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Communicable diseases 17,380
Non-communicable diseases 33,484
Injuries 5,101
Cardiovascular diseases 16,970
Cancers 7,065
Respiratory diseases 3,575
Digestive diseases 2,409
Neuropsychiatric disorders 911
Genitourinary diseases 900
Source: Adapted from The World Health Report 2000, WHO


Burden of Disease Worldwide: Estimates for 1999 (in thousands)
Disability-Adjusted Life Years

Communicable diseases 615,105


Non-communicable diseases 621,742
Injuries 201,307
Cardiovascular diseases 157,185
Neuropsychiatric disorders 158,721
Cancers 84,500
Respiratory diseases 70,017
Congenital abnormalities 36,557
Source: Adapted from The World Hedalth Report
2000, WHO

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RANK 1975 1980 1985 1990 1995


1 Pneumonias Pneumonias Pneumonias Heart Diseases Heart Diseases

2 TB, all forms Heart Diseases Heart Diseases Pneumonias Diseases of the
Vascular system

3 Heart Diseases TB, all forms TB, all forms Diseases of the Pneumonias
Vascular System

4 Diseases of the Diseases of the Diseases of the TB, all forms Malignant
Vascular System Vascular system Vascular System Neoplasm

5 Malignant Malignant Neoplasm Malignant Malignant TB, all forms


Neoplasm Neoplasm Neoplasm
6 Gastroenteritis Diarrheas Diarrheas Diarrheas Accidents
and colitis
7 Avitaminosis and Accidents Accidents Septicemia Chronic
other nutritional Obstructive
deficiencies Pulmonary
Disease
8 Accidents Avitaminosis and Measles Nephritis, Other diseases of
other nutritional nephritic the respiratory
deficiencies syndrome and system
nephrosis

9 Bronchitis Measles Avitaminosis and Accidents Diabetes


other nutritional mellitus
deficiencies

10 Tetanus Nephritis, nephrotic Nephritis, Measles Diarrheal


syndrome and nephrotic diseases
nephrosis syndrome, and
nephrosis

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by a new epidemic disease ± HIV/AIDS


Ascendancy of noncommunicable diseases

r this leaves many countries with a double


burden of health problems:
r a new epidemic of infectious disease and
unresolved infectious conditions
r a growing set of noncommunicable diseases.


Ascendancy of noncommunicable diseases

rEpidemiologic transition in the Philippines

rEpidemiologic transition varies; reflecting the


social, cultural, economic, and health resource
factors

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