8A!

8LWAL Ǝ PlS WC8kS
lnLroducLlon
8A! 8LWAL WAS 8C8n ln PCSPlA8Þu8ţ
Þun!A8 ln 1934
LlvLu ln uLLPl Anu SPlMLA Anu
A11LnuLu PA8CCu81 8u11L8
PlCPL8 SLCCnuA8? SCPCCLŦ
A11LnuLu uLLPl SCPCCL Cl
A8CPl1LC1u8Lţ nLW uLLPl l8CM
1931Ŵ1934
Inf|uences of ka[ kewa|
W Pe meL wlLh 3 encounLers whlch shaped hls archlLecLural ldeoloavŦ
Pe developed hls ldeoloav and followed lL for Lhe resL of hls llfeŦ
W llrsL encounLerţ he relaLes Lo hls lnLeresL ln sLrucLures durlna whlch
he developed durlna Lhe revlew of hls dlploma pro[ecLsŦ
W Second one accounLs on hls worklna experlence LhaL he aalned
whlle he was worklna as an asslsLanL manaaer for several AvanLe
Crade LheaLre producLlons ln LondonŦ As a seL deslaner for Lhe
drama showsţ he learnL LhaL each dramaLlc work had a parLlcular
characLer whlch he lnLerpreLed as Lhe rasa of Lhe bulldlnaŦ
W 1hlrd encounLer was LhaL he worked wlLh Mlchel Lcohard ln Þarlsţ
before bealnnlna hls own archlLecLural pracLlceŦ ln Lhls offlceţ he
learned Lhe prlnclples of urban deslan and ÞlannlnaŦ
@nkng of kewa|
#unllke muslc or palnLlnaţ archlLecLure ls a publlc arL and deals wlLh
uLlllLarlan ob[ecLsŦ l Lhlnk some of Lhe besL archlLecLure of ouL Llmes
Lends Lo have poeLlc elemenLs as well as belna uLlllLarlanŦ 1he havells
of !alsalmer are one of mv blaaesL lnsplraLlonsŦ 1hev LauahL me how Lo
keep Lhe lnLerlors cool ln scorchlna heaLŦ" Pe ls palned Lo see
developers are lnvesLlna ln alassŦ #Class ls for colder cllmaLeŦ lLs
Lransparencv ls nulllfled ln hoL weaLher as vou Lo have Lo cover lL wlLh
heavv curLalnsŦ As vou shuL Lhe door Lo naLureţ Lhe cosL of alr
condlLlonlna aoes up subsLanLlallvŦ"
8ewal belleves Lhere ls an eLhlcs of archlLecLureŦ #1he scare of alobal
warmlna ls loomlna larae and archlLecLs should bear speclal
responslblllLv and enerav efflclencv should be a ma[or concernŦ ln mosL
of Lhe pro[ecLsţ l have been lnvolvedţ we were able Lo reduce elecLrlcal
power uLlllsaLlon bv abouL 10 per cenL bv adopLlna LradlLlonal sun
conLrol svsLems llke courLvardsţ roof overhanas and deep seL
wlndowsŦ"
Jorks Cf kewa|
8ewal has promoLed a coherenL and harmonlous developmenL LhaL ls
ln svnc wlLh Lhe cllmaLe and culLure of Lhe placeŦ When oLhers were
rushlna for cublcles and alass effecLţ he kepL LradlLlonal lndlan
crafLsmen lnvolved ln conLemporlslna LradlLlonal archlLecLural arL
formsŦ Pls dlaloaue wlLh Lhe herlLaae conLlnues as he creaLes
courLvards ln publlc bulldlnas as Lhe meeLlna spaces for Lhe emplovees
Lo have a dlaloaueŦ
Pls bullL works comprlse a wlde ranae of bulldlna Lvpesţ lncludlna Lhe
nehru Þavlllonţ ÞraaaLl Maldanţ Lhe Scope offlce complexţ Lhe CenLral
lnsLlLuLe of LducaLlonal 1echnoloavţ Lhe World 8ank bulldlnaţ Lhe
naLlonal lnsLlLuLe of lmmunoloavţ Lhe Aslan Cames vlllaae and Lhe
ÞarllamenL Llbrarvţ all locaLed ln new uelhlţ as well as Lhe lsmalll
CenLre ln Llsbonţ ÞorLuaalŦ
PALL Cl nA1lCnS ţ
PALL Cl lnuuS18lLSţnLW uLLPl
PALL Cl nA1lCnS ţ
PALL Cl lnuuS18lLSţnLW uLLPl
W uLSlCn 1C 8LlLLC1 S?M8CLlCALL? Anu
1LCPnCLCClCALL? lnulA'S lMÞC81An1 ÞLACL
ln 1PL MCuL8nţ lnuuS18lALlZlnC lnulA
W PALL Cl nA1lCnS PAS A CLLA8 SÞAn Cl 78
ML18LS Anu A PLlCP1 vA8?lnC l8CM 3M 1C
21
W PALL Cl lnuuS18lLS lS A CCM8lnA1lCn Cl
lCu8 SMALLL8 ÞAvlLlCnS 8? 8AMÞS
LnCLCSlnC A CLn18AL A8LA lC8 CÞLnŴAl8
LxPl8l1SŦ l1 PAS A SÞAn Cl 44MŦ Anu PLlCP1
Cl 16Ŧ8M
PALL Cl nA1lCnS ţ
PALL Cl lnuuS18lLSţnLW uLLPl
W LACP ÞAvlLlCn lS A 1P8LL ulMLnSlCnAL
SÞACL l8AML Cl CAS1ŴlnŴSl1u 8LlnlC8CLu
CLMLn1 CCC8L1LŦ
W CC1APLu8A MLASu8lnC 3M l8CM !Cln1 1C
!Cln1 WL8L LMÞLC?Lu AS 1PL 8ASlC 1P8LLŴ
ulMLnSlCnAL unl1Ŧ
W SCLlu 18lAnCuLA8 ÞAnLLS A1 8LCuLA8
ln1L8vAL Þ8CvluL SunSC8LLn 8LSLM8LlnC
18Aul1lCnAL !ALlŦ
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PALL Cl lnuuS18lLSţnLW uLLPl
ln1L8lC8 vlLW Cl PALL Cl nA1lCnS
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S1A1L 18AulnC CC8ÞC8A1lCn ţuLLPl
W SŦ1ŦC PAS unlCuL S18uC1u8L Anu Su8lACL
18LA1MLn1Ŧ
W l1 lS CCvL8Lu 8? 8LlCL Anu 8Lu SAnuS1CnL
ÞAnLLSŦ
W vL81lCAL S18uC1u8AL CC8LS CCn1AlnS
Lll1S Anu SL8vlCLSŦ
W PlCP 8lSL 8LCCkS 8lSL 1C ulllL8Ln1
PLlCP1Sţ 1ALLLS1 8LlnC 1PL CnL lC8MlnC
A !unC1lCn Cl 1PL LCWL8 1WCŦ
S1A1L 18AulnC CC8ÞC8A1lCn ţuLLPl
W 1PL ClllCL lLCC8S PAvL A 13M SÞAn Anu
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S?S1LM 8LlnC CCLuMn l8LLŦ
W 8LÞL1l1lCn Cl CC1ACCnAL CÞLnlnCS ln
1PL 88luCLŴLlkL Cl8uL8S 8L1WLLn 1PL
vL81lCAL CC8LSC8LA1LS An lMÞ8LSSlCn Cl
18Aul1lCn !AlLŦ
W nA1u8AL LlCP1 8LACPLS ulSÞLA? A8LA
l8CM Sk?LlCP1S Cn 1PL 8CCl 1L88ACL
1?ÞlCAL ÞLAn
SLC1lCn
vlLWS
SCCÞL ClllCL CCMÞLLxţ
nLW uLLPl
SCCÞL ClllCL CCMÞLLxţ
nLW uLLPl
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8lSL CCnS18uC1lCnŦ
W LlCP1 ÞCL?CCnAL ln1L8LCCklnC 8LCCkS
A8L C8CuÞLu A8Cunu A CLn18AL
CCu81?A8u Ŧ
W S18CnCţ lC818LSS LlkL MASS PAS 8LLn
LMÞPASlZLu 8? 1PL 8LÞLA1Lu uSL Cl
CC8nL8 CCLuMnS Anu S1CnL lAClnC Ŧ
SCCÞL ClllCL CCMÞLLxţ
nLW uLLPl
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Anu PAvlnC ACCLSS 1C 1PL ClllCLS Anu MLL1lnC
8CCMS Cn LACP lLCC8Ŧ
W nA1u8AL LlCP1 8LACPLS uLLÞ ln1C 1PL ln1L8lC8S
AS A 8LSuL1 Cl 1PL 8LCLSSLS Cn 1PL Þ8lnClÞAL
lAÇAuLŦ
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CCLuMnS SuÞÞC81lnC A SCuA8L ulAC8lu Cl
S18uC1u8AL SLA8S Wl1P 12M CLn18LS C8 16M A1
1PL 1WC uÞÞL8MCS1 LLvLLS
ÞLAn
SLC1lCn
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ASlAu vlLLACL PCuSlnCţ
nLW uLLPl
ASlAu vlLLACL PCuSlnC
W PCuSlnC CCMMlSSlCnLu Anu 8ulL1 lC8
1PL CuLS1S Cl ASlAn CAMLS PLLu ln 1982Ŧ
W LA1L8 Cn SCLu 1C Þ8lvA1L lnulvluuALS
W 1PL8L A8L 310 PCuSlnC unl1Sţ
CCMÞ8lSlnC 200 lnulvluuAL 1CWn PCuSLS
Anu 300 AÞA81MLn1S ln 1WC S1C8L? 1C
lCu8 S1C8L?Ŧ
W 1PL CCnCLÞ1 lS 8ASLu uÞCn A SLCuLnCL
Cl CÞLn SÞACLS LlnkLu 8? nA88CWţ
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8LC8LA1lCnAL Anu CCMML8ClAL
AC1lvl1lLSŦ
W lnSÞl8A1lCn l8CM 18Aul1lCnAL S18LL1
SCALL CAn 8L SLLn ln nA88CW S18LL1S
LlnklnC 1PL PCuSlnC unl1SŦ
Sl1L ÞLAn
SPLlkP SA8Al PCuSlnCţ
nLW uLLPl
W PCuSlnC Cl 330 AÞA81MLn1S Wl1P Slx
ulllL8Ln1 1?ÞLS Cl unl1S Ŧ
W C8CAnlSLu ln1C 1WC ulS1lnC1 CLuS1L8S Cl
1P8LL Anu lCu8 S1C8L?S ln PLlCP1Ŧ
W 8ASLu Cn 1PL PAvLLl 1?ÞCLCC? Anu
18Aul1lCnAL ÞA11L8nS Cl u88An SÞACLSŦ
nA88CW SPAuLu S18LL1S Wl1P vA8lL1? Cl
CLuS1L8SŦ
ÞLAnS
Sl1L ÞLAn
vlLW
LlS8Cn lSLMAlLl CLn18Lţ
ÞC81uCAL
W ueslan ls based on Lhree lnLerconnecLed
enclosed aardensŦ
W 1he enLrance courLvard ls derlved on Lhe
prlnclple of 'Char baah' wlLh flowerlna planLs
and runnlna waLer Lo Lransform Lhe mood of
Lhe vlsLorŦ
W Þlnk aranlLe ls used ln con[uncLlon wlLh sLeel
as a sLrucLural maLerlalŦ
ÞLAn
SLC1lCnS
ÞA8LlAMLn1 Ll88A8?ţ
nLW uLLPl
W 1PL CLn18AL PALL Cl 1PL LxlS1lnC
ÞA8LlAMLn1 lS LlnkLu 1C 1PL CLn18AL CC8L
Cl 1PL CCMÞLLx S?M8CLlSlnC knCWLLuCL Cn
A CLn18AL AxlSţ 1P8CuCP A SLCuLnCL Cl
SÞACLS CuLMlnA1lnC ln A nLW Auul1C8luM
lC8 1ţ100 ÞL8SCnS
W 1PL PLlCP1 Cl 8ulLulnC lS 8LS18lC1Lu 1C
ÞCuluM LLvLL Cl ÞA8LlAMLn1 LxCLÞ1 Cl
CLAZLu C8?S1ALLlnL lC8MS C8 uCMLS WPlCP
Þ8C18uuL A8CvL l1
W ll8S1 CCu81 Au!ClnS 1PL MÞ'S 8LAulnC 8CCM Anu 8ÞS1
CCMMl11LL 8CCM S?M8CLlSlnC 1PL Ll8L81? Cl 1PCuCP1ţ
LxÞ8LSSlCnţ8LLlLlţ lAl1P Anu WC8SPlÞŦ
W SLCCnu CCu81 lS LnCLCSLu 8? 1PL MŦÞŦ'S ulnlnC PALL
CLu8 8CCM Anu 1PL Auul1C8luMŦ 1PL CCu81?A8u PAS A
8lC 18LL S?M8CLlZlnC !uS1lCLŴSCClALţ LCCnCMlC Anu
ÞCLl1lCALŦ
W 1Pl8u CCu81 Su88CunuLu 8? 1PL MuSLuM Anu
Auul1C8luM Anu l1S SÞACL CAn 8L u1lLlZLu lC8
Cu1uCC8 LxPl8l1lCnS A8Cunu 1PL WA1L8 WPlCP
8LÞ8LSLn1S LCuALl1? S1A1uS Anu CÞÞC81unl1?Ŧ
rs ng Commsson nousngŴ
New De|I
W 1he LwoŴsLorev houses are arranaed around a squareţ whlch conLalns a
clrcular paLhwav alvlna access Lo all unlLsŦ 1he demarcaLlon of cenLral
enclosures ls clearlv esLabllshed bv framed aaLewavs wlLh pedesLrlan
passaaes connecLlna Lhe slLe Lo aaraaes on Lwo ends ad[olnlna perlpheral
roadsŦ
W
W Lach dwelllna unlL has a prlvaLe enclosed aarden aL Lhe rearţ whlch reflecLs
Lhe LradlLlonal 8rlLlsh Lerrace houslnaŦ
W
W 1he archlLecLural lanauaae of Lhe houslna complex ls based on enerav
savlna devlcesţ eŦaŦ deep seL wlndowsţ shaded balconles verandahsţ roof
umbrellas and overhanas whlch keep Lhe walls roof and alazlna proLecLed
from Lhe harsh alare of Lhe sunŦ
W
W 1he LexLure of sLone and lLs chanalna colours forms an lmporLanL feaLure
of deslan compllmenLlna Lhe naLural follaae on Lhe slLeŦ
nehru Memorlal Þavlllonţ new uelhlţ
lndla
u|dng @½e Ŵ Lxon ¥ear Ŵ 1972 1he Þavlllon ls deslaned Lo house exhlblLs
on Lhe llfe and Llmes of former Þrlme MlnlsLer !awaharlal nehruŦ 1he bulldlna ls
embedded ln a arassv mound of earLhŦ
1he deslan for Lhe Þavlllon ls lnsplred bv Lhe earllesL 8uddhlsL SLupaƌs ln nepalţ
earLh mounds conLalnlna rellcs of 8uddhaŦ 1he clrculaLlon svsLem for Lhe
exhlblLlon ls based on ƌÞarlkramaƌţ Lhe movemenL around Lhe cenLral sLrucLure
and Lhe plan resembles CosmoŴaraphs called ƌMandalasƌŦ
1he exhlblLlon hall lLself ls arranaed on Lwo levelsţ wlLh Lhe upper level conLalnlna
Lhe Audlo vlsual room around Lhe perlmeLerţ and a sLepped roof ln Lhe cenLre for
exhlblLlonsŦ lour corner wlndows aL Lhe upper level allow venLllaLlon for Lhe
lower spacesţ whlle Lhe sLepped roofţ ln form of a naLural pvramldţ has alass brlcks
provldlna subdued naLural llahLŦ

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