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Descriptive Analysis Database

• Archive monitoring network locations, climate,

emissions, wildfires, census, political, physical, and
image databases
• Databases will help us build conceptual models and
answer descriptive analysis questions by visualizing
data (e.g. map emissions densities)
• Assist us in the general and detailed description of
the meteorological setting of each site
• Over 90 GB of data archived at DRI
Causes of Haze IMPROVE Study Sites
Sources of Data
• Air quality networks (data archived from VIEWS)
– IMPROVE and IMPROVE protocol sites
– EPA Speciation Trends sites
• Other networks (no data archived)
– State/local agency SLAMS/NAMS/PAMS sites
• PM10, PM2.5, SO2, O3, CO, NOx, met
– Special studies (CRPAQS, CCOS, Mohave, Bravo, etc.)
IMPROVE, IMPROVE protocol and
PM2.5 sites
Sources of Data
• Existing meteorological data for 60 networks
(data not archived)
– State/local agency sites
– NWS surface and upper air sites
– NWS Cooperative observers
– Department of Defense
• Climate data (data archived)
– Gridded monthly precipitation for US
Meteorological Networks
Annual Precipitation around Grand
Canyon National Park
Sources of Data
• Emissions (data archived)
– WRAP 1996 point, mobile, area sources
– National Fire data 1970-1999 point locations
– USDA fire locations from MODIS satellite 2001-2003
– BLM fire locations for Alaska
– Carnegie Mellon ammonia inventory
– 2000 street, airport and railroad centerlines
– Sources inferred from landuse/landcover data
– Sources inferred from satellite imagery and aerial
WRAP 1996 Point Source Inventory
Emissions surrounding Saguaro

Wildfires include
those from 1988 to
Wildfires surrounding the Gila Wilderness in 2000
Sources of Data
• Physical and land cover data (data archived)
– USGS digital elevation data at 10m, 30m, 90m
and 1 km resolutions
– Census Bureau water bodies, rivers, streams
– Vegetation from various agencies
– Satellite imagery (Landsat 5 imagery circa 1990
for all of US and recent MODIS for some
Landuse surrounding Saguaro circa 1992
Visualizing the Tucson urban area

Saguaro East


Saguaro West

Landsat 5 image circa 1990 draped over 30 meter DEM

Sources of Data
• Political data
– Census Bureau 2000 state, county, urban area,
and zip codes boundaries
– Census Bureau 2000 census blocks and tract
boundaries and demographic data
– Land ownership from various state agencies
– State, federal and tribal land boundaries from
various agencies
Site Questionnaire
Site location and history (most of this is available via
IMPROVE metadata)
• UTM or lat/long coordinate; accuracy of coordinate; how
coordinate was collected
• Elevation of site
• When did the site start or stop?
• Changes in monitor/filter technique
• Is it collocated with a scene camera?
• Site photos
• Site operator(s)
• Distance to other class I areas
• Did the site move over the years?
Site Questionnaire
Physical setting: terrain, land use and land cover
• Approximate slope surrounding site (percent)
• Aspect surrounding site (0-360 degrees, 0 = facing north, 90 =
facing east)
• What is the dominant land cover surrounding the site?
• What is the dominant land use surrounding the site?
• Describe land ownership surrounding the site
• Tallest natural or man-made structures nearest to site (note
exposure to surrounding terrain)
• Distance to land features such as bodies of water (from lakes to
oceans), canyons, etc. (note elevations)
• Describe surrounding terrain features keeping the different
landscape scales in mind
Site Questionnaire
Sources (note distances, direction and activity levels)
• Roads within 1 km (paved, unpaved, parking lots)
• Structures within 1 km (residences/lodging, public
and restricted access facilities)
• Towns, cities or settlements
• Industrial source areas and point sources
• Agricultural areas
• Seasonal anthropogenic sources
• Disturbed vacant land
• Distance to natural sources
Site Questionnaire
Meteorology and Climatology
• Surrounding surface meteorological stations; name of network;
what parameters are collected?
• Closest air quality station; name of network; what parameters
are collected?
• Describe generally how wind flow patterns are modified by
various land features at difference scales
• Describe diurnal differences in wind flows
• Describe seasonal differences in wind flows, meteorological
events (note fogs, snow, rain)
• Could the site be influenced by inversions?
• Any historical field study data?
Draft Causes of Haze Website

• Modeled after
VIEWS website

• Developed
and managed
at DRI

• Possible URL
Next Steps
• Incorporate comments on how you want to
access reports on web site
• Publish draft web site on DRI web server
• Populate descriptive analysis database from
existing data sources
• Incorporate new databases as they are made
available (e.g. In and Near Emissions)