Judan Syamsul Hadad (15
Menganalisis hasil kebudayaan manusia purba di Indonesia. Mengidentifikasi periodisasi perkembangan budaya pada masyarakat prasejarah di Indonesia.
Memahami perbedaan hasil kebudayaan di Indonesia.
Prehistorical Age Bronze Age Iron Age
and other materials were widely used as well. In 1859. lasting about 2. bone.
. Jens Jacob Worsaae divided Stone Age into three parts.5 million years. In this age. stone is widely used as the basic material for making tools. shell. antler. Wood.Stone Age
Stone Age is a broad prehistoric period.
In this age. and wood even though the tools were roughly made. the name was derived from palaios which means old and lithos which means stone.
Pacitan Culture Paleolithic Ngandong Culture
Paleolithic also know as Palaeolithic. Homo erectus live in this time of age. bone. humans started to develop tools from stone. Also.
Tambangsawah (Bengkulu). Awang Bangkal (South Borneo). Cabenge (South Sulawesi). and many more. Kalianda (Lampung). Sembiran. The tools were also found in the surrounding area such as Sukabumi (West Java).Pacitan Culture
The handmade tools from Pacitan Culture are axes and flakes.
. Lahat (South Sumatera).
. The tools are handheld axe. as well as in Sangriran (Central Java) and Cabenge (South Sulawesi).Ngandong Culture
The stone tools were also found in Ngandong and the surrounding area. flakes. and stone stiletto.
Based on the location.000 ² 10. In this age.
.000 years ago.Mesolithic
This era started from the end of the ice age. The special characteristic of this age was the leftover of shell (Kjokkenmoddinger) which stated. that they lived in the coast. they still used tools from Paleolithic. the culture was divided into three. Around 6.
harvesting and processing of crops (such as sickle blades and grinding stones) and food production (pottery. There were two cultures in this age. SquareShaped Axe Culture RoundShaped Axe Culture
. Neolithic peoples were capable of manufacturing a range of tools necessary for the tending. was characterized from the adaptation of agriculture. also known as The New Stone Age.Neolithic
Neolithic. bone implements).
Sulawesi.Square-Shaped Axe Culture
This axe was found in Sumatera.
. and Borneo. Java. Bali. Maluku. The archeologist thought that this axe was a symbol for a ritual.
.Round-Shaped Axe Culture
Round-Shaped Axe is an axe which in the tip of the axe was sharp. And the small one·s name was Kleinbeil. The big one·s name was Walzenbeil. Most of the axes were found in Papua.
Grave Stone Coffin
. the monumental buildings were more advanced than in Neolithic. Megalithic was a part of Neolithic. This age occurred until the beginning of Bronze Age.Megalithic
Actually. In this age.
The core of Menhir was roughly made. Menhir can be found in South Sumatera. Central Sulawesi.Menhir
Was a large monument made of stone. and Borneo.
. Most of the sarcophagus can be found in Bali.Sarcophagus
Was a stone shaped like a mortar.
Dolmen can be found in Bondowoso (East Java).Dolmen
Was a large stone that was made to look like table.
.Grave Stone Coffin
Was a building shaped like a coffin with four pillars. They can be found in Sumatera and Kuningan (West Java).
Was a building of worship with a multilevel structure.
. This could either be based on the local smelting of copper and tin from ores.Bronze Age
Bronze Age of any culture is the period during which the most advanced metalworking (at least in systematic and widespread use) in that culture uses bronze. or trading for bronze from production areas elsewhere.
Iron Age is the period in any area during which cutting tools and weapons were mainly made of iron or steel. including differing agricultural practices.
. religious beliefs and artistic styles. The Iron Age is the last principal period in the three-age system for classifying ancient societies. The adoption of this material coincided with other changes in society.
Because there wasn·t so many difference between the tools from bronze age and iron age. In Indonesia. stone age and bronze age. the archeologist thought that there were only 2 great ages.Conclusion
Each era had it·s own characteristic.