Principles of Sustainable Architecture

Principles of Sustainable Architecture

Sustainable Systems

biomass. By definition. etc. human activity is only environmentally sustainable when it can be performed or maintained indefinitely without depleting natural resources or degrading the natural environment.) .Environmental Sustainability Environmental Sustainability To leave the Earth in as good or better shape for future generations than we found it for ourselves. ‡Resource consumption would be minimal ‡Materials consumed would be made of post-consumer recycled materials or from renewable resources (which were harvested without harm to the environment and without depletion of the resource base) ‡Recycling of waste streams ‡Energy would be conserved and energy supplies would be renewable and non-polluting (solar thermal and electric. wind power.

from the Great Law of the Iroquois Confederacy . definition created in 1987 at the World Commission on Environment and Development (the Brundtland Commission).Sustainability Development that meets the needs of the present without compromising the ability of future generations to meet their own needs. we must consider the impact of our decisions on the next seven generations³. It is similar to the "seventh generation" philosophy of the Native American Iroquois Confederacy ÄIn our every deliberation.

Three Dimensions of µSustainability¶ .

quality of life y Benefits to disadvantaged groups e. effluent generation.g. emissions to environment y Reduced impact on human health y Use of renewable raw materials y Elimination of toxic substances Social dimensions of sustainability y Worker health and safety y Impacts on local communities.Economic dimensions of sustainability: y Creation of new markets and opportunities for sales growth y Cost reduction through efficiency improvements and reduced energy and raw material inputs Environmental dimensions of sustainability y Reduced waste. disabled .

µSustainable Building¶. ground. energyefficient buildings and developments by effectively managing natural resources. µGreen Building¶. and air. and disposal. in their manufacture. µEcological Building¶ Ecological Building A movement in contemporary architecture which aims to create environmentally friendly. . µEnvironmental Architecture¶. This entails passively and actively harnessing solar energy and using materials which. application. do the least possible damage to the so-called 'free resources' water.

‡ Integrated design. Additional measures are to be taken to clean and revitalize interior air with filtration and plantings . social and environmental performance ‡ All the resources that go into building: materials. that is design where each component is considered part of a greater whole. All possible measures are to be taken to relate the form and plan of the design to the site. is critical to successful sustainable design. cost less to operate and maintain. energy saving architectural features. energy conserving building envelope. and plumbing systems) ‡ Consider the entire life cycle of buildings: cradle to grave (ecologically benign materials. embedded energy. the region and the climate. they last longer. disposal) ‡ Environmental Form. operational energy. Sustainable design is "front loaded" compared with traditional design (early decisions have more impact) Healthful Interior Environment. electrical. ‡ Most green buildings are high-quality buildings. All possible measures are to be taken to ensure that materials and building systems do not emit toxic substances and gasses into the interior atmosphere. ‡ Building practices towards integral quality -including economic. and provide greater occupant satisfaction than standard developments. ‡ Sustainable design is more of a philosophy of building than a prescriptive building style. ‡ Planning and design should be thorough. fuels or the contribution of the users need to be considered.Expand the classical building design concerns and incorporate the following‡ Lessen impact on environment through energy and resource efficiency (conserve or eliminate energy use. and energy-efficient and health-promoting mechanical. embodied energy.

the embodied energy and toxicity of the materials.Essentials of Sustainable Design ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ Understanding Place ± nuances of place. Designers are also listening to the voices of local communities.evaluating the site. and the energy efficiency of design. natural systems are made of closed loops Understanding Environmental Impact .eg µwaste¶. preservation of the natural environment. Design charrettes for the end user Understanding People . sensitivity and empathy on the needs of the people and community ‡ ‡ . engineers and other experts happens early in the design process.cultures. religions and habits of the people who are going to be using and inhabiting the built environment. instead of an afterthought. races. solar orientation of a building on the site. materials and construction techniques Embracing Co-creative Design Processes . access to public transport) Connecting with Nature ± Understanding Natural Processes .collaboration with systems consultants.

.." -. political. Auburn University . and sense of place. durability. Consideration must be given to the needs of our communities and the ecosystem that supports them. longevity.Sustainable Architecture« "Sustainable architecture involves a combination of values: aesthetic. The challenge is finding the balance between environmental considerations and economic constraints. The smart architect thinks rationally about a combination of issues including sustainability. environmental. appropriate materials. social. and moral.Samuel Mockbee.

Design & Construction 3. Production & Transport of Materials (embedded and embodied energy) 2.Stages of Architectural Intervention 1. Use: Operation and Maintenance 4. Disposal .

and materials) ‡ Building Form ‡ Waste ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ . light.Our Concern Climate Site Energy (electricity. gas) Materials Thermal Comfort (the behaviour of heat. air.

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