if the DCH usage in the cell is high • High HSDPA availability will mean lower service availability for R99 users especially NRT users. • These parameters should be very carefully considered before deciding on values 78 © 2006 Nokia O2 HSDPA Theory Course V2. HSDPAPriority =1 .

Fixed and Variable Parts of WCDMA With and Without HSDPA PC Headroom PtxOffset HSDPA Power Fixed Power PC Headroom PtxTarget PtxOffsetHSDPA PtxTargetHSDPA Variable Power DCH + Variable part of CCHs DCH + Variable Part of CCHs Variable Power Fixed Power Common CHs Common CHs Fixed Power 79 © 2006 Nokia O2 HSDPA Theory Course V2.ppt / 2006-07-05 /BeAs Customer Confidential – Non Binding .

ppt / 2006-07-05 /BeAs Customer Confidential – Non Binding .Module 4 .Setting HSDPA Parameters • Can be set based on bit rate requirements • Requirements with one scheduler/NodeB lower than for one scheduler per cell • Alternative approach to setting HSDPA power is to evaluate the “spare power” after DCH usage • Low DCH usage – High HSDPA power allocation • High DCH usage – Lower HSDPA power allocation • When HSDPA taken into use power control will increase DL transmission power for DCH users to keep BLER in targets • Increase in DCH power must be considered when setting PtxTargetHSDPA and PTXOffsetHSDPA to prevent power possibly being taken away from HSDPA soon after allocation 80 © 2006 Nokia O2 HSDPA Theory Course V2.

• PtxTargetHSDPA • Used instead of PtxTraget. 5 81 © 2006 Nokia O2 HSDPA Theory Course V2. • WinLCHSDPA • Defines window size used for averaging PtxnonHSDPA measurements in load control purposes.5 dBm • PtxOffsetHSDPA • Used instead of PtxOffset.General • HSDPAenabled Planning parameters in RAN05 • Enables/disables the use of the HSDPA in the cell. • Default.ppt / 2006-07-05 /BeAs Customer Confidential – Non Binding . • Default. • Default. 0.8 dB • PtxMaxHSDPA • Defines maximum HSDPA transmission power. 38. • Default. • MaxBitRateNRTMACdflow • Defines the maximum bit rate of the NRT MAC-d flow. 1664 kbps Power allocation • HSDPAPriority • Defines priority between NRT DCHs and MAC-d flows.

• Default 0 bps. 82 © 2006 Nokia O2 HSDPA Theory Course V2. • MACdflowthroughputTimetoTrigger • Defines the low throughput time to trigger timer • Default. • Default 256 bps. • MACdflowutilTimetoTrigger • Defines the low utilization time to trigger timer • Default. 5s • MACdflowthroughputAveWin • Defines the averaging window size of the MAC-d throughput measurement. after the MAC-d flow is realease due to low throughput.Planning parameters in RAN05 MAC-d flow utilization and throughput measurement • MACdflowutilRelThr • Defines the low utilization threshold of the throughput measurement of the MAC-d flow.ppt / 2006-07-05 /BeAs Customer Confidential – Non Binding . • HsdschGuardTimeLowThroughput • Defines time when HS-DSCH allocation is not allowed for a UE. 0s. • MACdflowthrouhgputRelThr • Defines the low throughput threshold of the throughput measurement of the MAC-d flow.

max. after successful channel type switching to DCH due to any HO reasons. • HSDPARRCdiversity • Enables/disables diversity HO of the stand-alone signalling link after successful RRC connection setup for the HSDPA capable UE. SHO and HO parameters effects only on triggering of channel type switching to DCH 0/0 kbps.) 83 © 2006 Nokia O2 HSDPA Theory Course V2. • HsdschGuardTimerHO • Defines time when HS-DSCH allocation is not allowed for a UE. • Default. (In RAN05. • HSDPAHOPSidentifier • Identifies parameter set for intra-frequency HOs of a user having HS-DSCH allocated.Planning parameters in RAN05 Mobility control • HSDPAFMCS/I/Gidentifier • Identifies parameter set for inter-/intra-frequency and inter-system measurements of a user having HS-DSCH allocated. 5s. active set size is 1 and HS-DSCH serving cell change is not supported.ppt / 2006-07-05 /BeAs Customer Confidential – Non Binding .

84 © 2006 Nokia O2 HSDPA Theory Course V2. • Default. 64 • HSDPAminAllowedBitrateUL • Defines the minimum allowed bit rate in UL that can be allocated by the PS to the HSDPA associated UL DCH when downgrading bit rate.ppt / 2006-07-05 /BeAs Customer Confidential – Non Binding .Planning parameters in RAN05 UL return channel • HSDPAinitialBitrateUL • Defines the initial bit rate for scheduling of the HSDPA associated UL DCH.

ppt / 2006-07-05 /BeAs Customer Confidential – Non Binding .Module 5 – Node B After the module the participant will be able to: • Explain the BTS structure for HSDPA • Explain the requirements and how to enable HSDPA on a BTS • Explain HSDPA and the WSPC card • Explain dimensioning of the WSPC cards • Explain the WSP card types and their support of Common Channels 85 © 2006 Nokia O2 HSDPA Theory Course V2.

R-bus handles L1. MAC-hs and FP WSP WSP DSC-BUS WAM unit handles Control and AAL2 functions WAM AXU DSC-BUS Iub WSP WAF WSP WTR WPA WSM R-bus IFU IFU IFU WAM WSP 86 © 2006 Nokia O2 HSDPA Theory Course V2.NodeB Structure SR-bus RR-bus T-bus ST-bus R-bus Carrier InterFace WAF WTR WPA WAM WSP WSP WSP WSM RT-bus WSC WAF WTR WPA WSM WSP-C assigned for HSDPA use.ppt / 2006-07-05 /BeAs Customer Confidential – Non Binding WSP DSC-BUS .

Requirements to Enable HSDPA on a NodeB • WN3.0 Software installed on the NodeB • At least one WSP-C need to be installed in the NodeB to support HSDPA using 5 codes • A software update for the WSP-C is required to support HSDPA • No changes are required to any other units for HSDPA to be taken into operation and their dimensioning can be done according to the normal guidelines • All types of WSP units can be combined in one cabinet • All NodeB types that can support the WSP-C unit will be able to support HSDPA 87 © 2006 Nokia O2 HSDPA Theory Course V2.ppt / 2006-07-05 /BeAs Customer Confidential – Non Binding .

the WSPC unit is allocated dynamically. capacity is shared between the cells within the WSPC. • The HSDPA WSPC can also handle common channels. but that will further reduce DCH capacity. WSPD or WSPE units. 88 © 2006 Nokia O2 HSDPA Theory Course V2.8/3.1: HSDPA WSPC either per BTS or per cell. • RAS05: One to three HSDPA cells supported on one WSPC. • All HSDPA channels for a cell are processed on the same WSPC.6 Mbit HSDPA downlink (5 HS-PDSCH codes) AND • 16 uplink HS-DPCCHs AND • 30 DCHs at 16 kbit/s or • 14 DCHs + common channels • Associated DCHs for the HSDPA users will consume DCH capacity. WSPC Capacity • Without HSDPA: • 64 DCHs at 16 kbit/s OR • 48 DCHs + common channels • HSDPA 5 codes: • 1.ppt / 2006-07-05 /BeAs Customer Confidential – Non Binding .HSDPA on an UltraSite WCDMA BTS Platform WSPC Allocation • HSDPA not supported by WSPA. • When HSDPA is enabled in a cell. • RAS05. • The HSDPA WSPC can also handle DCHs for any cell but with reduced capacity.

The WSP Channel Element and Common Channels WSP Type WSPA WSPC WSPD WSPE WSP Type WSPA WSPC WSPD 1-3 CEs 32 64 32 16 Cells CEs required for CCHs 8 per cell 16 CEs not reduced for CCHs CEs not reduced for CCHs O2 HSDPA Theory Course V2.ppt / 2006-07-05 /BeAs Bearer (Kbps) AMR voice 16 32 64 128 384 CEs required 1 1 2 4 4 16 If all types of WSP units were installed in the same NodeB the CCH allocation would follow this priority: 1) All CCHs to WSPA 2) WSPC if WSPA fully loaded or does not exist 3) WSPD if WSPA/C fully loaded or does not exist 4) WSPE if WSPA/C/D fully loaded or does Customer Confidential – Non not Binding exist WSPE 89 © 2006 Nokia .

The CEs used for the associated channel must be on the same WSP card Customer Confidential – Non Binding 90 © 2006 Nokia O2 HSDPA Theory Course V2.The WSP-C Unit and HSDPA • Processing power on the WSP = Channel Elements •32 CEs reserved from one WSP-C are required to handle the 5 code HSDPA implementation (HS-DSCH.ppt / 2006-07-05 /BeAs . HS-SCCH and HS-DPCCH) •Reservation of the CEs for HSDPA is static and made at NodeB start up if the flag is set (HSDPAenabled=1) • 1 to 3 cells are supported – For RAS05. 1 WSP-C will support HSDPA for the whole NodeB •The associated channels are distributed across all the available WSP cards in the NodeB regardless of association to WAM.

(32+8)=56 64 .(32+16)=16 64*2-(32+16)=80 64*3-(32+16)=144 (32x2)+64-(32+24)=72 • This UL DCH is not the HS-DPCCH © 2006 Nokia O2 HSDPA Theory Course V2. AMR users Omni directional 1 WSPC Omni directional 1 WSPC + 1 WSPA Sectorised 1+1+1 1 WSPC Sectorised 1+1+1 2 WSPC 1+1+1 3 WSPC Sectorised 1+1+1 2 WSPA + 1 WSPC • An UL DCH at 64/128Kbps requires 4 CEs from the WSP unit • An UL DCH at 384Kbps requires 16 CEs from the WSP unit 91 HSDPA with UL 64or 128Kbps + max AMR users 4 HSDPA + 0 AMR 14 HSDPA + 0 AMR 4 HSDPA + 0 AMR 16 HSDPA + 16 AMR 16 HSDPA + 80 AMR 16 HSDPA + 8 AMR HSDPA with UL 384Kbps + max AMR users 1 HSDPA + 0 AMR 3 HSDPA + 8 AMR 1 HSDPA + 0 AMR 5 HSDPA + 0 AMR 9 HSDPA + 0 AMR 4 HSDPA + 8 AMR 64 – (32+16)=16 (64+32) .ppt / 2006-07-05 /BeAs Customer Confidential – Non Binding .Baseband Capacity with 5 Code HSDPA (RAS05) Site HSDPA active HSDPA active HSDPAactive Configuration No HSDPA users Max.

Example Baseband Calculations 1 •Refer to slides WSP Channel Elements and common channels and baseband Capacity with 5 Code HSDPA (RAS05) •Omni directional 1 WSPC WSPC has 64 CEs – 32 CEs for HSDPA -16 CEs for CCHS = 16 CEs left for associated and AMR channels Using associated channel 16/128 for HSDPA requires 4 CEs from same WSP 16/4 = 4 rem 0 so support for 4 HSDPA users + 0 AMR users Using associated channel 384 requires 16 CEs from same WSP 16/16 =1 rem 0 so support for 1 HSDPA users and 0 AMR users •Omni directional 1 WSPC + 1 WSPA WSPC has 64 CEs – 32 CEs for HSDPA = 32 CEs left for associated and AMR channels WSPA has 32 CEs.ppt / 2006-07-05 /BeAs Customer Confidential – Non Binding . According to rule CCHs should be assigned from WSPA and 8 CES required/cell for CCHs so 32 – 8 = 24 left for use by associated channels and AMR channels Using associated channel of 64/128 for HSDPA requires 4 CEs from same WSP WSPC = 32/4 = 8 r 0 WSPA = 24/4 = 6 r 0 8 + 6 = 14 so support for 14 HSDPA users and 0 AMR users Using associated channel 384 requires 16 CEs from same WSP WSPA = 24/16 = 1 r 8 WSPC = 32/16 = 2 r 0 1 + 2 = 3 and 8 remaining So support for 3 HSDPA users and 8 AMR users 92 © 2006 Nokia O2 HSDPA Theory Course V2.

Example Baseband Calculations 2 •Sectorised 1 + 1+ 1 with 1 WSPC WSPC has 64 CEs – 32 CEs for HSDPA -16 CEs for CCHS = 16 CEs left for use by associated channels and AMR channels Using associated channel 16/128 for HSDPA requires 4 CEs from same WSP 16/4 = 4 rem 0 so support for 4 HSDPA users + 0 AMR users Using associated channel 384 requires 16 CEs from same WSP 16/16 =1 rem 0 so support for 1 HSDPA user and 0 AMR users •Sectorised 1 + 1+ 1 with 2 WSPC WSPC 1has 64 CEs .32CEs for HSDPA – 16 CEs for CCH s= 16 CEs left for use by associated channels and AMR channels WSPC 2 has 64 CEs by associated channels and AMR channels Using associated channel of 64/128 for HSDPA requires 4 CEs from same WSP WSPC 1 = 16/4 = 4 r 0 WSPC 2 = 64/4 = 16 r 0 RAS05 only supports 16 HSDPA users/NodeB (WSPC 2 fulfills this) and therefore all remaining WSPC 1 CEs must be used for AMR so support for 16 HSDPA users and 16 AMR users Using associated channel 384 requires 16 CEs from same WSP WSPC 1 = 16/16 = 1 r 0 WSPC 2 = 64/16 = 4 so support for 5 HSDPA users and 0 AMR users 93 © 2006 Nokia O2 HSDPA Theory Course V2.ppt / 2006-07-05 /BeAs Customer Confidential – Non Binding .

Example Baseband Calculations 3 • Sectorised 1 + 1+ 1 with 3 WSPC WSPC 1has 64 CEs .ppt / 2006-07-05 /BeAs Customer Confidential – Non Binding .32CEs for HSDPA – 16 CEs for CCHs = 16 CEs left for use by associated channels and AMR channels WSPC 2 has 64 CEs left for use by associated channels and AMR channels WSPC 3 has 64 CEs left for use by associated channels and AMR channels Using associated channel of 64/128 for HSDPA requires 4 CEs from same WSP WSPC 1 = 16/4 = 4 r 0 WSPC 2 = 64/4 = 16 r 0 WSPC 3 = 64/4 = 16 r 0 RAS05 only supports 16 HSDPA users/NodeB (WSPC 2 fulfills this) and therefore WSPC 1 and WSPC 3 CEs must be used for AMR WSPC 1 = 16 CEs and WSPC 3 = 64 CEs = 80 CEs so support for 16 HSDPA users 80 AMR users Using associated channel 384 requires 16 CEs from same WSP WSPC 1 = 16/16 = 1 r 0WSPC 2 = 64/16 = 4 r 0 WSPC 3 = 64/16 = 4 r 0 so support for 9 HSDPA users and 0 AMR users • Sectorised 1 + 1+ 1 with 2 WSPA and 1 WSPC WSPC 1 has 64 CEs – 32 CEs for HSDPA = 32 CEs left for use by associated channels and AMR channels WSPA 1 has 32 CEs – (3 X 8 CEs for CCHs) = 8 CEs left for use by associated channels and AMR channels WSPA 2 has 32 CEs left for use by associated channels and AMR channels Using associated channel of 64/128 for HSDPA requires 4 CEs from same WSP WSPA 1 = 8/4 = 2 r 0 WSPA 2 = 32/4 = 8 r 0 WSPC = 32/4 = 8 r 0 RAS05 only supports 16 HSDPA users/NodeB and therefore all WSPA 1 CEs can be used for AMR so support for 8 + 8 = 16 HSDPA users + 8 AMR users Using associated channel 384 requires 16 CEs from same WSP WSPA 1 = 8/16 = 0 r 8 WSPA 2 = 32/16 = 2r 0 WSPC = 32/16 = 2 r 0 so support for 2 + 2 = 4 HSDPA users and 8 AMR users 94 © 2006 Nokia O2 HSDPA Theory Course V2.

RAS05 HSDPA NodeB Configuration • 3 HSDPA capable cells per NodeB 4 users • 16 HSDPA users per NodeB – can be distributed randomly between all HSDPA capable cells • 1 WSPC to support 3 HSDPA cells • HSDPAenabled parameter set in WCEL 8 users 4 users 95 © 2006 Nokia O2 HSDPA Theory Course V2.ppt / 2006-07-05 /BeAs Customer Confidential – Non Binding .

ppt / 2006-07-05 /BeAs Customer Confidential – Non Binding .Enabling HSDPA on a Node B • WN3.1 software installed in the RNC • DMPGs allocated to the HSDPA pool • HSDPAenabled parameter set on (WCELL) • At least one WSPC card to be dedicated to HSDPA functionality • The Nokia OSS system will require OSS4 software and a CD delivery on top of the OSS4 software 96 © 2006 Nokia O2 HSDPA Theory Course V2.0 software installed in the NodeB • RN2.

Module 6 – IUB After the module the participant will be able to: • Explain the new Iub over ATM solution • Explain dimensioning for Iub capacity • Explain Iub parameters SHAS and SHFCAS 97 © 2006 Nokia O2 HSDPA Theory Course V2.ppt / 2006-07-05 /BeAs Customer Confidential – Non Binding .

DCCHs and DTCHs 98 © 2006 Nokia O2 HSDPA Theory Course V2.ATM over the Iub • RAS05 offers a new Iub solution allowing high capacity data to be carried efficiently • Iub bandwidth is divided between signalling links on AAL5. O&M on AAL5 and UP VCCs on AAL2 • User plane VCCs transport CCHs.ppt / 2006-07-05 /BeAs Customer Confidential – Non Binding .

Those resources are not fully utilized during TCP slow start or during inactivity timer periods HSDPA does not use soft handover ⇒ no need for soft handover overhead in Iub 1 E1 for BTS1 E1 for BTS2 3 2 E1 for BTS1 HSDPA improves the Iub efficiency by 5070% due to time multiplexing and due to no soft handover = User 1 = User 2 = User 3 99 © 2006 Nokia 1= TCP slow start 2 = Inactivity timer = 3 Soft handover for some connections Customer Confidential – Non Binding O2 HSDPA Theory Course V2.Iub Efficiency with HSDPA • • • HSDPA improves Iub efficiency compared to Release’99 packet data since HSDPA is a time shared channel with flow control in Iub Release’99 requires dedicated resources from the RNC to the UE.ppt / 2006-07-05 /BeAs .

Iub Flow Control • Algorithm runs on Node B. Operated per priority queue. • RNC may further limit the amount of data to send based on • Node B has allocated more capacity than there is data to send.ppt / 2006-07-05 /BeAs 10 ms Customer Confidential – Non Binding . • Inputs: • Amount of data at Node B • Estimated throughput • RNC chooses when to send the data during each interval. • Iub capacity is limiting (scheduling for this at RNC). • Outputs: • When to send Capacity Allocation message? • Maximum MAC-d PDU size • HS-DSCH credits • HS-DSCH interval • HS-DSCH repetition period • Example • credits = 4 • interval = 10 ms • repetition = 3 10 ms 10 ms = MAC-d PDU max 63 credits 100 © 2006 Nokia O2 HSDPA Theory Course V2.

RAS05 Flow Control Algorithm • Algorithm • Estimate throughput and buffer occupancy.ppt / 2006-07-05 /BeAs . Calculate required credits. • Capacity Allocation sent every 200 ms or if big changes needed in credits. • If danger of buffer overflow. send message with zero credits. • HS-DSCH repetition period • infinite • HS-DSCH interval • 10 ms DSP Buffer HARQ CQ I • HS-DSCH credits • depends on the data rate Customer Confidential – Non Binding 101 © 2006 Nokia O2 HSDPA Theory Course V2. RNC Flow Control Algorithm in NodeB Credits – + Throughput a HS-DSCH Frame Protocol Send or not? Flow Control Buffer Occupancy + • Output • MAC-d PDU size 336 bits.

ppt / 2006-07-05 /BeAs Customer Confidential – Non Binding .Dimensioning the Iub Capacity • It is the Nokia recommendation that NetAct Transmission Planner be used to dimension the Iub interface • The Iub dimensioning will not be affected much with the introduction of HSDPA in RAS05 and the RAN04 dimensioning will probably be adequate 102 © 2006 Nokia O2 HSDPA Theory Course V2.

Iub Parameters • The available Iub capacity is required to be shared between HSDPA and DCH traffic • There are two main parameters that affect this: • Shared HSDPA Allocation Size – WBTS • Shared HSDPA Flow Control Allocation Size – WBTS 1/5 103 © 2006 Nokia O2 HSDPA Theory Course V2.ppt / 2006-07-05 /BeAs Customer Confidential – Non Binding .

Shared HSDPA Flow Control Allocation Size 2/5 Shared HSDPA Flow Control Allocation Size Shared pipe Shared HSDPA AAL2 Allocation Size HSDPA only pipe 104 © 2006 Nokia O2 HSDPA Theory Course V2.ppt / 2006-07-05 /BeAs Customer Confidential – Non Binding .Shared HSDPA AAL2 Allocation Size.

ppt / 2006-07-05 /BeAs Customer Confidential – Non Binding .HSDPA Transport with Best Effort AAL2 QoS: RAN236 DCH only pipe HSDPA max overbookin g DCH Traffic Shared pipe DCH has strict priority HSDPA reservation = Max DCH usage when a HSDPA user is present HSDPA Traffic HSDPA only pipe 105 © 2006 Nokia O2 HSDPA Theory Course V2.

1 Mbps steps 106 © 2006 Nokia O2 HSDPA Theory Course V2.ppt / 2006-07-05 /BeAs Customer Confidential – Non Binding .2 Mbps in 0.Shared HSDPA AAL2 Allocation Size • • • • • • WBTS Parameter Mandatory creation parameter SharedHSDPAallocation Indicates the guaranteed bit rate in the Iub for HSDPA traffic Reservation only made when the first HSDPA user enters the cell The value of the parameter depends on the priority required for the HSDPA traffic – if HSDPA traffic is not as important as DCH traffic then assign a low value • • • 300Kbps is the recommended minimum size 3/5 1Mbps is the recommended size for a 1+1+1 site with only 1 WSPC Range 0 to 7.

Shared HSDPA Flow Control Allocation Size • • • • • • • WBTS parameter SharedHSDPAFlowControlAllocation Indicates the maximum data rate the RNC may use to send mac-d data on the Iub DCH traffic has strict priority except for the reserved capacity allocated by the SharedHSDPAallocation parameter Initially this parameter could be set at 1.ppt / 2006-07-05 /BeAs Customer Confidential – Non Binding .25 X average air interface throughput Maximum value should be Total Iub capacity minus signalling traffic requirements Too high DCH usage and aggressive setting will result in mac-d data buffering at AAL2 level 4/5 107 © 2006 Nokia O2 HSDPA Theory Course V2.

Number Of Overbooked HSDPA Users • WBTS parameter • NbrOfOverbookedHSDPAUsers • The parameter defines the allowed number of MAC-d flows if the Shared HSDPA AAL2 allocation has failed.ppt / 2006-07-05 /BeAs Customer Confidential – Non Binding . • Value 0 can be used to switch the parameter off • The amount of MAC-d flows is not restricted if the HSDPA AAL2 allocation fails and the parameter is not used 5/5 108 © 2006 Nokia O2 HSDPA Theory Course V2.

ppt / 2006-07-05 /BeAs Customer Confidential – Non Binding .Module 7 – RNC After the module the participant will be able to: • Explain RNC features associated with the RNC in RAS05 • Explain the effects of HSDPA on traffic capacity in the RNC • Explain RNC connectivity • Explain the concept of the HSDPA pool 109 © 2006 Nokia O2 HSDPA Theory Course V2.

4 is a factor used to take into account the heavier processing load caused by HSDPA < 1 Customer Confidential – Non Binding .4 x HSDPA 6800 196Mbps © 2006 Nokia O2 HSDPA Theory Course V2.2 number of HSDPA RNC • The values above are theoretical limits when no other traffic types are present The following formula indicates the feasibility of all AMR + SHO x (DCH_CS + DCH_PS) + 1.ppt / 2006-07-05 /BeAs • • 110 SHO = Soft Handover overhead – Network dependant and typically 4 traffic mixes 1.3 – 1.4 1.Traffic Capacity • There is a suggested maximum limit on how much data the RNC can pass onto the Iub depending on the traffic types • DCH PS • HSDPA • DCH CS 196Mbps 100Mbps 196Mbps 6800 Erlang depending on the enabled BTSs in the • AMR 12.

RNC Connectivity (Feature RAN957) • RAS05 can support up to 384 NodeBs/1152 cells • HSDPA can only be enabled in 288 NodeBs/864 cells • DMPGs are reserved from the RNC DMCUs for the HSDPA pool – the amount depends on the number of HSDPA users • The maximum number of DMPGs in the RNC configuration can be 48 • Between 1 and 4 DMPGs can be allocated from each DMCU to HSDPA.ppt / 2006-07-05 /BeAs Customer Confidential – Non Binding . • AMR traffic in the RNC is linearly dependant on the on the number of DMPGs outside the HSDPA DMPG pool • Each full DMCU reserved for HSDPA traffic reduces the maximum AMR Erlang figure (6800) by 155 Erlang => for each DMPG it will be 155/4 ~ 39 erlang • AAL2 connectivity limit for the RNC is 1000Mbps(1Gbps) and does not reflect the total amount of traffic but rather the physical connections 111 © 2006 Nokia O2 HSDPA Theory Course V2.

ppt / 2006-07-05 /BeAs .RN2.1 HSDPA DMPG Pooling Concept HSDPA UE HSDPA DMPG Pool DMPG-0 DMPG-1 DMPG-2 DMPG-3 HSDPA UE non HSDPA UE NodeB non NodeB HSDPA UE HSDPA UE HSDPA UE Normal DMPGs DMPG-6 DMPG-7 DMPG-8 DMPG-9 RNC Customer Confidential – Non Binding 112 © 2006 Nokia O2 HSDPA Theory Course V2.

ANY QUESTIONS? THANK YOU ALL FOR YOUR TIME.ppt / 2006-07-05 /BeAs . 113 © 2006 Nokia O2 HSDPA Theory Course V2.

Addendum 114 © 2006 Nokia O2 HSDPA Theory Course V2.ppt / 2006-07-05 /BeAs .

Number of WSPs is determined according to the expected NodeB traffic WAM – Wideband Application manager. configuration and O&M processing.Summary of NodeB Units • • • • • WAF – Wideband Antenna Filter. One WTR can serve two cells with 2way uplink diversity WSM. temperature control. Combines and isolates Tx/Rx signals as well as amplifies the received signals. Typically one per sector WPA – Wideband Power Amplifier. Performs O&M and carrier control functions. Performs Tx and Rx channel code processing. Sums the Tx signals from the signal processing units or other WSMs WSP – Wideband Signal Processor. One primary WAM at a time is selected as the master telecom and O&M unit by the system.ppt / 2006-07-05 /BeAs • 115 Customer Confidential – Non Binding .Master WAM takes care of the NodeB cabinet level control functions. logical resource management. ATM processing and transport channel frame protocol processing. All WAM units perform telecom control functions. coding and decoding functions. – NodeB start up.Wideband Summing and Multiplexing unit. Operating bandwidth of 20Mhz on any section of the 60Mhz band WTR-B – WCDMA transceiver unit. © 2006 Nokia O2 HSDPA Theory Course V2. Up to six units can be installed in certain NodeBs and in this case 3 will act as primary WAMs (slot 0) and the other 3 as secondary WAMs (slot 1).

ppt / 2006-07-05 /BeAs Customer Confidential – Non Binding .RNC Parameters Related to HSDPA Activation • MaxBitRateNRTMACdflow (Maximum bit rate of NRT MAC-d flow) • MACdflowutilRelThr (Low utilisation threshold of the MAC-d flow)) • MACdflowthroughputAveWin (Averaging Window size of the MAC-d flow throughput measurement) • MACdflowthroughputRelThr (Low throughput threshold of the MAC-d flow) • MACdflowutilTimetoTrigger (Low utilisation time to trigger of the MAC-d flow) • MACdflowthroughputTimetoTrigger (Low throughput time to trigger of the MAC-d flow) • HsdschGuardTimerLowThroughput (HS-DSCH guard timer due to low throughput) • HsdschGuardTimerHO (HS-DSCH guard time after switching to DCH due to HO) • HsdpaRRCdiversity (SHO prohibition for HSDPA-capable UE) • HSDSCHQoSclasses (HS-DSCH QoS classes) • HSDPAminAllowedBitrateUL (Minimum allowed bit rate in uplink for HSDPA associated UL DCH) • HSDPAinitialBitrateUL (Initial bit rate in uplink for HSDPA associated UL DCH) • HSDPAPriority (HSDPA priority) 116 © 2006 Nokia O2 HSDPA Theory Course V2.

ppt / 2006-07-05 /BeAs Customer Confidential – Non Binding .WBTS Parameters Related to HSDPA Activation • WinLCHSDPA (PtxnonHSDPA averaging window size for load control) • SharedHSDPAallocation (Shared HSDPA AAL2 allocation) • NbrOfOverbookedHSDPAUsers (Number of overbooked HSDPA users) • ReleaseTimerForSharedHSDPAallocation (Release timer for shared HSDPA allocation) • SharedHSDPAVCCSelectionMethod (Shared HSDPA AAL2 VCC selection method) • SharedHSDPAFlowControlAllocation (Shared HSDPA flow control allocation) 117 © 2006 Nokia O2 HSDPA Theory Course V2.

WCEL Parameters Related to HSDPA Activation • HSDPAenabled (HSDPA enabled) • PtxTargetHSDPA (Target for transmitted non-HSDPA power) • PtxMaxHSDPA (PtxMaxHSDPA) • HsdpaFmcsIdentifier (HSDPA FMCS identifier) • HsdpaFmciIdentifier (HSDPA FMCI identifier) • HsdpaFmcgIdentifier (HSDPA FMCG identifier) • PtxOffsetHSDPA (Offset for transmitted non-HSDPA power) 118 © 2006 Nokia O2 HSDPA Theory Course V2.ppt / 2006-07-05 /BeAs Customer Confidential – Non Binding .

384. … .512. step 1 Not applicable WCEL 119 © 2006 Nokia O2 HSDPA Theory Course V2. 256. step 128 kbps 1664 kbps RNC Mobility Control Parameters Parameter name: Abbreviated name: Range: Default: Object: HSDPA FMCS identifier HSDPAFmcsIdentifier 1 … 100.ppt / 2006-07-05 /BeAs Customer Confidential – Non Binding .Management Parameters for HSDPA RRM 1/8 General Parameters Parameter name: Abbreviated name: Range: Default: Object: Parameter name: Abbreviated name: Range: Default: Object: HSDPA enabled HSDPAenabled Yes. 14080. No No WCEL Maximum bit rate of NRT MAC-d flow MaxBitRateNRTMACdflow 64. 128.

Management Parameters for HSDPA RRM 2/8 Parameter name: Abbreviated name: Range: Default: Object: HSDPA FMCI identifier HSDPAFmciIdentifier 1 … 100. step 1 Not applicable WCEL Parameter name: Abbreviated name: Range: Default: Object: HSDPA FMCG identifier HSDPAFmcgIdentifier 1 … 100.ppt / 2006-07-05 /BeAs Customer Confidential – Non Binding . step 1 Not applicable WCEL Parameter name: Abbreviated name: Range: Default: Object: HSDPA HOPS identifier HSDPAHopsIdentifier 1 … 100. step 1 Not applicable ADJS 120 © 2006 Nokia O2 HSDPA Theory Course V2.

Management Parameters for HSDPA RRM 3/8
Parameter name: Abbreviated name: Range: Default: Object: HS-DSCH guard time after channel type switching due to HO reasons HsdschGuardTimerHO 0 … 30 s, step 1 5s RNC

Parameter name: Abbreviated name: Range: Default: Object:

SHO prohibition after RRC connection setup for HSDPA capable UE HSDPARRCdiversity 0 (SHO not allowed)… 1 (SHO allowed), step 1 1 RNC

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Management Parameters for HSDPA RRM 4/8
Power Allocation Parameters
Parameter name: Abbreviated name: Range: Default: Object: PtxTargetHSDPA PtxTargetHSDPA -10 … 50 dBm, step 0.1 38.5 dBm WCEL

Parameter name: Abbreviated name: Range: Default: Object:

Ptx Max HSDPA PtxMaxHSDPA 0 … 50 dBm, step 0.1 37.8 dBm WCEL

Parameter name: Abbreviated name: Range: Default: Object:

HSDPA priority HSDPAPriority 1 … 2, step 1 1 RNC

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Management Parameters for HSDPA RRM 5/8

Parameter name: Abbreviated name: Range: Default: Object:

PtxnonHSDPA averaging window size for LC WinLCHSDPA 0 … 20, step 1 5 WBTS

Parameter name: Abbreviated name: Range: Default: Object:

PtxOffsetHSDPA PtxOffsetHSDPA 0 … 6 dB, step 0.1 0.8 dB WCEL

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step 0.5 s 3s RNC Parameter name: Abbreviated name: Range: Default: Object: Low throughput threshold of the MACd flow MACdflowthroughputRelThr 0 … 64000 bps.Management Parameters for HSDPA RRM MAC-d6/8 flow throughput measurement parameters Parameter name: Abbreviated name: Range: Default: Object: Low utilization threshold of the MAC-d flow MACdflowutilRelThr 0 … 64000 bps. step 256 0 RNC 124 © 2006 Nokia O2 HSDPA Theory Course V2.ppt / 2006-07-05 /BeAs Customer Confidential – Non Binding . step 256 256 bps RNC Parameter name: Abbreviated name: Range: Default: Object: Window size of the MAC-d flow throughput measurement MACdflowthroughputAveWin 0 … 10 s.

step 1 30 s RNC 125 © 2006 Nokia O2 HSDPA Theory Course V2. step 0.2 s 5s RNC Parameter name: Abbreviated name: Range: Default: Object: HS-DSCH guard timer due to low throughput HsdschGuardTimerLowThroughput 0 … 240 s.Management Parameters for HSDPA RRM 7/8 Parameter name: Abbreviated name: Range: Default: Object: Low utilization time to trigger of the MAC-d flow MACdflowutilTimetoTrigger 0 … 300 s.ppt / 2006-07-05 /BeAs Customer Confidential – Non Binding . step 0.2 s 0s RNC Parameter name: Abbreviated name: Range: Default: Object: Low throughput time to trigger of the MAC-d flow MACdflowthroughputTimetoTrigger 0 … 300 s.

Management Parameters for HSDPA RRM 8/8 Parameter name: Abbreviated name: Range: Default: Object: HS-DSCH QoS classes HSDSCHQoSclasses 0-15. 128. 384 kbps 64 kbps RNC Parameter name: Abbreviated name: Range: Default: Object: Initial bit rate in uplink for HSDPA associated UL DCH HSDPAinitialBitrateUL 64. 128. 384 kbps 64 kpbs RNC 126 © 2006 Nokia O2 HSDPA Theory Course V2.ppt / 2006-07-05 /BeAs Customer Confidential – Non Binding . step 1 15 RNC Other parameters Parameter name: Abbreviated name: Range: Default: Object: Minimum allowed bit rate in uplink for HSDPA associated UL DCH HSDPAminAllowedBitrateUL 64.

2 Mbps 1.ppt / 2006-07-05 /BeAs Customer Confidential – Non Binding .1 Mbps 14.6 Mbps - 127 © 2006 Nokia O2 HSDPA Theory Course V2.9 Mbps 1.0 Mbps 3.UE Categories HSDPA Category 11 12 1/2 3/4 5/6 7/8 9 10 Modulation QPSK only QPSK only QPSK/16QAM QPSK/16QAM QPSK/16QAM QPSK/16QAM QPSK/16QAM QPSK/16QAM Inter-TTI 2 1 3 2 1 1 1 1 Transport 5 Codes Block size 3630 3630 7298 7298 7298 14411 20251 27952 0.8 Mbps 10 Codes 7.8 Mbps 1.2 Mbps - 15 Codes 10.

• Measurement power offset G signalled to Node B and UE by NBAP and RRC. • Table to the right (from 25. • Reference power adjustment D is used to signal how much quality is better than maximum TBS supported by UE. PHS-PDSCH = PCPICH CQI 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 TBS 137 173 233 317 377 461 650 792 931 1262 1483 1742 2279 2583 3319 3565 4189 4664 5287 5887 6554 7168 7168 7168 7168 7168 7168 7168 7168 7168 codes 1 1 1 1 1 1 2 2 2 3 3 3 4 4 5 5 5 5 5 5 5 5 5 5 5 5 5 5 5 5 M QPSK QPSK QPSK QPSK QPSK QPSK QPSK QPSK QPSK QPSK QPSK QPSK QPSK QPSK QPSK 16QAM 16QAM 16QAM 16QAM 16QAM 16QAM 16QAM 16QAM 16QAM 16QAM 16QAM 16QAM 16QAM 16QAM 16QAM ∆ (dB) 0 0 0 0 0 0 Applicable to 0 RAS05 0 (QPSK 0 0 and 5 codes) 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 -1 -2 -3 -4 -5 -6 -7 -8 128 © 2006 Nokia O2 HSDPA Theory Course V2.CQI Reporting from UE • UE measures channel quality of CPICH and assumes that HSPDSCH codes will be transmitted with combined power • + G.214) defines CQI for UE categories 1 to 6.ppt / 2006-07-05 /BeAs Customer Confidential – Non Binding . Based on 10% BLER.

ppt / 2006-07-05 /BeAs Customer Confidential – Non Binding .Abbreviations (1) 16QAM A/N AM AAL2 Ack ARQ AS ASIC ATM BLER CCS CQI CRNC DCCH DCH DPCCH 16 Quadrature Amplitude Modulation Ack/Nack Acknowledge Mode ATM Adaptation Layer type 2 Acknowledgement Automatic Repeat Request Active Set Application Specific Integrated Circuit Asynchronous Transfer Mode Block Error Rate Channelisation Code Set Channel Quality Information Controlling RNC Dedicated Control Channel Dedicated Channel Dedicated Physical Control Channel HS-DSCH HS-PDSCH HS-SCCH DPCH DSP DTCH DTX F FBI FC FP H-RNTI HARQ HS-DPCCH Dedicated Physical Channel Digital Signal Processor Dedicated Traffic Channel Discontinuous Transmission Flag Feedback Information Flow Control Frame Protocol HS-DSCH Radio Network Temporary Identifier Hybrid Automatic Repeat Request High Speed Dedicated Physical Control Channel High Speed Downlink Shared Channel High Speed Physical Downlink Shared Channel High Speed Shared Control Channel 129 © 2006 Nokia O2 HSDPA Theory Course V2.

ppt / 2006-07-05 /BeAs Customer Confidential – Non Binding .Abbreviations (2) HSDPA I LA M MAC Nack NDI PDU PHY Q QPSK RLC RNC RV SDU High Speed Downlink Packet Access In phase Link Adaptation Modulation Medium Access Control Negative Acknowledgement New Data Indicator Protocol Data Unit Physical (Layer) Quadrature Quadrature Phase Shift Keying Radio Link Control Radio Network Controller Redundancy Version Service Data Unit SID SRNC TBS TM TNL TPC TSN TTI UE UM VF WAMA WSPA WSPC WSPD Size Index Identifier Source RNC Transport Block Size Transparent Mode Transport Network Layer Transmit Power Control Transmission Sequence Number Transmission Time Interval User Equipment Unacknowledged Mode Version Flag Wideband Application Manager version A Wideband Signal Processor version A Wideband Signal Processor version C Wideband Signal Processor version D 130 © 2006 Nokia O2 HSDPA Theory Course V2.

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