INDIA

ENERGY CONSUMPTION & DEMAND

PRESENTED BY: GAUTAM AHUJA CHEMICAL, 4TH Year 1207535

PRESENTED TO: DR. BODHRAJ H.O.D CHEMICAL DEPTT.

ENERGY SCENARIO 
   



With high economic growth rates and over 15 percent of the worlds population, India is a significant consumer of energy resources. In 2010, India was the fourth largest oil consumer in the world, after the United States, China and Japan. Despite the global financial crisis, India¶s energy demand continues to rise. In terms of end-use, energy demand in the transport sector is expected endto be particularly high, as vehicle ownership, particularly of fourfourwheel vehicles, is forecast to increase rapidly in the years ahead. India lacks sufficient domestic energy resources and imports much of its growing energy requirements. In addition to pursuing domestic oil and gas exploration and production projects, India is also stepping up its natural gas imports, particularly through imports of liquefied natural gas.

MAIN FACTORS OF INDIAS DEVELOPMENT

Agriculture Industrialization IT Revolution

Infrastructure

Globalization

\Energy is the driving force in all of the above factors[

Thermal Energy

Solar Energy

Hydral Energy

Nuclear Energy

Wind Energy

Tidal Energy

INDIAS ENERGY SOURCES

ENERGY CONSUMPTION TRENDS

ENERGY CONSUMPTION ON THE BASIS OF TYPE OF FUEL

SECTOR-WISE ENERGY CONSUMPTION

INDUSTRY-WISE ENERGY CONSUMPTION

TOP SIX ENERGY CONSUMING NATIONS

AN ALARMING SITUATION 

The combination of rising oil consumption and relatively flat production has left India increasingly dependent on imports to meet its petroleum demand. In 2009, India was the sixth largest net importer of oil in the world, importing nearly 2.1 million bbl/d, or about 70 percent, of its oil needs. The EIA expects India to become the fourth largest net importer of oil in the world by 2025, behind the United States, China, and Japan. Nearly 70 percent of India¶s crude oil imports come from the Middle East, primarily from Saudi Arabia, followed by Iran. The Indian government expects this geographical dependence to rise in light of limited prospects for domestic production. 

INDIAS OIL IMPORTS

PREDICTED FUTURE ENERGY DEMANDS

FUEL-WISE ENERGY DEMAND

ENERGY OVERVIEW 
Proven Oil Reserves

5.6 billion barrels 879,000 barrels per day, of which 77% was crude oil. 3.0 million barrels per day 38 trillion cubic feet 1,365 billion cubic feet 1,810 billion cubic feet 62,300 million short tons 613.4 million short tons 680.9 million short tons 159 gigawatts 761 billion kilowatt hours 568 billion kilowatt hours 13.05 quadrillion Btu¶s 19.1 quadrillion Btu¶s, of which Coal (53%), Oil (31%), Natural Gas (8%), Hydroelectricity (6%), Nuclear(1%) 17.0 million Btu¶s

(January 1, 2010)  Oil Production (2009) 

Oil Consumption (2009)  Proven Natural Gas Reserves          

(January 1, 2010) Natural Gas Production (2009) Natural Gas Consumption (2009) Recoverable Coal Reserves (2005) Coal Production (2009) Coal Consumption (2009) Electricity Installed Capacity (2007) Electricity Generation (2007) Electricity Consumption (2007) Total Energy Production (2007) *Total Energy Consumption (2007) 

Total Per Capita Energy Consumption (2007)

ENERGY IN INDIA FOR COMING DECADES 

The reforms initiated in India since the beginning of the nineties have led to rapid economic progress and better growth rates. Studies by several academics and consultants forecast continued high growth rate for the next several decades. Wilson and Purushothaman write, ³India has the potential to show the fastest growth over the next 30 to 50 years. Growth rate could be higher than 5 percent over the next 30 years and close to 5 percent as late as 2050 if development proceeds successfully.´ For a large country like India with its over one billion population and rapid economic growth rate, no single energy resource or technology constitutes a panacea to address all issues related to availability of fuel supplies, environmental impact, particularly, climate change and health externalities. Therefore, it is necessary that all non-carbon emitting resources become an nonintegral part of an energy mix ± as diversified as possible ± to ensure energy security to a country like India during the present century. Available sources are low carbon fossil fuels, renewables and nuclear energy and all these should be subject of increased level of research, development, demonstration and deployment.   

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