Lecture 9: Ground Proximity Warning System (GPWS

)

By: Zuliana Ismail,2010

What is GPWS?
Home

Previous

Next

A Ground Proximity Warning System (GPWS) is a type of equipment carried by aircraft to warn pilots if they are at a dangerously low altitude and in danger of crashing.

Help

The pilots are alerted through visual and audio warnings by GPWS display inside cockpit.

Purpose of GPWS
Home

Previous

The main purpose of these systems is to prevent what is called a Controlled Flight Into Terrain (CFIT) CFIT is an accident in which an aircraft crashes into the ground, the water, or an obstacle such as a mountain or building .

Next

Help

CFIT= Controlled Flight Into Terrain
Home

Previous

Next

Help

Since 1960s, a series of Controlled Flight Into Terrain (CFIT) accidents killed hundreds of people.

CFIT and GPWS
Home

Previous

CFIT can be the result of factors such as navigation errors, pilot fatigue, or reduced visibility owing to weather conditions. CFIT incidents have been reduced since GPWS entered widespread use in the 1970s. The use of a GPWS in large aircraft is required by law in many countries. In the late 1990s improvements were made and the system was renamed "Enhanced Ground Proximity Warning System (EGPWS)

Next

Help

Visual

Audio

How GPWS Works?
RA measures how far aircraft from the ground. GPWS computer analyzed the information from radar. (RA) Computer can identify hazardous situations (very close to ground/terrain, rapid ROD & loss of altitude) GPWS display gives visual and audio warning signals to the pilot.

Home

Previous

Next

Help

What is the different between radar altimeter and barometric altimeter?

How GPWS Works?
Home

Previous

A GPWS monitors the aircraft's altitude with a Radar Altimeter, which transmits radio waves downward from the plane to determine how far away the ground is. Most radar altimeters carried by commercial aircraft are shortrange devices with ranges of less than a mile (about 1.6 km). The information from the radar is monitored and analyzed by a computer that can identify hazardous situations and trends in the data, such as a dangerously rapid rate of descent, dangerously close ground during, or unexpected loss of altitude. If hazardous conditions are detected, the GPWS gives visual and audio warning signals to the pilot.

Next

Help

Radar Altimeter Vs Barometric Altimeter
Home

Previous

What is the different between radar altimeter and barometric altimeter? A Radar Altimeter (RA) measures the distance between the plane and the ground directly below it. Barometric altimeter provides the distance above sea level.

Next

Help

Audio & Visual Warning
Home

Audio & Visual Warnings are provided under any of the following conditions: Excessive rate of descend ( sink rate ) when closure rate with terrain is too high ( terrain-terrain ) loss of altitude after take-off (don t sink) if the aircraft is too low and slow, with landing gear retracted ( too low, gear )

Previous

Next

Help

GPWS Modes
MODE Mode 1: Excessive Descent Rate.
Previous Home

WARNING
when Rate of Descent(ROD) increase rapidly when closure rate with terrain is too high. warn loss of altitude after take-off. Too low, landing gear/flap configuration. Too low

sink rate, sink rate terrain, terrain

whoop, whoop, pull up, pull up whoop, whoop, pull up, pull up don t sink

Mode 2: Excessive Terrain Closure Rate Next
Help

Mode 3: Descent after take-off

Mode 4: Unsafe Terrain Clearance Mode 5: Descent below Glide Slope Mode 6: Situation Awareness

too low, terrain too low, gear too low, flaps Glideslope

Bank Angle, Altitude

Minimums Bank Angle Wind Shear

Mode 7: Wind shear Information

MODE 1: Excessive Descent Rate..
Home

Warns of excessive Rate of Descent(ROD) A GPWS warning light will illuminate and sink rate, sink rate will be heard. If the situation is not corrected whoop, whoop, pull up, pull up will be heard.

Previous

Next

Help

MODE 2: Excessive Terrain Closure Rate
Home

Previous

Warns crew when closure rate with terrain is too high. Designed to warn crew when rising terrain is a threat. terrain, terrain whoop, whoop, pull up, pull up There may be no change in barometric altitude but the radar altitude is decreasing. Recovery: Continue climb until clear of terrain.

Next

Help

MODE 3: Altitude Loss After Take-off
Home

Warns of loss of altitude after take-off. If the aircraft sinks 10 percent of its radar altitude don t sink will be heard.

Previous

Next

Help

MODE 4: Unsafe Terrain Clearance
Home

Terrain clearance while aircraft take-off, climb, cruise, and descent.
If the airspeed is higher the warning will be too low, terrain

Previous

Next

Alert the configuration of landing gear during approach.
if the aircraft is too low and slow, with landing gear retracted (not open). too low, gear

Help

Alert the configuration of flaps during landing
When the gear is selected down, but the flaps are still retracted (not open) too low, flaps

Mode 5, 6, 7
Home

Mode 5: Descent below Glide Slope Mode 6: Situation Awareness (Bank Angle, Altitude) Mode 7: Wind shear Information

Previous

Next

Help

Master your semester with Scribd & The New York Times

Special offer for students: Only $4.99/month.

Master your semester with Scribd & The New York Times

Cancel anytime.