TOUCHSCREEN TECHNOLOGY

INTRODUCTION TO TOUCHSCREEN TECHNOLOGY 
A touch screen is an input device that allows

users to operate a computing device by just touching the display screen. 
The display screen has a sensitive glass overlay

and used to give the desired input by touching it.

CONSTRUCTION REQUIREMENTS: 
To recognize one or more fingers touching a

display.  To interpret the command that this represents .  To communicate the command to the appropriate application.

.  The sensor generally has an electrical current or signal going through it and touching the screen causes a voltage or signal change.TOUCH SENSORS  A touch screen sensor is a clear glass panel with a touch responsive surface which is placed over a display screen so that the responsive area of the panel covers the viewable area of the display screen. This voltage change is used to determine the location of the touch to the screen .

Picture showing a touchscreen .

ADVANTAGES:  User friendly. .  Reduces input errors.  Increases input speed.

since significant pressure can be required for certain types of touchscreens.DISADVANTAGES:  Cause stress on human fingers when used for more than a few minutes at a time. .  Use of finger may result in an ambiguous point of contact with the screen.

.  Presence of sunlight may reduce the efficiency of some touchscreens like IR touchscreens.DISADVANTAGES:  Suffer from the problem of fingerprints on the display.

 Mobile phones.  Personal digital Assistants(PDAs).APPLICATIONS:  User interactive displays like ATMs.  Video games.  Satellite navigation devices. .

FUTURE TRENDS (soft touchscreen) .

OVERVIEW  A touchscreen basically comprises of three things.  Touch overlay on the screen  Controller  Software Driver .

TOUCH OVERLAY  It is the sensing portion placed over the screen for detection and is transparent covering the viewable area of the display screen. .1. The sensing technique used may vary depending upon the technology.

2. It takes information from the touch sensor and translates it into information that PC can understand . CONTROLLER  The controller is actually a hardware that connects between the touch sensor and the PC.

Software Driver  The driver is a software that allows the touch screen and computer to work together. It tells the operating system how to interpret the touch event information that is sent from the controller. .3.

TOUCH SCREEN TECHNOLOGIES Resistive Dispersive Signal (DST) Acoustic Infrared .

. metallic.  When an object. the most important of which are two thin.RESISTIVE TOUCHSCREEN  A resistive touchscreen panel is composed of several layers. electrically conductive layers separated by a narrow gap. such as a finger presses down on a point on the panel's outer surface the two metallic layers become connected at that point.

 The panel then behaves as a pair of voltage dividers with connected outputs. This causes a change in the electrical current which is registered as a touch event and sent to the controller for processing. .

.

Polyester Film . 5. 3. Glass Substrate . Top Resistive Layer. 4. Bottom Resistive Layer . 6.LAYERS OF THE RESISTIVE TOUCHSCREEN: 1. Conductive Transparent Metal Coating. 2. Insulating Dots .

ADVANTAGES OF RESISTIVE TOUCHSCREEN  Activated by any stylus  High touch point resolution  Low power requirements .

DISADVANTAGES OF RESISTIVE TOUCHSCREEN  Reduced optical clarity  Polyester surface can be damaged .

 Complex algorithms then interpret this information and provide the actual location of the touch.DISPERSIVE SIGNAL  this system uses sensors to detect the mechanical energy in the glass that occurs due to a touch. .

Mechanical waves created with touch .

including fingers and stylus . since mechanical vibrations are used  Any object can be used to generate these events.Advantages  No need for additional elements on screen  Provide excellent optical clarity .

 Touch unaffected by surface contaminants. dust.. .  Operation unaffected by surface damage. such as dirt...Continued.

Disadvantages  More expensive to integrate.  Only available for displays .

that pass over the  Transducers mounted at the edge of a glass overlay to emit ultrasonic sound waves along two sides .ACOUSTIC(SAW)  Surface acoustic wave (SAW) technology uses ultrasonic waves touchscreen panel.

 A finger or stylus absorbs some of the acoustic energy and the controller measures the amplitude change of the wave to determine touch location. Waves are reflected across the surface of the glass and received by sensors. .

Acoustic wave touch overlay .

Advantages  Good optical clarity  Z-axis capability  Durable glass front .

 Difficult to industrialize.Disadvantages  Requires finger or sound absorbing stylus . .  Signal affected by surface liquids or other contaminants.

5 Yr.COMPARISON OF TOUCHSCREEN TECHNOLOGIES TECHNOLOGY RESISTIVE SAW IR CAPACITIVE DURABILITY 5 Yr. 2 Yr. STABILITY HIGH HIGHER HIGH OK TRANSPARENCY OK GOOD GOOD OK . 3 Yr.

COMPARISON OF TOUCHSCREEN TECHNOLOGIES TECHNOLOGY RESISTIVE SAW IR CAPACITIVE TOUCH Anything Finger/ Pen Anything Conductive INTENSE LIGHTRESISTANT Good Good Good Bad .

COMPARISON OF TOUCHSCREEN TECHNOLOGIES TECHNOLOGY RESISTIVE SAW IR CAPACITIVE RESPONSE TIME <10ms 10ms <20ms <15ms .

COMPARISON OF TOUCHSCREEN TECHNOLOGIES TECHNOLOGY MONITOR OPTION RESISTIVE CRT SAW CRT IR CRT or LCD CAPACITIVE CRT or LCD WATERPROOF Good Ok Ok Good .