Eastern Africa Submarine Cable System (EASSy



Introduction Current Scenario The Opportunity System Configuration and Global Connectivity Potential Investors Key features of the proposed System Benefits to Africa Project Costs Project Status Planned Project Milestones

Introduction Liberalisation of the telecommunications sector has led to evolution of internet. VOIP. mobile market & integrated network solutions. The Eastern Africa Submarine Cable System has been conceived in this context. Eastern Africa Submarine Cable System 3 . It is therefore necessary that an appropriate infrastructure is developed to carry the rapidly increasing traffic.

earth station and terrestrial infrastructure in region Increase in demand for intra-regional and global intraconnectivity.Current Scenario West Africa covered by SAT-3/WASC & Atlantis-2 SATAtlantisCurrently no other cable initiative for East Africa Eastern Africa Region exclusively reliant on Satellite Limited satellite capacity. data services and VOIP Low demand for telecommunications systems globally ± buyers-market in submarine cable buyersindustry! 4 .

Current Scenario NEPAD has identified and endorsed the East African cable as a priority project. The proposed East African Submarine Cable will provide the last link to completely encircle Africa by high capacity optic fibre telecommunications networks Eastern Africa Submarine Cable System 5 .

Sea-Me-We-3. SAT-3 Sea-Me-We. Eastern & Southern Africa Restoration for EASSy via existing submarine cables such as SAFE.SATAccess to untapped emerging markets in voice.The Opportunity Hi quality broadband international connectivity reaching Madagascar. mobile and Internet traffic Reduce Region¶s dependency on Satellite Lower network costs at higher bandwidth Eastern Africa Submarine Cable System 6 .

Eastern Africa Submarine Cable System (EASSy) Zanzibar Mahajanga Mtunzini Eastern Africa Submarine Cable System 7 .

Malaba Zanzibar Eastern Africa Submarine Cable System 8 .

1 2 Global Connectivity 3 4 SEA ME WE 3 7 5 6 9 25 10 22 21 20 11 24 8 23 16 17 SAT-3/WASC 19 15 14 18 13 12 SAFE Eastern Africa Submarine Cable System 9 .

Strategic Global Coverage Germany 56 Countries Egypt India Japan Portugal SEA-ME-WE-3 (35Countries) ATLANTIS-2 (6 Countries) Senegal Malaysia EASSy Brazil (11 Countries) Australia SAT-3 / WASC (11 Countries) South Africa SAFE (5 Countries) .

Investment Interest The following (11) parties have signed the Memorandum of Understanding (MOU) for the development of the system: ‡ Telkom Kenya  Zanzibar Telecom  Uganda Telecom  MTN Uganda  TDM Mozambique  Telkom South Africa  Djibouti Telecom  Sentech  Telecom Malagasy  Rwanda Telecom  Botswana Telecom Eastern Africa Submarine Cable System 11 .

Potential Participants from other African Countries Signed LOI & C&NDA  Swaziland  Lesotho  Ethiopia Not Signed LOI&C&NDA  Zambia  Zimbabwe  Eritrea  Sudan  Seychelles  Burundi  DR Congo  Somalia  Comoros 12 Eastern Africa Submarine Cable System .

Telenor .Potential International Investors The following International Carriers among others have shown interest in the project and their participation is expected in the form of investment. ‡ Belgacom ± Belgium.Netherlands ‡ Cable & Wireless and Telekom Malaysia Eastern Africa Submarine Cable System 13 .Norway ‡ AT&T & MCI .KPN .USA ‡ France Telecom .UK ‡ Teleglobe ± Canada . BT .

Key Features of the System The completion of an optic fibre ring around Africa in conjunction with other optic fibre submarine cable systems The first optic fibre connectivity between Eastern Africa and the global optic fibre network A superior optic fibre connectivity utilizing Synchronous Digital Hierarchy. direct Optical Amplification and Wavelength Division Multiplexing technology High capacity Superior quality CostCost-effective alternative transmission medium Provides excellent diversity and restoration options for the users Eastern Africa Submarine Cable System 14 .

Djibouti Mogadishu (Somalia) Configuration Optional Branch and BU Mombasa (Kenya) Repeaterless Optional link Zanzibar (Tanzania) Repeaterless Optional link Dar Es Salaam (Tanzania) Mahajanga (Madagascar) Maputo (Mozambique) Mtunzini (South Africa) 15 .

Technical Description System length 8 840 km Dense Wavelength Division Multiplexing Technology (DWDM) Direct Optical Amplification Technology Additional feeder network through repeaterless festoon systems. if required 2 fibre pair system configured as a collapsed ring Proposed ultimate capacity per fiber pair  16 or 32 wavelengths at 10 Gbit/s  Total capacity of 320 or 640 Gb/s Initial equipage: 1 or 2 wavelengths per fiber System design life of 25 years. Eastern Africa Submarine Cable System 16 .

leading to increased profits Reduced out payments to foreign telecommunications (satellite) facility providers.reduced out payments. Expansion in inter-Africa trade.Benefits to Africa Improved high capacity optic fibre connectivity within Africa and the rest of the world. facilitated by better intercommunication in the region. Eastern Africa Submarine Cable System 17 . Enables new services and products not possible before due to bandwidth restrictions Contributes towards the socio-economic development of sociothe region Reduced unit costs (capital and operational) for global connectivity. Direct routes through own infrastructure obviate the need for transits through Third Parties .

South Africa.Madagascar. Maputo-Mozambique. Mombasa ± Kenya.Project Costs Project cost for a system from SA to Djibouti estimated at US$200 Million This includes US$170 million for the System Supply and US$30 million for project management The above excludes the cable station building and ancillary services which is estimated at US$2Million each. Mahajanga . Eastern Africa Submarine Cable System 18 . There are planned 8 cable stations at Mtunzini . MaputoDar es Salaam and Zanzibar ±Tanzania. Mogadishu ± Somalia and Djibouti ± Djibouti.

Tasks in the next phase are as follows:  Carrying out detailed feasibility study  Developing the project financing model  Drafting of Construction & Maintenance Agreement  Invitation of tenders for supply of System Eastern Africa Submarine Cable System 19 .Project Status Initial feasibility study completed MOU signed by eleven (11) parties. PMC chairman and Working Group Team Leaders appointed. Project Management Committee (PMC) and Working Groups formed.

Telkom Kenya Project Coordinator .Uganda Telecom Interim Procurement WG Leader ± Telkom South Africa Construction &Maintenance Agreement WG Leader ± TDM Mozambique Backhaul Coordination WG .Project Management Committee PMC Chairman ± Telkom Kenya Project Secretariat .NEPAD Eastern Africa Submarine Cable System 20 .Zanzibar Telecom Commercial &Finance WG Leader .

Planned Project Milestones Sign MOU Agree on Configuration Issue Invitation to Tender Financial Closing Sign Supply Contract & C&MA Cable RFCS Q4 2003 Q2 2004 Q3 2004 Q4 2004 Q2 2005 Q4 2006 Eastern Africa Submarine Cable System 21 .

Eastern Africa Submarine Cable System 22 .Conclusion The successful implementation of the East African Submarine Cable System is expected to make significant contribution to the development and provision of ICT services and facilitate the intraregional as well as international trade.

The End Eastern Africa Submarine Cable System 23 .

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