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Writing Problem and Hypothesis

Statements for Engineering Research(50)


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Setting of work proposal :
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Work problem :
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Quantitative specification of problem :

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Importance of problem :
,
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Project need : ,
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Work objective : ?
Methodology to achieve objective
: ?
Anticipated results :
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Contribution to field :
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()
Despite the ability of SEM to identify the grain
structure of a solar cell, the area that it scans is relatively small
for the entire solar cell. As constructing I-V curve data requires
time for testing, a wafer must be scanned many times using
SEM to cover the entire area. However, the
conventional procedure to identify defective cells in a module is
laborious and time consuming. (NOTE : Add 3-4 more
sentences that describe characteristics of the problem or
statistics that reflect its severity) (NOTE:
Quantify the problem to be solved) The
inability to identify defects in silicon-based solar cells, especially
unqualified cells, makes it impossible to calculate the percentage
of the defective area immediately. Therefore, an
inspection system must be developed to identify defects in
silicon-based solar cells, in particular unqualified cells, by
locating them and calculating the percentage of the defective
area immediately.
()
An inspection system can be developed to identify
defects in silicon-based solar cells, in particular unqualified cells,
by locating them and calculating the percentage of the defective
area immediately. The proposed system consists of near-
infrared (NIR) image sensing electronic circuits and a data
processing control computer in real time. To do
so, solar cell performance can be evaluated using the I-V curve.
If the I-V curve represents inadequate electrical power behavior,
the grain structure can then be observed using scanning electron
microscopy (SEM) to identify the problem. Next, before I-V
testing for solar cell defects, the proposed inspection system can
be implemented to identify the defective area for the entire solar
cell rapidly.
()
Additionally, the percentage of the defective area in the
entire solar cell module can be determined immediately
owing to the real time data processing control computer of
the proposed system, making it feasible to locate
unqualified cells without constructing an I-V curve.
As anticipated, the proposed inspection system can
locate defects immediately and determine the detailed
reason for defects in the grain structure by using SEMS.
Importantly, the proposed inspection system
for solar cell defects is highly efficient in terms of identifying
defective areas. (NOTE : Add 2-3 more sentences that
describe more thoroughly how the proposed method
contributes to a particular field or sector)
()
As concern over food quality has grown with
increased consumption, rapidly inspecting such quality must
satisfy market demand. Fruit market consumers often purchase
their favorite fruits by selecting them individually based on their
subjective experiences. Although individuals
spend considerable money and time in selecting fruit, whether
the fruit is tasty remains unclear. Moreover, conventional
inspection methods of fruit quality by examining the fruit skin fail
to determine the inner quality of fruit. (NOTE : Add 3-4 more
sentences that describe characteristics of the problem or
statistics that reflect its severity) For
instance, weighing the fruit provides only a quantitative means of
comparing with its proper size. The
inability to inspect the inner quality of fruit makes it impossible to
increase agricultural profits. Therefore, a non-
invasive inspection method must be developed, capable of
examining the inner quality of fruit efficiently by incorporating use
of near infrared absorbance spectrum.
()
A non-invasive inspection method can be
developed, capable of examining the inner quality of fruit
efficiently by incorporating use of near infrared absorbance
spectrum. To do so, the fruit quality can be
evaluated based on measurements of near infrared absorbance
spectrum from the fruit skin and partial least square regression
(PLSR) analysis. (NOTE: Add at least two to three more
sentences in order to more describe the methodology more
completely) As anticipated, the proposed non-
destructive inspection method can determine the sugar content
of fruit with an accuracy exceeding 85%.
Importantly, the proposed method can demonstrate the
effectiveness of near infrared absorbance spectrum in accurately
predicting the sugar contents of fruit. (NOTE : Add 2-3 more
sentences that describe more thoroughly how the proposed
method contributes to a particular field or sector)
Further details can be found at
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