INTRODUCTION TO CHEMISTRY

Almost everything around us is related to chemistry.CHEMISTRY AND ITS IMPORTANT     Chemistry is not something strange that is studied only in the laboratory. Chemistry is very much part of our lives. which means µthe art of transforming metals¶ . The word ³chemistry´ originates from the Arabic word al-kamiya.

What is chemistry?  Chemistry is the study of the composition. structure. properties and interactions of matter .

medicines. paper. etc. stones. All matter is chemical. The study of chemistry concerns all kinds of chemicals Chemicals are not only found in laboratory but also in common substances such as metals. . coal. water.    Chemistry is acknowledge as a branch of science that deals with matter. air.

washing machine. etc .Some examples of common chemicals used in daily life and their uses Examples of common chemicals Sodium chloride (Table salt) Calcium carbonate Acetic acid (Vinegar) Insulin Silicon chips Uses To give food taste (food would be tasteless without table salt) To make marble tiles To preserve food For diabetic patient to control sugar in the blood Used in computers and devices like television sets.

. Many important advances in science and technology have been made possible by the production of new chemicals by chemists or chemistry related professionals.

food industries. . Knowledge of chemistry is useful to almost everyone and in every field. Since chemistry studies all kinds of substances.Chemistry related careers    Chemistry opens the door to many careers. water treatment industries and others. chemists can be found working in a large number of different area such as laboratory.

Chemist Doctor Engineer Nurse Farmacist Chemistry Related Careers Accountant Geologist Farmer .

Chemical-based industries in Malaysia and their contribution   Palm oil industry Petrochemical industry .

Scientific Method A systematic method used to solve problems in science Making observation Making inference Identifying problem Making hypothesis Identifying variables Controlling variables .

Planning an experiment Collecting data Interpreting data Making conclusion Writing report .

Format of a report        Problem statement: Aim: Hypothesis: Variables: (a) Manipulated variable: (b) Responding variable: (c) Fixed variable(s): Materials: Apparatus: Procedure: .

    Data and observation: Interpreting data: Discussion: Conclusion: .

Attitude and value     Inculcate scientific attitudes and noble value Observations should be done objectively. carefully and patiently Rational. critical and analytical when interpreting data and making inferences or conclusions Diligent and persevering .

Activity 1.2 Page 2 .

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