KHUHNBU GOSWAMI

KRUSHNAKANT

CONTENTS
vRole of Agriculture in India vIndia’s position in world Agriculture vCharacteristics of Agriculture vCurrent Concerns vSources of Development in Agriculture vInformation Systems Requirement in Agriculture vBiotechnology and Organic. vIndia’s international trade. vIndian Agriculture Scenario. vRecent Initiatives in Indian Agriculture. vAgriculture Online. vConclusion. v

          . Price going high and getting low.Role Of Agriculture In India  Most Important role in Economic Factor in all areas. In all Indian Industrial sector. 75% of people living in Rural is dependent on Agriculture. In Government sector also as Taxes collection.

India’s position in world Agriculture  Rank            Total Area Seventh Irrigated Area First Population Second Economically Active population Second Total Cereals Third Wheat Second Rice Second Coarse grains Fourth Total Pulses First Oil Seeds .

Characteristics of Agriculture           Accounts for 27% of GDP Contributes 21% of Total Exports.5.7% Food grains production – 211. and Supplies Raw materials to Industries Provides about 65% of the livelihood Growth Rate in production .17 mt .

Current Concerns  Pressure of the Population on Land  Skewed distribution of operational holdings  Land Degradation  Water Balance  Low level of mechanization  Low Fertilizer Consumption  .

fish) Yellow Revolution (flower.Sources of Development in Agriculture         Green Revolution (1968) Blue Revolution (water. edible) Ever-Green Revolution (1996) .

3)Using seeds with improved genetics  . 2)Double-cropping existing farmland.Green Revolution (1968) There were three basic elements in the method of The Green Revolution: 1)Continued expansion of farming areas.

Th e In d ia n fis h e rie s s e c t o r. Du e t o b lu e re vo lu t io n . Developed value-added fishery products for export market. in c lu d in g 1 . the rapid increase of fish production. t o d a y p ro d u c e s 5 m illio n t o n n e s . India made headlines with its Green Revolution.Blue Revolution (Water. wh ic h 5 0 ye a rs  a g o p ro d u c e d o n ly 6 0 0 0 0 0 t o n n e s o f fis h . Developed national standards for fish inspection and quality control    . Fish)      In the 1960s.6 m illio n t o n n e s fro m fre s h wa t e r. After that India is pushing ahead with a Blue Revolution.

Yellow Revolution(Flower. and better quality of fruits by fruit cultivation(horticulture). flower and also vegetable.   . with production doubling from 11 million tonnes in 1986-87 to 22 million tonnes in 1994-95.  Due to yellow revolution India recorded a spectacular increase both in area under oilseeds as well as its output. Edible) Yellow revolution is to yield more no.

Ever-Green Revolution (1996)  The problem before us is how to feed billions of new mouths over the next several decades and save the rest of life at the same time. The aim of this new thrust is to lift food production well above the level attained by the green revolution of the 1960s. The benefits must come from an evergreen revolution. without being trapped in a Faustian bargain that threatens freedom from security. using technology and regulatory policy more advanced and even safer than now in existence .

Information Systems Requirement in Agriculture Soil and Land use  Disaster management  Watershed developments  Cropping systems  Agriculture Resources Information  Organic farming (bio-fertilisers)  Crop weather watch  .

processing and transport qualities .Biotechnology and Organic 1) Soil Health •Vermiculture •Bio-fertilisers •Stem nodulating green manure crops 6) Environment •Biomonitoring through Bio-indicators •Higher Carbon Sequestration 2) Water Quality •Bioremediation 3) Plant Health •Genetic Resistance •Biopesticides Organic Farming 4) Post-harvest Technology 5) Animal Health •Vaccines •High quality feeds and fodder •New strains with improved keeping.

E.Indian Agriculture Scenario  STRENGTHS     WEAKNESS Fragmentation  OPPORTUNITIES      Rich Bio-diversity Arable land Climate Strong and well dispersed research and extension system Bridgeable yield crops Exports Agro-based Industry Horticulture Untapped potential in the N. of land Low Technology Inputs Unsustainable Water Management Poor Infrastructure Low value addition THREATS Unsustainable Resource Use Unsustainable Regional Development Imports .

India ’ s international trade Agriculture Non-Agriculture 2500 2000 1500 1000 500 0 Exports Imports 1736 2148 120 289 .

Diverse agro climatic conditions. Ø Identification of niche products and markets. Ø Strengthening of Infrastructure.Target is to raise India’s share to 2% .  . qThrust Areas Ø Improvement and maintenance of quality.  .  . qAgriculture exports from India account for less than 1% world trade in Agriculture commodities.Strategies & Initiatives : Promotion of Exports qIndia’s competitive advantage  .Reasonable labour costs. Ø Consonance with International Standards.Sufficiency of Inputs.  .

 . Potato . Banana.India’s Agricultural Export Potentials § Marine Products § Rice § Wheat § Condiments and Spuces § Cashew § Tea § Coffee § Castor § Jute § Fruits and Vegetables.Onions. Lichchi . Tomato . Grapes.etc. Mango.

storage. processing accounts for only 7% of agricultural value. Improved post harvest interventions: price support mechanism. handling. packaging. processing  . wastage levels are extremely high. grading.Recent Initiatives in Indian Agriculture ◦ ◦ ◦ ◦ 98% of fruits and vegetables are sold as fresh products. marketing.

 ◦ Draft National Policy on Food Processing prepared. ◦ ◦ To raise the processing level by 10% . .  ◦ Package of promotional schemes available for infrastructure development and quality improvement. an investment of approximately Rs 1400 billion required.Cont…  ◦ Draft Processed Food Development Act formulated.

5 million tonnes  Wheat 75.6 million tonnes  Coarse Cereals 30.Some Facts      Total Geographical Area .4 million tonnes  Oilseeds 20.Indian Agriculture.5 million tonnes  Pulses 13.8 million hectares Major Crop Production (1999-2000)  Rice 89.9 million tonnes  Sugarcane 29.9 million tonnes  .142 million hectares Gross Cropped Area – 190.328 million hectares Net Area sown .

Autonomous. Subordinate. District & Block Agricultural Offices AGRISNET Admn. Division GIS Server “Agriculture On-line” . Field Offices State.DACNET Attached . NRM Division Database Server Crops Division Data Ware housing Hort. Division Workgroups Mail Server INTRERLINK Internet Server Finance Div.

Conclusion    The Life line of India had started from agriculture only from late 50s .

 Thank You   .

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