timing and lift of the intake and exhaust valves relative to the engine speed. € .What is VVT? VVT= Variable Valve Timing € Enable to have both low-end torque and high-end power € increase fuel efficiency by varying the duration.

y adjust the valve lift (distance which a valve opens) depending on the engine speeds. .How VVT helps? € By three main approach: y varying the duration of intake valve opens accordingly. y regulating the timing of the intake and exhaust valves.

How VVT helps? Volumetric Efficiency: ˜ ƒ Where: ƒ† ƒ mass of air into the engine (or cylinder) for one cycle ƒ air density evaluated at atmospheric conditions outside the engine † displacement volume .

How VVT helps? € In term of duration/timing: y At LOW speeds: VVT ensures the intake valves are close as soon as the piston hit the BDC position y At HIGH speeds: VVT allows the intake valves to be held open earlier or longer to let the air fill up .

low engine speeds generally have low intake manifold pressures high velocity of intake air to create enough pressure different to draw in air into the cylinder y At HIGH speeds: Big valve lift.How VVT helps? € In term of valve lift: y At LOW speeds: Small valve lift. to take in more air and fuel to generate more engine power in the higher RPM ranges .

How VVT helps? .


€ Compare to other VVT like VVT-i. latest from Honda € the main disadvantages of the VTEC system are the weight and complexity of the system itself. this cause the VTEC engine is more expensive to produce. Hence. it is more complex as it compromise of both valve timing and valve lift. € .Variable Valve Timing and Electronic Lift Control(VTEC) i-VTEC.



Valvetronic The most radical feature of this system is: no throttle butterfly is used € varies the amount of intake valve lift to regulate engine speed € .

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