COMPUTER HARDWARE & PERIPHERAL UNITS

JOAN BARR 7/12/10

TYPES OF COMPUTERS ‡ HARDWARE & SOFTWARE ‡ INPUT/OUTPUT DEVICES & PERIPHERALS ‡ HOW IT ALL WORKS TOGETHER .LESSON SUMMARY: ‡ DEFINITION OF COMPUTERS.

STORES DATA AND PRODUCES OUTPUT ALL ACCORDING TO A SERIES OF INSTRUCTIONS . PROCESSES DATA.WHAT IS A COMPUTER? A COMPUTER IS A DEVICE THAT:      ACCEPTS INPUT.

TYPES OF COMPUTERS  MICROCOMPUTERS  MINICOMPUTERS  MAINFRAME COMPUTERS  SUPERCOMPUTER  SERVERS  WORKSTATIONS .

The following are all microcomputers: ² ² ² ² ² ² ² Desktop computers Laptops Notebooks Handhelds & palmtops Handheld game consoles Programmable Calculators Tablet PC (e.g.MICROCOMPUTER ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ More commonly called Personal Computers (PC·s) Designed to meet the needs of an individual user whether at work. I-pad) . school or on the desk at home Provides access to wide range of applications as needed by the user e. word processing.g. internet & email. photo-editing etc.

SUN MICROSYSTEMS & IBM SERVERS ‡ A SUN SPARC ENTERPRISE M4000 SERVER .MINICOMPUTERS ‡ ‡ MIDRANGE COMPUTERS A CLASS OF MULTI-USER COMPUTER THAT LIES IN BETWEEM THE SMALLEST MAINFRAME (MULTI-USER) SYSTEMS AND THE LARGEST MICROCOMPUTER (SINGLE-USER SYSTEMS) INDUSTRY EXAMPLES ARE HEWLETT PACKARD.

large banks. secure and centralized. expensive computers capable of simultaneously processing for hundreds or thousands of users (e. manage and process large amounts of data that need to be reliable.MAINFRAME COMPUTERS ‡ Large. stock exchange) ‡ Used to store. ‡ Usually housed in separate rooms with controlled access .g.

code breakers. NASA. COLUMBIA . nuclear simulations.SUPERCOMPUTERS ‡ The largest category of computer ‡ Costs millions ‡ Can tackle tasks not practical for other computers ‡ Examples of use: weather forecasting. SUPERCOMPUTERS AT WORK. astrophysics. very complex scientific calculations ‡ Dynamic ² today·s supercomputer can very quickly become tomorrow·s ordinary computer.

‡ HARDWARE ‡ SOFTWARE ‡ PERIPHERALS WHAT THEY ARE AND HOW THEY WORK TOGETHER .

OUTPUT & STORAGE CAPABILITIES .HARDWARE QUITE SIMPLY THE PHYSICAL COMPONENTS THAT MAKE UP THE COMPUTER (IT REFERS TO THE PERIPHERALS ALSO) SOFTWARE A COMPUTER PROGRAMME THAT TELLS THE COMPUTER WHAT TO DO AND HOW PERIPHERAL DEVICES ARE SEPARTE BUT CONNECTED TO THE COMPUTER TO EXPAND ITS INPUT.

YOU CAN·T HAVE ONE WITHOUT THE OTHER! Hardware/software relationship between well known Apple technologies .

COMPONENTS THAT MAKE UP THE COMPUTER HARDWARE ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ SYSTEM UNIT CPU RAM STORAGE & DISK DRIVES ‡ PERIPHERALS: ² ² ² ² STORAGE DEVICES DISK DRIVES INPUT DEVICES OUTPUT DEVICES .

STORAGE DEVICES A DEVICE CAPABLE OF STORING INFORMATION ‡ PRIMARY STORAGE ² COMPUTER RAM SECONDARY STORAGE ² ALSO KNOWN AS EXTERNAL OR AUXILIARY STORAGE ² HOLDS INFORMATION UNTIL IT IS DELETED OR OVERWRITTEN REGARDLESS OF WHETHER OR NOT THE COMPUTER HAS POWER ² Examples@: ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ CD·S & DVD·S FLASH PENS FLOPPY DISKS EXTERNAL HARD DRIVES ZIP DRIVES ‡ .

INPUT & OUT PUT DEVICES INPUT DEVICES bring information INTO the computer OUTPUT DEVICES bring information OUT of the computer .

Video input devices ² Scanner ² Webcam ² Digital cameras ² Barcode readers ² Medical image sensors Audio: ² Microphone ² soundcard ‡ ‡ ‡ .TYPES OF INPUT DEVICES ‡ ‡ Text: ² keyboard Pointing: ² Mouse ² Touchscreens ² Touch pads ² Trackerballs ² Wii remote Gaming: ² Joystick ² Game controller ² Game pad Image.

‡ PRINTER ² an output device that produces text of graphical images from the computer onto paper ² Various types and styles of printers from basic home printers to large laser printers capable of printing up to 12.TYPES OF OUTPUT DEVICES ‡ MONITOR ² an electronic visual display screen ² Monitors have improved greatly in quality since the first Cathode Ray Tube display screen ² The LCD (Liquid Crystal Display) is now the most common form of monitor used. narration or sound effects .000 copies per hour ‡ SPEAKERS ² Output devices that receive commands from the computer·s sound card to produce music.

OTHER OUTPUT DEVICES ‡ HEADPHONES ‡ PROJECTION SYSTEMS ‡ INTERACTIVE WHITEBOARDS ‡ TV·S ‡ PLOTTERS .

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