Rizal leaving the Philippines for the Second Time

‡ Hounded by powerful enemies, Rizal was forced to leave his country for the second time in 1888. ‡ He was 27 years old, a practicing physician, and a recognized man of letters.


.‡ After six months of staying in the Philippines Rizal left via the steamer Zapiro bound for Hong Kong. ‡ Amoy the first stop over of the ship ± Rizal did not get off the ship for the following reasons: ‡ He was not feeling well ‡ It was raining hard ‡ He heard that the city is dirty.

and Manuel Yriarte (son of the alcalde mayor in Calamba) .Hong Kong ‡ A British colony ‡ Rizal stayed in Victoria Hotel ‡ He met Jose Maria Basa. Balbino Mauricio.

‡ Jose Sainz de Varanda A Spaniard and former secretary of Governor-General Terrero shadowed Rizal s movement in Hong Kong. ± It is believed that he was commissioned by the Spanish authorities to spy on Rizal. .

Hong Kong ‡ According to Rizal in his letter to Blumentritt. English. they were former financiers and rich but now poor. Hindus. . Chinese and Jews. but very clean city. ‡ Many Portuguese. gentle and timid. ‡ There are some Filipinos exiled in Marianas Islands since 1872. is a small.

Rizal s Visit to Macau ‡ A Portuguese colony near Hong Kong. ‡ Rizal together with Basa boarded a ferry named Kiu-Kiang going to Macau. .

± Rizal and Basa stayed in his house for two days while they were in Macau. .‡ Jose Sainz de Varanda among one of the passengers ‡ Don Juan Francisco Lecaros a Filipino gentleman who is married to a Portuguese lady.

± The Dominican Order. ± The graveyards for Catholics. . language.‡ During Rizal s two week vacation in Hong Kong. wherein the guests were served a variety of dishes. had millions of dollars deposited in various banks earning very high interests. he studied Chinese life. ± The lauriat party. shows lavishness and hospitality among the Chinese. drama and customs and found out the following which he wrote in his diary: ± The celebration of the Chinese New Year was quite very noisy due to the continuous explosion of firecrackers on the streets. Protestants and Muslims were well maintained. the richest religious order in Hong Kong.


‡ The Land of the Cherry Blossoms .

an American steamer on his way to Japan.‡ Rizal left Hong Kong on board of the Oceanic. Japan and stayed for one day in Grand Hotel. ‡ He arrived in Yokohama. .

‡ Juan Perez Caballero secretary of the Spanish legation visited him in the hotel inviting him to stay in the Spanish legation. Rizal accepted the offer for the following reasons: . Rizal went to Tokyo and stayed in Tokyo Hotel for five days. ‡ Knowing that it is a plot to monitor him.Rizal in Tokyo ‡ After spending a day in Yokohama.

‡ He could economize his living expenses ‡ He had nothing to hide from the prying eyes of the Spanish authorities. . ‡ He and Caballero became good friends.

. Rizal was embarrassed because he did not knew how to speak Nihonggo (Japanese Language) ‡ He was mistaken as an Europeanized Japanese because he looks like a Japanese and yet speaks in different tongue.‡ In Japan.

politeness and industry of the Japanese people. ‡ The picturesque dress and simple charm of the Japanese women.Rizal s Impression of Japan ‡ The scenic beauty of the country ‡ The cleanliness. . ‡ There were few thieves in Japan. ‡ Beggars are rarely seen in the city streets.

.Rickshaw ‡ Rickshaw a popular mode of transportation which he did not like in Japan.

charm. ‡ A woman of beauty. modesty and intelligence.Rizal and O-Sei-San ‡ A samurai s daughter of 23 years old and had never experienced true love. ‡ Speaks French and English .

‡ When Rizal first introduced himself to her. he took of his hat as a sign of respect ( A German custom) ‡ O-Sei-San was more than Rizal s girlfriend for she was his guide. . ‡ She eases the pain left by Leonor Rivera. ‡ She improved his knowledge of the Japanese language. interpreter and tutor.

.‡ Rizal fell greatly in-love with O-Sei-San that he was tempted to leave the Philippines and settle down in Japan. ‡ He was offered a job in the Spanish Legation ‡ Paciano wrote to him reminding him of his duty and why he left the Philippines in the first place.

an English steamer in Yokohama bound for United States. ‡ It ended 45 days of his unforgettable stay in Japan and his relationship with O-Sei-San. .‡ Rizal left Japan via the ship Belgic.

. ± He was a British teacher of chemistry in Peers School in Tokyo.O-Sei-San after Rizal s departure Sei‡ Alfred Charlton became the husband of OSei-San in 1897. ‡ They had a daughter named Yuriko. one year after Rizal was executed. who married a son of a Japanese senator ‡ Seiko-Usui died in 1947 at age 80 and was buried beside her husband.


who was forced by the government to leave Japan. champion of human rights. ‡ Tetcho Suehiro a fighting Japanese journalist. Reinaldo Turner and his wife Emma Jackson. novelist. .Rizal in steamer Belgic ‡ He met a semi-Filipino family Mr. their children and maid from Pangasinan.

Tetcho Suehiro ‡ Became a member of the Japanese Imperial Diet (Parliament) ‡ Wrote to novels: ± Nankai-no-Daiharan (Storm Over the South Sea) 1891 resembling Noli Me Tangere ± O-unabara (The Big Ocean) 1894 resembling El Filibusterismo ± Died in 1896 at age 49 due to heart attack. .

Rizal in USA ‡ Via the steamer Belgic. 1888. . Rizal arrived in San Francisco. USA on April 28.

thus he joined other passengers in protest. .‡ Cholera raging epidemic in the Far East according to the Americans ± All passengers are quarantined for safety ± Rizal was surprised because there is no outbreak of the disease in the Far East.

. But the Japanese and the Chinese and passengers belonging to the second and thirds class remained aboard. ‡ After a week Rizal together with other first class passengers were permitted to land.‡ 643 Chinese coolies boarded the ship ± the coolies from China were displacing white laborers in railroad construction camp. ‡ But Rizal was questioning how come 700 bolts of silk were unloaded without fumigation.

.‡ Rizal stayed in Palace Hotel (then a first class hotel) in San Francisco ± He stayed there for two days ‡ Grover Cleveland was the president when Rizal visited the United States ‡ Leland Stanford the founder and benefactor of the Stanford University was then a senator representing California.

± Reno. as big as San Francisco ‡ Missouri River twice as big as Pasig River ± Chicago a lot of Indians in cigar stores ± Albany where he saw the Hudson River .Rizal toured the United States ‡ Oakland first stop via ferryboat ‡ Via train ± Sacramento where he ate his supper 75cents and slept at his couch. thickly populated ± Colorado a lot of snow and pine trees ± Nebraska Omaha City. Nevada where he had his breakfast ± Utah where he saw Mormons.

. London on board the City of Rome. the second largest ship in the world.‡ New York which he considers a big city ‡ Where he stayed for three days ‡ He left the United States for Liverpool. ‡ Great Eastern largest ship in the world during his time.

Rizal s impression of America (Good) ‡ Material progress of the country as shown in its cities. farms. . and industries ‡ The drive and energy of the Americans ‡ The natural beauty of the land ‡ The high standard of living ‡ The opportunities for better life offered to poor immigrants.

Rizal s impression of America (Bad) ‡ Non-existence of true civil liberty. Japanese and Negroes. as Negro cannot marry an American and vice versa. ‡ The existence of racial prejudice as shown in their hatred of the Chinese. ‡ The valuing of money over human life .

America for Rizal ‡ The land par excellence of freedom but only for the whites. .