INTERNATIONAL WOMEN S DAY 2011 Celebrating the world's women and reflecting on the road travelled and the journey ahead .

linguistic. This date is also commemorated at the United Nations and is designated in many countries as a national holiday. Following is a brief chronology of the most important events: ‡ ‡ . it is rooted in the centuries-old struggle of women to participate in society on an equal footing with men.IWD ‡ International Women's Day (8 March) is an occasion marked by women's groups around the world. booming population growth and radical ideologies. often divided by national boundaries and by ethnic. peace and development. economic and political differences. fraternity" marched on Versailles to demand women's suffrage. during the French Revolution. The idea of an International Women's Day first arose at the turn of the century. Lysistrata initiated a sexual strike against men in order to end war. cultural. they can look back to a tradition that represents at least nine decades of struggle for equality. come together to celebrate their Day. which in the industrialized world was a period of expansion and turbulence. International Women's Day is the story of ordinary women as makers of history. justice. equality. Parisian women calling for "liberty. In ancient Greece. When women on all continents.

to honour the movement for women's rights and to assist in achieving universal suffrage for women.History ‡ ‡ ‡ 1909-. where more than one million women and men attended rallies. they demanded the right to work. Germany and Switzerland. to vocational training and to an end to discrimination on the job. the first National Woman's Day was observed across the United States on 28 February. Women continued to celebrate it on the last Sunday of that month through 1913. international in character. The proposal was greeted with unanimous approval by the conference of over 100 women from 17 countries. established a Women's Day. No fixed date was selected for the observance. meeting in Copenhagen. . 1910--The Socialist International.In accordance with a declaration by the Socialist Party of America. which included the first three women elected to the Finnish parliament. In addition to the right to vote and to hold public office. Denmark. International Women's Day was marked for the first time (19 March) in Austria. 1911--As a result of the decision taken at Copenhagen the previous year.

The growing international women's movement. has helped make the commemoration a rallying point for coordinated efforts to demand women's rights and participation in the political and economic process. International Women's Day has assumed a new global dimension for women in developed and developing countries alike. to call for change and to celebrate acts of courage and determination by ordinary women who have played an extraordinary role in the history of women's rights. ‡ Since those early years. Increasingly. ‡ She proposed that every year in every country there should be a celebration on the same day a Women s Day to press for their demands. . which has been strengthened by four global United Nations women's conferences.‡ A woman named a CLARA ZETKIN (Leader of the women s office for the Social Democratic Party in Germany) tabled the idea of an international Women s Day. International Women's Day is a time to reflect on progress made.

.International Women's Day 2011 Theme ‡ Each year around the world. governments and women's groups around the world choose different themes each year that reflect global and local gender issues. International Women's Day (IWD) is celebrated on March 8. Hundreds of events occur not just on this day but throughout March to mark the economic. political and social achievements of women. ‡ Organisations.

2008: Investing in Women and Girls .1998: Women and Human Rights .2010: Equal rights.2006: Women in decision-making . Planning for the Future . training and science and technology: Pathway to decent work for women .1996: Celebrating the Past.2011: Equal access to education.1999: World Free of Violence against Women .2004: Women and HIV/AIDS .1975: First IWD celebrated by the United Nations .2000: Women Uniting for Peace .2007: Ending Impunity for Violence against Women and Girls .2001: Women and Peace: Women Managing Conflicts .‡ Below are some of the global United Nation themes used for International Women's Day to date: ‡ . equal opportunities: Progress for all .2009: Women and men united to end violence against women and girls .1997: Women at the Peace Table .2003: Gender Equality and the Millennium Development Goals .2002: Afghan Women Today: Realities and Opportunities .2005: Gender Equality Beyond 2005: Building a More Secure Future .

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Cleopatra sought to defend Egypt from the expanding Roman Empire. although in reality they may have been political alliances.‡ Cleopatra 69 -30 BC ‡ The last Ptolemaic ruler of Egypt. . In doing so she formed relationships with 2 of Rome s most powerful leaders Marc Anthony and Julius Caesar. These relationships have been depicted in Romantic terms.

‡ Joan of Arc 1412-1431 ‡ The patron saint of France. An unlikely heroine. . Her later trial and martyrdom on false premises only heightened her mystique. at the age of just 17 the diminutive Joan successfully led the French to victory at Orleans. Joan of Arc received heavenly visions giving her the inspiration to lead the French in revolt against the occupation of the English.

‡ Florence Nightingale 18201910 ‡ By serving in the Crimean war. Her dedicated service won widespread admiration and led to a significant improvement in the treatment of wounded soldiers. . Florence Nightingale was instrumental in changing the role and perception of the nursing profession.

‡ Mother Teresa 1910-1997 ‡ Devoting her life to the service of the poor and dispossessed Mother Teresa became a global icon for selfless service to others. She was awarded the Nobel Peace prize in 1979 . Through her missionary of Charities organisation she personally cared for 1000s of sick and dying people in Calcutta.

. which left many innocent Sikh pilgrims dead. He murder was in response to her decision to storm the Sikh golden temple.‡ Indira Gandhi 1917-1984 ‡ First female prime minister of India. She was assassinated in 1984 by her Sikh bodyguards. Accused of authoritarian tendencies she only narrowly avoided a military coup by agreeing to hold an election at the end of the emergency period of 1977. She was in power from between 1966-77 and 1980-84.

K.‡ J.K. it has been credited with leading a revival of reading by children. The volume of sales was so high.Rowling 1965 ‡ J. . She wrote the first book as a single mother. struggling to make ends meet. but is now one of most successful self-made woman.Rowling is the author of the phenomenal best selling Harry Potter series.

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000 Women March in New York In the biggest ever gathering of its kind. as on this day in 1897 the working women of New York also took to the streets to demand shorter working hours and improved conditions for themselves and other women. The date was significant.8th March 1908 15. Credit: Museum of London / HIP / TopFoto . 15.000 working women of New York took to the streets today to protest unjust working conditions and to demand the right to vote. March 8 seems set to become a significant date for those who champion such Women¶s Rights as the Right to vote. the Right to reasonable working conditions and the Right to fair wages.

Papua New Guinea demanding an end to violence against women. men have also joined this call for justice.8th March 2008 100 Years On . By 2008 the right for women to vote. However even today there is no region in the world where women and men are equal in legal. or economic rights. increasingly. social.Should We Still Be Marching? Today marks 100 years since the historic march through New York city by women demanding better working conditions as well as recognition of their broader rights. . In many parts of the world women are still marching for their rights and. Since that day in 1908 much progress has been made to improve the status of women worldwide. to own property Photo: Women and men march in Goroko. Credit: CFLA PNG and to receive a just wage has been recognised by many nations.

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