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y By law the generic name has to be indentified on all drug labels. y The generic name or established non-propietary name appears directly under brand name. y It is usually large type and boldly visible to identify and promote the product. .Brand and Generic Names y The brand or trade name is the manufacturer s name for a drug.
y Hence prescribers can order these types of drus using either measurement . y Example Lopid tablets is 600 milligrams (the weight and specific measurement) per tablet. y Some drugs may have two different but equivalent dosage strengths.000 units per tablet.Dosage Strength y Dosage weight or the amount of drug provided in a specific unit of measurement. Penicillin K has a dosage of 250 milligrams or 400.
. drops or ounces. millilitres. y May be crystalloid or a suspension.g. y Injectables may be supplied in solution or as dry powder to be reconstituted. others have to be reconstituted and measured with a precise liquid volume e. y Solid dosage forms for oral use are tablets and capsules y Some powdered or granular medications not manufactured in tablet form can be directly combined with food or liquid.Form y Identifies the structure and composition of the drug.
. The dosage is measured X units per tablet. y For liquid medications the supply dosage is the same as the medications concentration which is X measured units per milliliter.Supply Dosage y Both dosage strength and form. y It is read X measured units per some quantity y For solid-form meds.
Administration Route y Site of the body or method of drug delivery into the patient y Examples include: y Oral y Enteral y Sublingual y Injection. IV. Subcut y Otic y Topical y Rectal y Vaginal y optic .IM.
do not refrigerate . . close cap tightly before storing or store in a dry place . protect from light . y Storage alerts may be keep refrigerated at all times . y Reconstituted suspensions may me dispensed already prepared for use with directions for the nurse to shake well before use to remix components.Label Alerts y Manufacturers may print warning labels on the packaging or the pharmacy may add a special alert.
y This number helps in medication recalls for e.g.Lot numbers y Federal law requires all medication packlages to be identified with a lot or control number. vaccines and OTC drugs . y If a drug is recalled for reasons such as damage or tampering the lot number quickly identifies the particular group of medication packages to be removed from shelves.
Other items y EXPIRATION DATE-medication should be used or y y y y y discarded or returned to pharmacy by the expiration date. Name of manufacturer National drug code Bar code symbols National formulary (nf) United stated Pharmacopeia (USP) .
. capsules. or milliliters rather than the dosage strength.Combination Drugs y Some medications are a combination of two drugs in one form y Examples are Augmentin and percocet y These drugs are usually prescribed by the number of tablets.
y With Five being the most controlled and One being the least controlled OTC Medications. . such as narcotics. y They are classified into one of five groupings or schedules. y The schedule number (a Roman numeral) is indicated on the label.Controlled Substances y Controlled substances. are carefully monitored because of the potential for abuse.
Class 2 drug .
To decrease the risk a medication error will occur. always check the medication label three times: y Against the medication order or MAR y Before preparing the medication y After preparing the medication and before administering it. .Medication Labels y Every medication has a label with essential information on it.
Unit or Single dose labels y Most oral medications given in the hospital setting are available in single (unit) doses. y The total volume is usually omitted on these containers since they only hold a single dose .
Supply Dosage Expressed as a Ratio or Percent y Sometimes the amount of medication contained in a solution is expressed as a ratio of the number of grams of the drug per total milliliters of solution. . y Percentage solutions express the number of grams of the drug per 100 milliliters of solution.
000 mL = 1.000 mL solution y 1 g: 10. Example: y Betoptic Opthalmic Solution 0.000 contains 1 g of the drug per 10.5 g of drug per 100 mL y 0.000 mL = 1 mg/10 mL y Other solutions express the amount of medication as a percentage (the number of grams of the drug per 100 milliliters of solution).5g: 100 mL = 500 mg: 100 mL = 5 mg/mL .Supply Dosage Expressed as a Ratio or Percent Example: y Epinephrine 1:10.000 mg: 10.5% contains 0.