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HSES Training Department
Potential Hazards Welding Operations Safe Welding Operating Procedures Personal Protective Equipment Cutting Operations Gas Cylinder Storage Safe Operating Procedure - Cutting Hot Work
³Cutting´ refers to an operation involving the used of compressed oxygen-acetylene / oxygenpropane equipment. .WELDING & CUTTING The term ³Arc Welding" refers to all types of welding that require a source of electrical current to operate.
slag. hot and molten metal. 2. Explosion or Flash fires . Contact with extreme heat. 5. Fires caused by flying sparks or molten metal. Occupational ill health from ultra violate radiation and smokes emitted from welding and cutting operation. (Welding Operation Only) 3.POTENTIAL HAZARDS 1. Electrocution from faulty equipment and wet body. 4. or burns from sparks.
WELDING Welding operations emit a very intense ultraviolet radiation/light This light can cause severe burns to unprotected skin Painful flash burns to the eyes .
Do not use wet gloves or bare hands to change electrodes. . Electrode holders for broken insulators or worn holders. Do not use equipment that is wet.WELDING Equipment Inspections: Inspect welding cables & grounding / earthing straps for broken or damaged insulation.
Welding Near Wood & Flammables .
Safe Welding Operations require that: A Hot Work permit has been raised The surrounding area has been Inspected & Checked All combustible & Flammable materials have been removed. have been inspected and checked Note: Electrical equipment will only be repaired or serviced by qualified electricians. All welding equipment and accessories. .
.Welding curtain to contain sparks and UV light away from other personnel.
Safe Welding Operations require that: (cont¶d.) Inspect & check Fire Extinguisher is in place. Equipment has been inspected & certified by JGC ME.. Welding Screen is in position to protect other workers from the ultra violet rays. Fire Watchmen is on stand-by. trailing cables have been removed. All Tripping Hazards ie. . standAppropriate PPE is being used.
Welding Equipment Welding equipment will be inspected to ensure that The following. Electrical and welding cables. are in a good working condition: Grounding / Earthing strap Earth leakage circuit breaker. Electrode holder .
Tripping Hazards .
tanks. or other hot work shall never be performed on drums. cutting. welding machines will be switched off and electrodes removed from their holders . barrels. When left unattended. or any containers until they have been cleaned thoroughly to ensure that there are no flammable vapors present.REMEMBER! Welding.
PPE Fire resistant gloves Fire resistant clothing protect from sparks and hot metal. (Welding Helmet) . Safety Shoes Full face protection with filtered lens.
Eye/Face Protection Choose a helmet that fits tightly so that light can not enter or be reflected into the helmet Wear helmet correctly. replace if scratched or damaged When removing/grinding slag from welds. do not hold in the hand Use correct filter lens. eye face protection is required as well other PPE .
shall be worn when required . Refer to MSDS information to determine what the hazards are with regards to respiratory protection Respiratory protection. when heated by welding give off fumes Some coatings used on pipes or steel can also give off fumes if heated.Respiratory Protection Certain metals.
hot metal. sparks and slag Keep clothing clean of oil and grease Use only approved welding gloves Do not wear rings or jewelry Do not wear synthetic clothing. this fabric can burn/melt .PPE Wear the correct clothing to protect from UV radiation.
.Workers performing arc welding operations with the correct PPE.
. hose.Cutting An oxyacetylene welding / cutting unit is made up of: cylinders of oxygen and acetylene. regulators. fitted with flash back arrestors and non return valves a torch.
in pneumatic tools to start internal combustion engines to blow out pipelines to dust off clothing or work area to create pressure for ventilation REMEMBER. OXYGEN IS NOT AIR!!!!! .Never use oxygen«««.
Oxygen (green) Acetylene (red) Neoprene over braided inner section Flame retardant.HOSE Usually colour coded . but will burn Hoses are graded .
Flash Back Arrestor to prevent back flow .
V.A. F.A.Oxyacetylene Welding/Cutting Equipment SAFETY REQUIREMENT FOR GAS CYLINDERS On the Torch Oxygen Cylinder Acetylene C.O. Flexible Hose N RV Cylinder COV = Cut off Valve FA = Flame Arrestor NRV = Non Return Valve . Flexible Hose N RV On the Torch C.V.O. F.
Oxyacetylene Welding Equipment .
Missile Effect of falling Cylinders .
.Cylinders involved in fires Remains of acetylene cylinder Oxygen cylinder was blown through block cavity wall.
A non-combustible barrier at least 5 feet (1.5m) non- .
Protection against mechanical shocks and heavy falling objects should be provided. far from heat sources and in a fire resistant construction. . Storage indoors should be above ground.Storage of Cylinders Cylinders should not be stored in passages. Storage outdoors should be provided to protect the cylinders bottom from corrosion and from direct sunshine. well ventilated.
Storage of Cylinders cont¶d
Cylinders should be placed in an upright not horizontal position. The caps protecting the isolation valve should stay in place during all times of storage, transportation and movement. Post ³NO SMOKING´ signs Oxygen & fuel gas cylinders should be separated by at least 20¶ (6 meters,) or at 5 feet by a wall 1.5 meter high with a half hour rated fire barrier.
All cylinders must to be stored in a well ventilated area, to prevent any build up of gas. A build up of gas if ignited by Hot work, electricity (short circuit) could cause an explosion or flash fire
Movable Hoods Freely movable hoods intended to be placed by the welder as near as practicable to the work being welded . 100 linear feet per minute velocity in the direction of the hood. .
Transporting Cylinders Always transport cylinders with valve caps in place & secured .
using a sling wrapped around the protective valve cap Roll or drag cylinders Drop or allow cylinders to strike violently against each other or any other objects .Transporting Cylinders Always transport cylinders in approved cylinder transportation cage. NEVER: Move cylinders .
Cylinder laying in a horizontal position. Electrical cord in Contact with the cylinder .
cutting tools and its accessories. Flashback arrestor and non-return valves should nonbe fitted to Gauge outlet and the Torch end of each hose .Safe Operation Procedure for Cutting Operations Hot Work Permit Inspect & Check the surrounding area Remove all combustible materials from the area & protect all plant equipment and cables Inspect and check.
Safe Operation Procedure. .) Procedure Inspect & Check Fire Extinguisher Eliminate Tripping Hazards and trailing hoses . Fire Watchmen Use appropriate PPE Routine Inspection including leak test to be performed by user.. Hoses will not be laid near to electrical or welding cable.Cutting Operations (Contd.
) Procedure- When in doubt.Cutting Operations (Contd. check and confirm with Supervisors before commencing cutting operations Cylinders is properly placed and secured in an approved trolley..Safe Operation Procedure. Use only a spark/flint gun for the ignition of a gas cutting torch ( not lighters or matches) Valve protection cap must be replaced when cylinder is not in use Oil and grease will be kept away from cutting tools and cylinders .
Cutting torch. Valves and gauges.Cutting Tools Parts and accessories to be inspected are: Compressed gas cylinders. Flashback arrestors & NRV Hoses. .
Hot Work Remember! All Hot Work Requires: HOT WORK PERMIT 100% CONTAINMENT OF SPARKS & SLAG FIRE WATCH INSPECTION OF ALL EQUIPMENT .
grease or other flammable substances Use the proper regulator for each specific gas Keep regulators free of oil. they do not act as a fire stop Always keep cylinders in an upright position Never stand in front or behind a regulator when opening the cylinder valve Always make sure area is safe and flammable free General Safety Tips . grease and other flammable substances Check valves stop reverse gas flow.General Safety Tips Never allow oxygen to contact oil.
and allow unit to cool Always work in a well ventilated area Always light the acetylene first Use an approved striker. then the acetylene. immediately turn off the O2.General Safety Tips Always wear protective clothing Use proper eye protection If flashback occurs. never use matches or cigarette lighter .
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