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INTRODUCTION TO SMART GRID
A Smart Grid is defined as using digital information and controls technology to improve the reliability, security, and efficiency of the electric grid. A smart grid delivers electricity from suppliers to consumers using two-way digital technology to control appliances at consumers' homes to save energy, reduce cost and increase reliability and transparency.
A SMART GRID .
and security.A SMART GRID system that connects everyone to abundant. advanced computing. These advancements will be achieved by modernizing the electric grid with information-age technologies. affordable. communications. The construction of a 21st century electric . which would integrate advanced functions into the nation's electric grid to enhance reliability. clean. efficient. efficiency. We can achieve this through a smart grid. such as microprocessors. and would also contribute to the climate change strategic goal of reducing carbon emissions. and information technologies. anywhere. and reliable electric power anytime.
FEATURES OF SMART GRID .
Advanced meters are a tool and the key means for communication between the suppliers and users of energy. . wind or fuel cell generators and a host of new generating technologies distributed around the utility system. Solar.FEATURES OF SMART GRID Smart Grid uses advanced meters as a portal into a home or a business.
air conditioners ± that can also receive communications and respond to indications that the energy system may be nearly overloaded. dryers. pool heaters. .FEATURES OF SMART GRID Sensors distributed on the transmission and distribution system of an electric utility that can sense when and where a power line fails. Sensors like this can be paired with devices that may be able to automatically repair some faults on the grid as well Smart appliances ± water heaters. thermostats.
lights or other energy using devices .FEATURES OF SMART GRID Display devices and automated controls that let consumers see when their energy use is highest ± and respond by turning down air conditioning.
POWER MANAGMENT .
Transmission/Distribution automation.POWER MANAGMENT Real-time monitoring. Communications networks. .
CUSTOMER POWER MANAGMENT .
Smart appliances.CUSTOMER POWER MANAGMENT Smart meters and customer information gateways. Smart buildings and equipment. Voltage Regulation .
BENEFITS OF THE SMART GRID .
Provides Power Quality for 21st Century Needs A smart grid provides power free of sags. disturbances and interruptions .BENEFITS OF THE SMART GRID Motivates and Includes the Consumer A smart grid gives all consumers visibility into real-time pricing. and affords them the opportunity to choose the volume of consumption and price that best suits their needs. spikes.
transmit more power through existing systems .BENEFITS OF THE SMART GRID Enables Markets A smart grid supports energy markets that encourage both investment and innovation. Optimizes Assets and Operates Efficiently A smart grid enables us to build less new infrastructure.
BENEFITS OF THE SMART GRID Reduced power infrastructure costs When digital technologies are infused into the power grid. . end-use demands can be adjusted to available power supplies. This ability to manage and reduce peak demands eliminates the need for costly peaking and ³just-incase´ power infrastructure.
.BENEFITS OF THE SMART GRID Self-healing from power disturbance events Sophisticated grid monitors and controls will anticipate and instantly respond to system problems in order to avoid or mitigate power outages and power quality problems. Operating resiliently against physical and cyber attack Deployment of new technology will allow better identification and response to manmade or natural disruptions.
Smart devices will take bids and execute purchases for cleaner power options offered on the market . Clean power market During serious air pollution alerts. power plants and heavy industries sometimes shut down.BENEFITS OF THE SMART GRID Reduced use of polluting plants Peak power plants tend to be among the most polluting because they tend be less efficient.
etc. Accommodates All Generation and Storage Options A smart grid enables "plug-and-play" interconnection to multiple and distributed sources of power and storage (e. battery storage.) .g.BENEFITS OF THE SMART GRID Energy storage Energy storage devices are used as grid shock absorbers as well as a power back up in the peak time of demand.. solar. wind.
CONCLUSION A smart grid will allow consumer to receive valuable and understandable information that enables us to make intelligent and informed choices about how we use energy . . all while minimizing the consumer cost and out of pocket expenses that could arise with the implementation of the SMART GRID.
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