18. Adaptations of Plants from different habitats in carrying out photosynthesis.

(a) Tropical plants - has more stomata on lower surface than upper surface of leaf to reduce water loss. - most chloroplasts in palisade & spongy mesophyll cells to carry out photosynthesis. (b) Floating plants (water lilies) has stomata distributed on upper surface of leaf for gaseous exchange. (c) Dessert plants (cactus) leaf size reduced to form thorns form leaf and no stomata -> reduce water loss by transpiration, no photosynthesis occurs on thorns like leaf. **photosynthesis occurs at stem with chloroplasts & stomata. (d) Aquatic plants do not have stomata , but diffusion of gases can occur through the whole surface of plant.

‡ The stroma (dense fluid) is the space surrounding the granum contained a lot enzymes. ‡ Chlorophyll molecules are embedded in the thylakoid membrane ‡ Act like a light antenna ‡ These molecules can absorb sunlight energy. .Chloroplasts ‡ Have TWO membranes ± A bi-bilayer! ‡ The thylakoid is folded and looks like stacks of coins called granum (grana singular).

‡ H from light rxn + CO2 form glucose. ‡ ATPs from light rxn provide energy. H2O. ‡ occurs in stroma. H atoms. O2. Products = ATPs. light energy chemical energy. . ‡ various enzymes involved in every step. ‡ Product = GLUCOSE. Water photolysis occurs.Photosynthesis ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ Light reaction Require LIGHT. Occurs in grana (thylakoid). Dark reaction (Calvin cycle) ‡ occurs in light or WITHOUT light.

Photosynthesis occurs in chloroplasts of leafs Light dependent stage water photolysis Water absorbed by root from soil Light independent stage formation of carbohydrates Hydrogen CO2 O2 Glucose + water What is the equation for photosynthesis? 6CO2 + 24H2O C6H12O6 + 18H2O + 6O2 .

Sign up to vote on this title
UsefulNot useful