Chemistry: Chemistry is the science concerned with the composition, structure, and properties of matter, as well as the changes

it undergoes during chemical reactions. Chemistry is the study of interactions of chemical substances with one another and energy.

Chemistry is often called "the central science" because it connects the other natural sciences such as astronomy. material science. physics. electrons and neutrons.Defination: Chemistry is the scientific study of interaction of chemical substances[3] that are constituted of atoms or the subatomic particles: protons. ` . biology and geology.

Classification: In science. properties and preparation of some substances and their classifications. chemistry plays an important role. Chemistry is dealing with structures. Classification of chemistry is ` Organic chemistry ` Inorganic chemistry ` Physical chemistry ` Analytical chemistry ` Nuclear chemistry ` . reactions with examples.

which are 1000 times more than nonorganic ones.` ` Organic chemistry Organic chemistry is one of the most important in chemistry. Organic Chemistry deals the reactions. rubber. equation and diagrams of each compound. drugs and solvents. It also deals an immense variety of molecules including those of industrial compounds such as plastics. . dyes.

It can be proved in the experiment method.` ` Inorganic Chemistry Inorganic Chemistry is one of the practical areas of science. Inorganic chemistry concerned with inorganic compounds. combined with cation and anion. It deals with the preparation. and joined by ionic bond. properties and reactions of all chemical elements and their compounds. . Most of the inorganic compounds are salts.

` ` Physical Chemistry Physical Chemistry is one of the subfield in chemistry. chemical system concerned with physical concept such as thermodynamics and statistical mechanics. Studying about the atomic and subatomic particles. It also deals with the physical properties of substances. such as their boiling and melting points. .

. odour and melting point and boiling point.` ` Analytical chemistry Analytical chemistry is one of the chemical processes and used to separate materials with the help of color. It is used for medical analysis and environment analysis. Weight and volume are separated by using the method of quantitative analysis.

It is also included in the field of the DNA. . carbohydrates and nuclides.` Bio-chemistry Bio-chemistry is one of the classifications of chemistry. and some of the organism is listed as lipids. It defined as the chemical process in the living organism. protein. It will be presented in the area of the genetic code. RNA. it processes the chemical reaction with the organism in the living things.

` Nuclear chemistry Nuclear chemistry is also one of the classification of chemistry. It mainly used for radiation such as x-ray. radioactive elements (radon) and so on. It is mainly used in medical field . radiotherapy.

` ` Biochemistry: Biochemistry is the study of the chemistry of. biological organisms. and relating to. . Biochemistry is sometimes viewed as a hybrid branch of organic chemistry which specializes in the chemical processes and chemical transformations that take place inside of living organisms. It forms a bridge between biology and chemistry by studying how complex chemical reactions and chemical structures give rise to life and life's processes.

` Biochemical compounds There are four major classes of biochemical compounds . proteins and nucleic acids. Nucleic acids are composed of nucleotides . lipids. All proteins are composed of amino acids which are connected by a peptide bond.Carbohydrates. sugar units are connected together by µglycosidic bonds¶. In carbohydrates. Lipids are insoluble in water but soluble in organic solvents. There are 20 amino acids.

. as stated above. These organic (carbon-containing) compounds are an integral part of both plant and animal life. fats are also comprised of carbon. life as we know it could not exist without them. and. but they have less oxygen and more carbon and hydrogen than carbohydrates. hydrogen and oxygen. for the human body. carbohydrates provide fuel. ` Carbohydrates are made up of three elements: carbon.` Carbohydrates: As the lesson title implies. hydrogen and oxygen² carbohydrates. As you will learn in a later lesson. or energy.

 polysaccharides-are polymers of monosaccharide units with high molecular weight. ` .Classification of carbohydrates: There are 3 major groups Monosaccharides.  Disaccharides-contain 2 monosaccharide molecules which are liberated on hydrolysis.are the simplest group of carbohydrates and are often reffered to as simple sugar.

fructose and galactose. maltose(malt sugar) and lactose (milk sugar). dextrin. glycogen and cellulose. . Polysaccharides are classified as ± starch.Monosaccharides are again classified as ± Glucose. Disaccharides are classified as ± sucrose.

` Classification of lipids:  Simple lipids  Complex lipids  Derived lipids  Miscellaneous lipids ` . ether etc.Lipids: Lipids are organic substances relatively insoluble in wates but soluble in organic solvents like alcohol.

Mainly there are 3 types Simple  Conjugated and  Derived proteins . Classification: Proteins are classified in several ways depending on their function. Proteins forms the fundamental basis of structure and function of life.Proteins and amino acids: Proteins are the most abundant organic molecules of living system. ` . chemical nature. solubility properties and nutritional importance.

There are 2 types ± deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA) and ribonucleic acid(RNA).` ‡   Nucleic acids: These are the chemical basis of life and heredity. DNA is exclusuvely responsible for maintaining the identity of diffferent species of organisms over millions of years. . Functions ± DNA is the chemical basis of heredity and may be regarded as reserve bank of genetic information.

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