# INSTRUCTOR: EL JIREH P.

BIBANGCO

Overview of Simulation & Modeling
Chapter 1 El Jireh P. Bibangco

INSTRUCTOR: EL JIREH P. BIBANGCO

Learning Objectives
In this chapter you will learn about: 
    

Simulation Computer Simulation When to Simulate? When not to Simulate? Benefits and Limitations of Computer Simulation Areas of Application Types of Simulation

INSTRUCTOR: EL JIREH P. BIBANGCO

Simulation 
Simulation is the imitation of the real-world realfacilities or processes (system) over time. (system)  Simulation uses models to develop conclusions about the behavior of a system being studied.  It involves the generation of an artificial history of a system, and the observation of that artificial history to draw inferences concerning the operating characteristics of the real system.

INSTRUCTOR: EL JIREH P. BIBANGCO

Computer Simulation 
Computer Simulation the use of computer to imitate the operations of a real world process or facility according to appropriately developed assumptions taking the form of logical, statistical, or mathematical relationships which are developed which and shaped into a model

INSTRUCTOR: EL JIREH P. BIBANGCO

When to Simulate? 
Real system does not yet exist and building a prototype is cost prohibited, timetimeconsuming, or hazardous  Aircraft, Production system, Nuclear Reactor

INSTRUCTOR: EL JIREH P. BIBANGCO

When to Simulate? (cont.) 
System is impossible to build  Real system exists but experimentation is too expensive, hazardous or disruptive to conduct  National Economy, Biological System  Military Weaponry, Transportation System

INSTRUCTOR: EL JIREH P. BIBANGCO

When to Simulate? (cont.) 
Forecasting is required  Population Growth, to analyze long time Forest Fire Spread periods in a compressed format

INSTRUCTOR: EL JIREH P. BIBANGCO

When to Simulate? (cont.) 
Mathematical modeling has no practical analytical or numeric solution  Stochastic Problem

INSTRUCTOR: EL JIREH P. BIBANGCO

When NOT to Simulate? 
      If the problem can be solve using common sense If the problem can be solved analytically If it is easier to perform direct experiments If the costs exceed the saving Resources and time are not available Data are not available Verifiability and Validity Time and Personnel are not available

INSTRUCTOR: EL JIREH P. BIBANGCO

Benefits of Computer Simulation 
Allow Experimentation without Disruptions to Existing Systems  Concept can be Tested Prior to Installation  Detection of Unforseen Problems or Bugs  Gain in Knowledge on System  Speed in Analysis  Enhances Creativity

INSTRUCTOR: EL JIREH P. BIBANGCO

Limitations of Computer Simulation 
   Expensive Time Consuming Yields Only Approximate Answers Difficult to Validate and Verified

INSTRUCTOR: EL JIREH P. BIBANGCO

Areas of Application 
      Manufacturing Applications Semiconductor Manufacturing Construction Engineering Military Applications Logistics, Transportation, and Distribution Apps Business Process Simulation Human Systems

INSTRUCTOR: EL JIREH P. BIBANGCO

Types of Simulation 
   Continuous Simulation Monte Carlo Simulation Discrete Event Computer Simulation AgentAgent-Based Modeling

INSTRUCTOR: EL JIREH P. BIBANGCO

Continuous Simulation 
Definition: concerned with modeling a system over time  It is often used in conjunction with Computer Aided Drafting (CAD) systems or within mathematical modeling software packages  Examples: 
Population Growth Modeling  Automobile Simulation

INSTRUCTOR: EL JIREH P. BIBANGCO

Monte Carlo Simulation 
Definition: a scheme employing random numbers, which is used for solving certain stochastic or deterministic problems where the passage of time plays no rule  Monte Carlo vs Discrete passage of time  Monte Carlo vs Continuous random number generators

INSTRUCTOR: EL JIREH P. BIBANGCO

Discrete Event Computer System 
Definition: characterized by the passage of blocks of time during which nothing happens, punctuated by events  Examples: 
Simple Queuing System

INSTRUCTOR: EL JIREH P. BIBANGCO

AgentAgent-Based Modeling 
Definition: addresses the simultaneous interactions of multiple agents to simulate, recreate, study, and predict complex phenomenon.

INSTRUCTOR: EL JIREH P. BIBANGCO

Simulation Software Category 
       General Purpose Software Manufacturing Oriented Software Planning and Scheduling Software Special Purpose Modeling Software Simulation Environments Animators Rapid Modeling Tools Simulation Support Software

INSTRUCTOR: EL JIREH P. BIBANGCO

General Purpose Software 
Definition: used to write simulation models 
  

SIMAN Simula SLAM SLX

INSTRUCTOR: EL JIREH P. BIBANGCO

Manufacturing Oriented Software 
Definition: used in the analysis of manufacturing and production systems 
ProModel  AutoMod  ShowFlow 2.5

INSTRUCTOR: EL JIREH P. BIBANGCO

Planning and Scheduling Software 
Definition: used for planning and scheduling but separate software products supporting this area has emerged 
Simul8 Planner  AutoSched

INSTRUCTOR: EL JIREH P. BIBANGCO

Special Purpose Modeling Software 
Definition: concentrates on specific areas like communication, health care, manufacturing, service industries, education and so forth 
MedModel  PacketTracer

INSTRUCTOR: EL JIREH P. BIBANGCO

Simulation Environments 
Definition: contain many utilities to conduct a simulation study. These capabilities include input data, analysis, model entry support, scenario manage management, animation, and output data analysis 
Arena  GPSS/World

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Animators 
Definition: allows the simulation to be dynamically displayed on screen of a computer using a graphic format 
PROOF

INSTRUCTOR: EL JIREH P. BIBANGCO

Rapid Modeling Tools 
Definition: used to develop quick models or perform feasibility studies prior to embarking on a full blown modeling effort 
ManuPlan  SimStarted

INSTRUCTOR: EL JIREH P. BIBANGCO

Simulation Support Software 
Definition: includes tools to aid in the simulation process. Among these are tools used for data analysis, distribution determination, and reporting 
ExpertFit  SIMSTAT 2.0

INSTRUCTOR: EL JIREH P. BIBANGCO

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