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CONTENT Biofertilizers Biofertilizers: an ecofriendly way to replace chemical fertilizers Types of Biofertilizers -Nitrogen fixers .Phosphrous & Phosphate suppliers Comparative overview of chemical fertilizers & Biofertilizers Advantages of Biofertilizers Limitations of Biofertilizers Future strategies Conclusion .
DEFINATION Biofertilizers includes selective microorganisms like bacteria. algae which are capable of fixing atmospheric N or convert insoluble phosphate and other salts in the soil into forms available to plants. fungi. .
they may create acidity or alkalinity in the soil and deteriorate the quality of soil. The excess uses of chemical fertilizers in agriculture are costly. When chemical fertilizers are excessively and continuously used for a few years. They improve soil texture. Biofertilizers are low cost effective and eco-friendly fertilizers which work without disturbing nature. . and other properties of soil and serve as a good substitute of chemical fertilizers. pH.BIOFERTILIZERS: AN ECOFRIENDLY WAY TO REPLACE CHEMICAL FERTILIZERS Increasing use of chemical fertilizers in agriculture make country self dependent in food production but it destroy environment and cause harmful impacts on living beings.
Photosynthesis: CO2 + H2O carbohydrates (CHO) + O2 Major Cause: Nutrient Deficiency In Soil Nutrients are taken up primarily by the roots in the form of an aqueous solution in the soil .
Blue green algae & Azolla.TYPES OF BIOFERTILIZERS: Nitrogen fixers 1. Symbiotic: Rhizobium 2. Pseudomonas. Aspergillus 2. Phosphrous & Phosphate supplier 1. Phosphrous & Phosphate solubiliser: Bacillus.Mycorrhiza (VAM fungi) . Non symbiotic: Azotobacter.A. Phosphate absorber: V. Azospirillum.
NITROGEN FIXERS :- Rhizobium:-It is used for pulses crops (leguminous plants) it is available in packets and seed is treated with rhizobium before sowing. maize and potato). cabbage. Azotobactor:.It can be used for other than leguminous (onion. bajra. brinjal. Azospirillum:-It is a non-symbiotic bacteria that can fix nitrogen independently in the soil particularly suites to grass family crops such as maize. and sugar cane. ragi. . jawar. tomato.
. Blue green Algae:-It is suitable for only rice crop and Various experiments have proved that the use of algae increases the rice yield by 10-15%.Azolla:-Azolla is a small aquatic fern with a branched stem and bilobed leave.It is used in rice crops as green manure form and dual crop form.
Vesicular Arbuscular Mycorrhiza(VAM):.It provides nutrients (especially the immobile ions such as phosphate. Many fungi like Aspergillus and Penicillium are potential solubilizers of phosphates.PHOSPHATE & PHOSPHROUS SUPPLIER: Phosphobacteria is sold in polythene pockets. this bacteria can convert unavailable form of phosphorus into available form by solublizing. Bacteria like Pseudomonas and Bacillus are also important phosphorus solubilizing soil microorganisms. . zinc and micronutrients) to the plants.
Organic residues for compost decomposing organisms. unavailable P for PSM and VAM. About 90% efficiency. based on renewable energy sources very low energy bill. Raw materials and Fossil fuel & others imported. Heavy N losses due to leaching.COMPARATIVE OVERVIEW OF CHEMICAL FERTILIZER AND BIOFERTILIZERS Factors Production Process Chemical fertilizers Industrial. based on energy budget non-renewable energy sources. centralized chemical Biofertilizers Biological. High Cost Exists due to discriminate use Low Cost Pollution free Soil health Indiscriminate use deteriorates the soil health Improves the soil health .2533% or phosphatic fertilizers. P availability decreased due to fixation. Losses due to leaching. small scale or decentralized Biological Atmospheric nitrogen for nitrogen fixers.Indigeous and local. fixation are negligible. energy intensive Efficiency Cost Pollution effect 40-45% for nitrogenous fertilizers .
Plays important role in the recycling of plant nutrients. They are eco-friendly and pollution free.ADVANTAGES: Increase crop yield by 25% They provide biological nitrogen directly to plants. They improve soil properties and maintain soil fertility. They are cheap & can help to reduce fertilizer consumption. . They help in solubilization & mineralization of other plants nutrients like phosphates. Stimulate plant growth.
Nutrient provided by them is not enough for high yield.LIMITATIONS OF BIOFERTILIZERS: Shorter self life(6 month). . More chance of contamination. Sensitivity to temperature. Lack of instant visual effects on application.
It is very important that the product entering the market is of standard quality and has passed through legal laws or quality. need to be demonstrated. To overcome this significant exhibition of Biofertilizers as a highly input extensive agricultural system.FUTURE STRATEGIES: Quality:. .Any new method to be adopted by farmers has to face initial resistance.
. Here the research institutes have a great responsibility towards ensuring the correct and the high quality product enters the market along with Government and thereby ensuring that sub-standard product do not enter the market. Role of Government in Promoting the use of Biofertilizers:The Government should encourage the private firms and research institutes to come together cooperate and promote training extension activity at farm level for farmers.
and give uninterrupted and healthy crop growths. prevents the soil erosion and compaction.CONCLUSION Rich nutrients in Biofertilizers nutritious the soil. .
THANK YOU !!!! GUIDED BY:PALAK TRIVEDI PRESENTED BY: RAJ D VAKIL .