‡ We are living beyond our means. As a people we have developed a life-style that is draining the earth of its priceless and irreplaceable resources without regard for the future of our children and people all around the world (Margaret Mead,1901 - 1978), U.S. anthropologist. ‡ The restorative economy unites ecology and commerce into one sustainable act of production and distribution that mimics and enhances natural processes (Paul Hawken), U.S. author. ‡ The policy challenge of sustainable development consists of finding a path towards a positive social and ecological coevolution. (Richard Norgaard,1943 - ) U.S. author. ‡ We're willing to place some bets because the world cannot avoid needing sustainability in the long run (Robert B. Shapiro,(1938 - ) U.S. business executive. ‡ Longevity is the revenge of talent upon genius (Cyril Connolly,1903 - 1974), British writer and journalist. ‡ Sustainable development challenges the entire industrial and commercial system to restructure itself (Warren Bennis,1925 - ), U.S. educationalist and writer.

‡ The 1987 Brundtland Commission on Environment and Development defined sustainable development as "development that meets the needs of the present, without compromising the ability of future generations to meet their own needs." The ideal of sustainable development is not confined to agriculture, but agriculture is an important part of it. ‡ A key concept of sustainable farming : environmental capacity, determined by assessing how much use a particular environment can withstand before it starts to decline in productivity. The overall aim is for an agriculture that maintains the integrity of agro-ecosystems through a reduced dependence on chemicals, greater care of the soil, and conservation of water

‡ The ownership of land is not always clear in law ‡ Rising rents and other costs ‡ The development of dams for hydroelectric power and water conservancy projects, the conduct of forestry and mining, the establishment of parks, the construction of transportation corridors, and the growth of urban centers (World Bank) ‡ Only a revolution in attitudes concerning the uses of land, and the long-term consequences of those uses, will optimize benefits for the greatest number of the planet's inhabitants, including humans.

‡ capitalism, ‡ Christianity, ‡ colonialism, ‡ development, ‡ the population explosion, ‡ science and technology, ‡ patriarchal culture

‡ A Holistic response to the environmental crisis that makes much needed connection between nature, culture, values, power relationship, and technology ‡ An idea that absorbs our genuine hope to create cultures and places with enough integrity to persist for our grandchildren and beyond

Two Approaches
‡ The province of global policy-makers and environmental expert flying at thirty-five thousand feet from conference to conference (technological sustainability) ‡ The domain of grassroots environmental and social groups, indigenous peoples preserving traditional practice, and people committed to changing their own communities (ecological sustainability)

Characteristics of ecological sustainability

‡ People are finite and fallible ‡ Sustainable word can be redesigned and rebuilt only from the bottom up ‡ Traditional knowledge that coevolves out of culture and place is critical asset ‡ The true harvest of evolution is encoded in nature¶s design

‡ Design as the intentional shaping of matter, energy and process to meet a perceived need or desire ‡ Design is hinge that inevitably connects culture and nature through exchanges of materials, flows of energy, and chices of land use ‡ The designers are : architects, landscape architects, city planners, farmers, chemical engineers, industrial designers, interior decorators, others.

Environment vs. Design
‡ The environmental crisis is a design crisis ‡ It is a consequence of things are made, buildings are constructed, and landscape are used ‡ Neglected its relationship with our fellow creatures ‡ Degrade the living world, our own healt ‡ Standardized solution

Dumb design
‡ Design that fails to consider the health of human communities or of ecosystem, let alone the prerequisites of creating an actual place. ‡ Wasteful of energy and resources ‡ Polluting, extravagant, profoundly dangerous ‡ Respect to cost or convenience, neglecting environmental consideration

Environmental criteria of design process ‡ to salvage as many building materials as possible during the construction process ‡ to design the renovated building it self to be easily recyclable ‡ to maximize daylighting and passive solar heating ‡ to use nontoxic paints and finishes ‡ to facilitate the recycling of office materials during the entire life of building

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