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Cloud - mass storage device. Interface between various sources. Cloud computing ² ´perfect model to enable on demand network accessµ. For computing resources(networks , servers , services , etc.,) Minimal management effort Service provider interaction

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Origin-1960·s John MCCarthy Opined as a ´public utilityµ Amazon Web Service(AWS)in 2006 Google,Ibm(cloud computing research project) Eucalyptus ,the first open source AWSAPI(2008)

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Gartner in the year 2008 Relationship growth b/w IT consumers Those who sell and use IT services Company·s h/w and s/w assets Pre-use service-based models Projected shift to cloud computing Dramatic result in some areas Significant reductions in some other areas

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Cloud computing user doesn't use the physical infrastructure of the hardware or software platform for our use ; instead they hire out the services for their use from the 3rd party service suppliers. Many major world firms have started the cloud computing services like GE ( General Electrical ), Vmware, Sun Microsystems, IBM, Amazon, Google, Microsoft and Yahoo. These services are accessible at any time that provides an access to networking infrastructure.

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Reliability Security Scalability Maintenance Agility And the most significant feature is the cost factor that it provides.

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On-demand self-service Broad network access Location independence Rapid elasticity Measured service

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Private cloud
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enterprise owned or leased shared infrastructure for specific community Sold to the public, mega-scale infrastructure composition of two or more clouds

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Community cloud
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Public cloud
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Hybrid cloud
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Cloud Software as a Service (SaaS) ƒ Use provider·s applications over a network Cloud Platform as a Service (PaaS) ƒ Deploy customer-created applications to a cloud Cloud Infrastructure as a Service (IaaS) ƒ Rent processing, storage, network capacity, and other fundamental computing resources.

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Lower computer costs:
You do not need a high-powered and high-priced computer to run cloud computing web-based applications. ƒ Since applications run in the cloud, not on the desktop PC, your desktop PC does not need the processing power or hard disk space demanded by traditional desktop software. ƒ In fact, your PC in this scenario does not even need a CD or DVD drive, as no software programs have to be loaded and no document files need to be saved.
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Unlimited storage capacity:
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Cloud computing offers virtually limitless storage. ƒ Your computer's current 200 Gbyte hard drive is small compared to the hundreds of Pbyte available in the cloud. ƒ Whatever you need to store, you can.

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Universal document access:
That is not a problem with cloud computing, because you do not take your documents with you. ƒ Instead, they stay in the cloud, and you can access them whenever you have a computer and an Internet connection. ƒ All your documents are instantly available from wherever you are.
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Requires a constant Internet connection:
Cloud computing is impossible if you cannot connect to the Internet. ƒ Since you use the Internet to connect to both your applications and documents, if you do not have an Internet connection you cannot access anything, even your own documents. ƒ A dead Internet connection means no work and in areas where Internet connections are few or inherently unreliable, this could be a deal-breaker. ƒ When you are offline, cloud computing simply does not work
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Stored data might not be secure:
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With cloud computing, all your data is stored on the cloud. The questions is How secure is the cloud? Can unauthorised users gain access to your confidential data? Cloud computing companies say that data is secure, but it is too early to be completely sure of that. Only time will tell if your data is secure in the cloud.

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Stored data can be lost:
Theoretically, data stored in the cloud is safe, replicated across multiple machines. ƒ But on the off chance that your data goes missing, you have no physical or local backup. ƒ Put simply, relying on the cloud puts you at risk if the cloud lets you down.
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Cloud computing is the next big wave in computing. It has many benefits, such as better hardware management, since all the computers are the same and run the same hardware.

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