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VBScript

Session 3

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What We learn Last seasson?

How to declare arrays.


Working with one dimensional a multi-
dimensional arrays.
Working with Dynamic arrays.
Arrays utilities (Array,UBound, LBound)

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Subjets for Session 3

Const Statement.
Operators.
Arithmetic.
Comparision.
Logical.

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Constants
Const Statement

[Public | Private] Const constname = expression

A constant is a meaningful name that takes the place of a


number or string and never changes.
VBScript defines a number of intrinsic constants.
You create user-defined constants in VBScript using the
Const statement.

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Constants
Const Statement

You may want to adopt a naming scheme to differentiate constants


from variables.
This will prevent you from trying to reassign constant values while
your script is running.
For example, you might want to use a "vb" or "con" prefix on your
constant names, or you might name your constants in all capital
letters:
conMaxValue, vbMyValue, MY_VALUE
Differentiating constants from variables eliminates confusion as
you develop more complex scripts.

Const MyString = "This is my string."


Const MyAge = 19
Const CutoffDate = #6-1-97#

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VBScript Operators
VBScript has a full range of operators, including
arithmetic operators, comparison operators,
concatenation operators, and logical operators.
When several operations occur in an expression, each
part is evaluated and resolved in a predetermined order
called operator precedence.
You can use parentheses to override the order of
precedence and force some parts of an expression to be
evaluated before others.
Operations within parentheses are always
performed before those outside.

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VBScript Operators

When expressions contain operators from more than


one category, arithmetic operators are evaluated first,
comparison operators are evaluated next, and logical
operators are evaluated last.
Comparison operators all have equal precedence; that
is, they are evaluated in the left-to-right order in
which they appear.
Arithmetic and logical operators are evaluated in the
following order of precedence.

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VBScript Operators
Arithmetic Operators

Exponentation operator
Symbol : ^
Description: Raises a number to the power of an exponent.
Syntax: result = number^exponent
Note: If either number or exponent is a Null expression, result is also Null.
Substraction operator
Symbol : -
Description: Finds the difference between two numbers or indicates the
negative value of a numeric expression.
Syntax: result = number1-number2 : -number
Note: If one or both expressions are Null expressions, result is Null. If an
expression is Empty, it is treated as if it were 0.

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VBScript Operators
Arithmetic Operators

Multiplication operator
Symbol : *
Description: Multiplies two numbers.
Syntax: result = number1*number2
If one or both expressions are Null expressions, result is Null. If an
expression is Empty, it is treated as if it were 0.
Division operator
Symbol : /
Description: Divides two numbers and returns a floating-point result.
Syntax: result = number1/number2
Note: If one or both expressions are Null expressions, result is Null. If an
expression is Empty, it is treated as if it were 0.

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VBScript Operators
Arithmetic Operators

Integer Division operator


Symbol : \
Description: Divides two numbers and returns an integer result.
Syntax: result = number1\number2
Note: Before division is performed, numeric expressions are
rounded to Byte, Integer, or Long subtype expressions.
If any expression is Null, result is also Null. Any expression that is
Empty is treated as 0.

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VBScript Operators
Arithmetic Operators

Modulus arithmetic operator


Symbol : Mod
Description: Divides two numbers and returns only the
remainder.
Syntax: result = number1 Mod number2
Notes: The modulus, or remainder, operator divides number1 by
number2 (rounding floating-point numbers to integers) and returns
only the remainder as result.
If any expression is Null, result is also Null. Any expression that is
Empty is treated as 0.

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VBScript Operators
Arithmetic Operators

Addition operator
Symbol : +
Description: Sums two numbers.
Syntax: result = number1+number2
Note: Although you can also use the + operator to concatenate
two character strings, you should use the & operator for
concatenation to eliminate ambiguity and provide self-documenting
code.

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VBScript Operators
Arithmetic Operators

Concatenation operator
Symbol : &
Description: Forces string concatenation of two expressions.
Syntax: result = expression1 & expression2
Notes: Whenever an expression is not a string, it is converted to a String
subtype.
If both expressions are Null, result is also Null.
However, if only one expression is Null, that expression is treated as a zero-
length string ("") when concatenated with the other expression.
Any expression that is Empty is also treated as a zero-length string.

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VBScript Operators
Comparision Operators

Equality and Inequality operators


Symbol : =, <, <=, >, >=, <>
Description: Used to compare expressions.
Syntax: result = expression1 comparisonoperator expression2
Note: When comparing two expressions, you may not be able to easily
determine whether the expressions are being compared as numbers or as
strings.
In operator
Symbol : In
Description: Compares two object reference variables.
Syntax: result = object1 Is object2
Note: If object1 and object2 both refer to the same object, result is True;
if they do not, result is False.

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VBScript Operators
Logical Operators

Logical Conjuction (And) operator


Symbol : Not
Description: Performs logical negation on an expression.
Syntax: result = Not expression

If Expression is The result is

True False
False True
Null Null

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VBScript Operators
Logical Operators

Logical Conjuction (And) operator


Symbol : And
Description: Performs a logical conjunction on two expressions.
Syntax: result = expression1 And expression2

If expression1 is And expression2 is The result is

True True True


True False False
True Null Null
False True False
False False False
False Null False
Null True Null
Null False False
Null Null Null
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VBScript Operators
Logical Operators

Logical disjuction (Or) operator


Symbol : Or
Description: Performs a logical disjunction on two expressions.
Syntax: result = expression1 Or expression2

If expression1 is And expression2 is The result is

True True True


True False True
True Null True
False True True
False False False
False Null Null
Null True True
Null False Null
Null Null Null

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VBScript Operators
Logical Operators

Logical Exclusion (Xor) operator


Symbol : Xor
Description: Performs a logical exclusion on two expressions.
Syntax: result = expression1 Xor expression2

If expression1 And expression2 is The result is


is
True True False
True False True

False True True


False False False

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