Cloud computing is Internet- ("CLOUD-") based development and use of computer technology ("COMPUTING"). Cloud computing is a general term for anything that involves delivering hosted services over the Internet. It is used to describe both a platform and type of application. Cloud computing also describes applications that are extended to be accessible through the Internet. These cloud applications use large data centers and powerful servers that host Web applications and Web services.

´ . mobile devices.User of the cloud only care about the service or information they are accessing . or anything else connected to the Internet .be it from their PCs.not about the underlying details of how the cloud works.

History The Cloud is a metaphor for the Internet. . It was a hot topic by mid-2008 and numerous cloud computing events had been scheduled. The Cloud was already in commercial use around the turn of the 21st century. The concept was discovered by john McCarthy in 1960. derived from its common depiction in network diagrams as a cloud outline.

They are as follows: Customer perspective Vendor perspective .DRIVING CLOUD COMPUTING The CLOUD COMPUTING is driving in two types.

simpler.In one word: economics. 2.Faster.No upfront capital required for servers and storage.Customer perspective 1. 5.No ongoing for operational expenses for running datacenter.Application can be run from anywhere. . 3. 4. cheaper to use cloud computation.

3. .Ability to use commodity server and storage hardware.Ability to drive down data center operational cots. 4.Easier for application vendors to reach new customers. 2.Lowest cost way of delivering and supporting applications.Vendor perspective 1.

Platform-as-a-service (PAAS) 3. They are. 1.Infrastructure-as-a-service (IAAS) 2.TYPES OF SERVICES: These services are broadly categorized into three divisions.Software-as-a-service (SAAS) .

. Because customers can pay for exactly the amount of service they use. Customers benefit from an API from which they can control their servers. like for electricity or water.Infrastructure-as-a-Service (IaaS): Infrastructure-as-a-Service(IaaS) like Amazon Web Services provides virtual servers with unique IP addresses and blocks of storage on demand. this service is also called utility computing.

this service is also called utility computing. .Platform-as-a-Service (PaaS): Infrastructure-as-a-Service(IaaS) like Amazon Web Services provides virtual servers with unique IP addresses and blocks of storage on demand. Customers benefit from an API from which they can control their servers. This is because customers can pay for exactly the amount of service they use like for electricity or water.

 In this case the provider allows the customer only to use its applications.Software-as-a-Service (SaaS):  Software-as-a-Service (SaaS) is the broadest market.   These applications can be anything from web based email. to applications like Twitter or Last. . The software interacts with the user through a user

. via web applications/web services It is from an off-site third-party provider who shares the resources and bills on a fine-grained utility computing . self-service over the Internet.TYPES BY VISIBILITY: Public cloud: Public cloud or external cloud describes computing in the traditional mainstream sense. Here the resources are dynamically provisioned on a fine-grained.

or other hardware such as a network appliance acting as a firewall or spam filter.HYBRID CLOUD:  A hybrid cloud environment consisting of multiple internal and/or external providers"will be typical for most enterprises". For example. Hybrid cloud can describe configuration combining a local device. routers.such as a Plug computer with cloud services. It can also describe configurations combining virtual and physical.    . a mostly virtualized environment that requires physical servers. colocated assets.

capitalising on data security and reliability concerns. @ For example in reference toplatform as a service offerings. . though such offerings including Microsoft'sAzure Services Platform are not available for on-premises deployment. @ These ( virtualisation automation) products claim to "deliver some benefits of cloud computing without pitfalls".Private cloud: @ Private cloud and internal cloud are neologisms that some vendors have recently used to describe offerings that emulate cloud computing on private networks.

predicting climate change. and large companies to tackle enormously complex calculations for such tasks as simulating nuclear explosions. and analyzing which proteins in the body are likely to bind with potential new drugs .WORKING OF CLOUD COMPUTING: Supercomputers today are used mainly by the military. . universities and research labs. government intelligence agencies. designing airplanes.

. even powering immersive computer games.WORKING: Cloud computing aims to apply that kind of power measured in the tens of trillions of computations per second to problems like analyzing risk in financial portfolios delivering personalized medical information. in a way that users can tap through the Web.


Commercial clouds .



How many laptops do we need to lose before we get this? How many backup tapes? The data landmines of today could be greatly reduced by the Cloud as thin client technology becomes prevalent Small.1.and in my view they are right. EXAMPLE: full disk encryption. . CENTRALIZED DATA Reduced Data Leakage: This is the benefit I hear most from Cloud providers . temporary caches on handheld devices or Net book computers pose less risk than transporting data buckets in the form of laptops.

.Monitoring benefits Central storage is easier to control and monitor. However. The flipside is the nightmare scenario of comprehensive data theft. You can get the benefits of Thin Clients today but Cloud Storage provides a way to centralize the data faster and potentially cheaper. I would rather spend my time as a security professional figuring out smart ways to protect and monitor access to data stored in one place .

INCIDENT RESPONSE / FORENSICS       Forensic readiness Decrease evidence acquisition time Eliminate or reduce service downtime Decrease evidence transfer time Eliminate forensic image verification time Decrease time to access protected documents .2.

PASSWORD ASSURANCE TESTING (AKA CRACKING) Decrease password cracking time: If your organization regularly tests password strength by running password crackers you can use Cloud Compute to decrease crack time and you only pay for what you use. your cracking costs go up as people choose better passwords . Ironically. .3.

LOGGING  Unlimited . Improve log indexing and search. Getting compliant with Extended logging. pay per drink storage.   .4.

IMPROVE THE STATE OF SECURITY SOFTWARE (PERFORMANCE) Drive vendors to create more efficient security software :    Billable CPU cycles get noticed.: poorly tuned security agents.5. More attention will be paid to inefficient processes. E.g. . Security vendors that understand how to squeeze the most performance from their software will win.

6. SECURE BUILDS  Pre-hardened. change control builds Easier to test impact of security changes Reduce exposure through patching offline   .

Even with Platform as a Service (PaaS) where your developers get to write code. there are potential cost economies of scale. SECURITY TESTING Reduce cost of testing security:    A (SaaS) provider only passes on a portion of their security testing costs. By sharing the same application as a service.7. you don t foot the expensive security code review and/or penetration test. .

Cloud computing is an example of an ultimately virtualized system. and a natural evolution for Data centers that employ automated systems management. A cloud infrastructure can be a cost efficient model for delivering information services. workload balancing.    . and virtualization technologies.BENEFITS Cloud computing infrastructures can allow enterprises to achieve more efficient use of their IT Hardware and software investments.

BigGyan. Software plus services (Microsoft Online Services) Storage [Distributed]   Content distribution (BitTorrent. Salesforce.Application       Peer-to-peer / volunteer computing (BOINC. Twitter. Live Mesh. YouTube. Zoho. Yammer) Security as a service (MessageLabs. ZumoDrive .Learn. ScanSafe. Zscaler) Software as a service (Google Apps. SpiderOak.Nivio. Skype) Web applications (Webmail. Amazon CloudFront) Synchronisation (Dropbox.

CONCLUSION  In my view. not all Cloud providers will offer the same security. Clearly. there are some strong technical security arguments in favor of Cloud Computing . We believe the Cloud offers Small and Medium Businesses major potential security benefits.    . Some benefits depend on the Cloud service used and therefore do not apply across the board.assuming we can find ways to manage the risks.

com/ Cloud es/hipods/ Goggle suggest How stuff .REFERENCES           Web IBM http://www.

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