STEAM POWER PLANT

2.1. Out plant handling of coal In plant handling of coal .

The out plant handling of coal is done by Transportation by Sea or River. Transportation by Ropes. 3. Transportation by Road.(For small plants) Transportation coal by pipeline. 2.(Coal with water is made into slurry which is pumped through the pipeline to destination) . 4. 5.(If mine is <10kms distance from Power plant) Transportation by Rail.` 1.

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Car shakers.` Coal delivery: Coal from the supply points is delivered to the power stations by the way of sea transportation or by pipe line transportation or by trucks. ` . rotary car dampers. Lift trucks. Unloading: The unloading equipment requirement is depending upon the type of coal received at the power station. unloading towers & bridges. Self-unloading boats etc.

` Preparation: The coal is not in proper size if the coal delivered is in the form of big lumps. crushers. The preparation of coal can be achieved by sizers. and breakers. Coal is first crushed in the crusher coal of proper size are separated in the vibrating separator. Coal is dried in a Closed chamber by passing hot gas By running through a magnetic belt conveyor ant iron debris present in the coal are removed ` ` ` ` .

6. 3. Transfer: After preparation coal is transferred to the dead storage by means of the following systems: Belt conveyors Skip hoists Flight conveyor Screw conveyors Bucket elevators Grab bucket elevators . 5.` 1. 2. 4.

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Can transfer 50 to 100T/hr for 400mtrs distance at an inclination 20o Average speed of the conveyor is 60m to 100m per minute ` ` . canvas or balata running over a pair of end drums.` Endless belt made of rubber.

` ` ` ` ` Most economical method in medium & large capacity plants Rate of coal transfer can be varied by varying the speed of the conveyor Repair and maintenance cost minimum Power consumption is low Coal can be protected on transfer on providing a overhead covers .

` Cannot be used for short distance ` Cannot be used for greater height transfer as inclination is limited to 20o .

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` Helicoids screw fitted to a shaft supported by enclosed ball bearing. The dia varies from 15 to 50 mm rotating at 70 to 120rpm Max capacity 125T/hr ` ` .

Disadvantages ` ` ` Power consumption high/unit wt Length of feed less 30mtrs Wear & tear high .` ` ` Minimum space Most simple & compact Can be made dust tight.

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` sed for vertical lift up to 100ft Max inclination 60o Speed of chain for bucket elevators-75m/min and Speed of continuous type is 35m/min for about 60T/hr ` ` ` .

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` A 2 to 3 cum bucket can transfer 100 tonnes of coal per hour over a distance of 60mts .

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It requires small head room Speed of the conveyor can be regulated Can be used for both coal and ash transfer Excessive wear and tear Power consumption high Speed is limited Repair and maintenance high. ` Advantages ` ` ` ` Disadvantage ` ` ` ` .` Flight conveyors incorporate chains with scraper bars or attachments that push the material in an enclosed and dust tight trough.

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