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• Company • ERP Software package
– R/2 – R/3
• Integration • Best business practices
Why not ERP?
• Complexity • Cost
Client / Server ABAP/4 Workflow Project System Human Resources Industry Solutions .SAP R/3 System Business Modules Logistical Sales & Distribution Financial Accounting Financial Materials Mgmt. Controlling Production Planning R/3 Quality Mgmt. Plant Maintenance Fixed Assets Mgmt.
R/3 System: Hardware/Software Views .
tier Distributed System Two .tier Client/Server Three .Typical Client Server Architectures Presentation Application Database Central System Two .tier Client/Server Multi-layer Cooperative Client/Server .
one host is responsible for all processing tasks.R/3 System Configurations Central System 2-Tier Configuration SAP 3-Tier Configuration Web-enabled Presentation Presentation Internet Transaction Service/Web Service Application Database. . Application. Presentation Database and Application Database In a central R/3 System configuration.
.R/3 System Configurations Central Systems 2-Tier Configuration SAP 3-Tier Configuration Web-enabled Presentation Presentation Internet Transaction Service/Web Service Application Database. for example. as presentation servers. Application. Many R/3 System users use PCs with Microsoft Windows -installed. Presentation Database and Application Database Two-tier R/3 System configurations are usually implemented using special presentation servers that are responsible solely for formatting the graphical interface.
Presentation Database and Application Database An alternative two-tier configuration is to install powerful desktop systems and to use these for presentation and applications (two-tier client/server).R/3 System Configurations Central Systems SAP 3-Tier Configuration Web-enabled 2-Tier Configuration Presentation Presentation Internet Transaction Service/Web Service Application Database. This type of configuration is particularly useful for expensive applications (such as simulations) or for software developers. Application. .
you can use special application servers for individual application areas such as sales planning. several different application servers can operate at the same time. . Application. Presentation Database and Application Database In a three-tier configuration.R/3 System Configurations Central Systems 2-Tier Configuration SAP 3-Tier Configuration Web-enabled Presentation Presentation Internet Transaction Service/Web Service Application Database. you use your own host for the three tiers. Using data from the database server. distribution or financial accounting. To ensure that the load on individual servers is as even as possible and to achieve optimal performance.
The presentation in this configuration is provided by an Internet Browser. Application. Presentation Database and Application Database To web-enable the SAP Applications. The new SAP Web platform is NetWeaver. The web-service and the services for the ITS can run on one server or on two dedicated servers. a Web Server and an ITS (Internet Transaction Server) are needed. .R/3 System Configurations Central Systems 2-Tier Configuration SAP 3-Tier Configuration Web-enabled Presentation Presentation Internet Transaction Service/Web Service Application Database.
Basis System: Three-Tier Computer Hierarchy Central Database (Storage of all data) Access to Dataase: (Read / Write data) Database Input / Output of data to users Processing of data using application logic Application Presentation Presentation of the processed data to the user .
Client/Server Overview Server LAN/WAN TCP / IP Client .
Client/Server Overview (Logical Structure) Server Data Storage Application Logic Client Presentation .
W h a t d o e s a n R /3 D a ta b a s e C o n ta in ? R /3 S y s te m d a ta b a s e C lie n t C lie n t C lie n t C u s to m izin g O b je c ts R e p o s ito ry O b je c ts G lo b a l S e ttin g s SAP AG R .
” r s e r re c o r e t s d user Ma r a u th s e s o r iz a U tio n u C lie n t n g c u n t-d e p e n d i z i ent s to m om iz in g Cust d a ta Ap t io n a c i l p tra n s a c tio n m ast e r d a d a ta ta R c lie SAP AG .W h a t is a C lie n t? “A c lie n t is a n a u to n o m o u s u n it in th e R /3 S y s te m w ith re g a rd to c o m m e rc ia l la w . a n d d a ta . o rg a n iza tio n .
Sample SAP System Landscape Development Database Servers Testing Production Application Servers Presentation Servers .
Object Migration Corrections and Transport Development QA Testing Production Program A Table A Screen A Program A Table A Screen A Program A Table A Screen A .
Object Migration Development Corrections and Transport QA Testing Program A Version 1 Program A Version 2 Program A Version 3 Program A Version 1 Program A Version 2 Program A Version 3 ? ? Originals .
Geography-based Clients America Europe Japan Client 010 Client 020 Client 030 R/3 Europe R/3 America R/3 Japan .
Client Copies Configuration Development Quality Assurance Interface Testing User Training .
ERP: Integration Integrate people. data and business processes within and between organizations. Collaboration. consistency and internal process optimization. . non-redundancy.
Purchase Order .Procurement Process Outline Agreement Purchase Requisition Demand Vendor Scheduling Agreement Accounts Payable Invoice Verification Goods Receipt & Inventory Mgmt.
Production Process Schedule/Release Goods Issue Shop Floor Order Settlement Goods Receipt .
Sales Process — Trading Goods Customer Order Picking Packing Accounts Receivable Billing Goods Issue .
Sales Process Finished Goods Availability Check Customer Order Goods Issue Final Payment Partial Payment Billing .
Sales Process Finished Goods Availability Check .Insufficient Customer Order Independent Demand Dependent Demand MRP Run Production Scheduling Purchasing .
Process Flow Goods Issue to Shop Floor Production Goods Receipt Accounts Receivable Billing Goods Issue .
Logging In • Basics .
• This number defines a whole business entity. .Client • This is a numeric field.
. which means that having a user identification on one client will only allow access to that particular client. • Users of SAP system are client-specific.User • Every SAP user has a user name.
Password Rules • • • • • • • Letters Numbers Easy to remember 3-8 Characters long No 3 Characters can be the same Do not start with a ? or an ! Do not use previous 5 passwords .
. at the same time.Language • SAP supports multi-national character sets and languages on the same system. • Default languages are English and German.
Field Types • There are three types of Entry Fields – Required – Default entry – Optional entry field .
• A User may have up to nine sessions open at one time.Sessions • An SAP session is a window in which the user may perform a particular task. .
SAP R/3 Resource Management: The Dispatcher Presentation SAP GUI Application Dispatcher Communications Work Process Work Process Work Process Buffers Data base .
SAP R/3 Resource Management: Data Flow Presentation Terminal Process SAP GUI 1 Application Dispatcher 7 2 6 Work Process Request queues SAP Memory Buffer Roll Page 3 4 Data base 5 Relational database system .
SAP R/3 Resource Management: Work Processes A Dialog Update B Message Sold to party: C100 Item Material Qty 10 6301 10 20 6412 10 30 1507 25 Sold to party: C100 Item Material Qty 10 6301 10 20 6412 10 30 1507 25 Order Order M Sold to party: C100 Item Material Qty 10 6301 10 20 6412 10 30 1507 25 Sold to party: C100 Item Material Qty 10 6301 10 20 6412 10 30 1507 25 Order Order Background Jobs 1999 1 5 12 19 26 6 13 20 27 7 14 21 28 8 15 22 29 2 9 16 23 30 3 10 17 24 31 4 11 18 25 SAP Dispatcher Enqueue Gateway C Spool R/3 R/2 G .
SAP R/3 Resource Management: Lock Management by the Enqueue Work Process Instance A Dispatcher Message Server Work Process Update Work Process Enqueue Instance B Dispatcher Lock table in Work Process main storage Update Work Process Enqueue .
..SAP R/3 Resource Management: R/3 Instance Database Instance Instance Profiles (parameters) Message Server SAP Gateway Dispatcher Background Dialog . Update Spool Enqueue SAP Buffers Start or Stop ..
SAP R/3 Resource Management: Distributed SAP R/3 Processing Instance 03 Dispatcher Background Dispatcher Instance 02 Dialog Enqueue Enqueue Dialog . Instance 01 Dispatcher Message Gateway Dialog Update Enqueue Spool ...
Reporting • Three basic steps to running a report – Access the report – Enter selection criteria – Execute the report .
I – Information – Feedback from the system.System Messages E . .Error – An invalid entry has been made. –The user can continue without changing. W .Warning – A possible error has been made. – The cursor moves to the field where the error has occurred.
required entries. tolerances.Customizing .Customers. Materials.Modeling the Business – Organizational Structures in each module – Master Data . … – Rules . … .
Mapping – Assignment of organizational structures to reflect the enterprise model – Establishes integration among modules .
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