Wildlife Management & Studies

Roll no.(100106075) SEC-ME(A)G2 .BY ARUN KUMAR.

undomesticated state. . especially animals living in a natural.What is wildlife All living things (except people) that are undomesticated Wild animals and vegetation.

and other areas including the most developed urban sites. plains. all have distinct forms of wildlife most scientists agree that wildlife around the world is impacted by human activities. social. Deserts. and moral sense While the term in popular culture usually refers to animals that are untouched by human factors .Wildlife can be found in all ecosystems. rain forests. Humans have historically tended to separate civilization from wildlife in a number of ways including the legal.

and water) that allows for a species to survive. Habitat requirements vary by species ‡ Generalist species ‡ Specialist species ‡ Migratory species .What is Habitat Habitat: an area with the combination of resources (food. cover.

social. both positive and negative. Humans have historically tended to separate civilization from wildlife in a number of ways including the legal. .Domesticating wild plant and animal species for human benefit has a major impact on the environment. and moral sense Literature has also made use of the traditional human separation from wildlife. .

For example. Modern times concern for the natural environment has provoked activists to protest the exploitation of wildlife for human benefit or entertainment. hawks and their feathers have great cultural and spiritual value to Native Americans as religious objects Religions have often declared certain animals to be sacred. and they and their products may be used as sacred objects in religious rituals. .How wildlife is related to religion Many wildlife species have spiritual significance in different cultures around the world. eagles.

Wildlife tourism & Ecotourism has fast become a popular industry generating substantial income for developing nations with rich wildlife specially . This ever growing and ever becoming more popular form of tourism is providing the much needed incentive for poor nations to conserve their rich wildlife heritage and its habitat . Africa and India.How wildlife contributes to tourism Fuelled by media coverage and inclusion of conservation education in early school curriculum.

The rate of extinctions of entire species of plants and animals across the planet has been so high in the last few hundred years Extinction is the level of damage to a wild population from which there is no return. Habitat destruction including grazing of bush lands by farmed animals. forest clearing for timber production and wetland draining for city expansion .000 years ago.Destruction of wildlife Exploitation of wild populations has been a characteristic of modern man since our exodus from Africa 130.000 ± 70. changes to natural fire regimes.

Panthera Tigris. India .The endangered Asiatic Lion The Asiatic lion (Panthera leo persica) or Indian Lion is a subspecies of the lion which survives today only in the Gir Forest of Gujarat. which is in fact the Tiger. but are equally aggressive. It is sometimes misidentified as the national animal of India. Asiatic lion are smaller and lighter than their African counterparts. .

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Scientific Classification Kingdom: Animalia Phylum: Chordata Class: Mammalia Order: Carnivore Family: Fieldale Genus: Panthera Species:. leo Subspecies. persica . l.

a national park and lion sanctuary has been successful in stabilizing one of the last remaining wild populations.Why is it endangered Asiatic lion populations have suffered due to sport hunting in the 1800s (until it was outlawed) habitat loss due to the clearing of jungle forest for extracting wood and human settlement. the species does well in captivity and some are found in zoos . Also. The Gir.

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natural disasters and anthropogenic factors The project aims to establish a second independent population of Asiatic Lions at the Kuno Wildlife Sanctuary in the Indian state of Madhya Pradesh.[1] .Asiatic Lion Reintroduction Project The Asiatic Lion Reintroduction Project is an effort to save the Asiatic lion from extinction in the wild. The last wild population in the Gir Forest region of the Indian state of Gujarat is threatened by epidemics.

It was selected following stringent international criteria and internationally accepted requirements & guidelines developed by IUCN/SSC Reintroduction Specialist Group and IUCN/SSC Conservation Breeding Specialist Group which are followed before any reintroduction attempt anywhere in the world. .Kuno Wildlife Sanctuary was selected as the reintroduction site for critically endangered Asiatic lion because it is in the former range of the lions before it was hunted into extinction in about 1873.

an NGO.Samrakshan Trust. has been working for better rehabilitation of villagers who agreed to move out of the Kuno Wildlife Sanctuary. .

J. ‡ . O' Brien and do not suffer from inbreeding depression". They also show that the variability in immunotypes is close to that of the tiger population and that there are no spermatozoa abnormalities in the current population of lions. Recent information from the Central Zoo Authority of India (CZA) reports that "the Asiatic lions and Indian tigers are not as inbred as previously reported by S.Scientists from India have since reported that the low genetic variability may have been a feature of the original population. and not a result of inbreeding.

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