€ To identify various techniques used for organisation development and their effectiveness.€ Theme € To understand organisation development as a mean for organizational improvement. € To understand the process involved in orgnisational development. .

€ As external environment of organisation changing it is mandatory for organisation to develop their processes and system to get updated.transformation or organisational development is a buzzword in successful and growth oriented organizations. € Organisational . € Organisational development involves introducing such systems in organizations to increase the productivity.

€ Organisation development is a long term effort to improve an organization·s problemsolving and renewal processes. ----Burke. particularly through a more effective and collaborative management of organisation culture-with special emphasis on the culture of formal work teams.development is a planned process of change in an organization's culture through utilization of behavioural science technologies. € Organization .

led and supported by top management.organisation development cannot be completed in a short span of time. it is much more than that.Visioning means creating a picture of the desired future.term effort :. € OD is an empowerment process :Empowerment is not meant to be a delegation of authority. Organisational empowerment deals with freedom of action in work environment. € Top Management Support :. € Long .OD must be initiated. € OD is a Visioning Process :.

Process :.Peter Senge describes learning organisation as ´ organizations where people continually expand their capacity to create the results they truly desire.µ € OD is a problem solving process :. € Learning .Problem solving is a collective process in which individual creativity. where new and expansive patterns of thinking are nurtured. and where people are continually learning how to learn together. where collective aspirations are set free. commitment are channelized to diagnose the problem and solve it.

the work assigned to them. They are building blocks of organizations. values and norms of behavior which are perceived as correct.An ideal culture is mandatory for organizational development to be successful. empowerment can be successful if all the members share the common cultural values in the organization. € Team based and applied science : Organizational development revolves around the teams. visioning. when team functions well organization the whole organization functions well. Organizational processes. the processes they adopt and ultimately the output. Teams are central to an organization. systems. Organizational culture consist of basic assumptions. € .

Organizational development relies on continuous change and development of the individual employee and the organization as a whole.€ Organizational development focuses on culture and process : individuals/groups operate under a particular process and develop social relationship. .

€ Focus on value development. € Employee participation and problem solving and decision making at various levels. € Evaluation of present system. € Empowerment of social side of employees. € Development of organizational culture and processes by constant interaction between members irrespective of levels of hierarchy. € Individual . € Inculcating team spirit.and group development. € Achieving organizational growth.

€ People side of organization which includes personal counseling and career planning at the intra-personal level. € Societal level development. € Group goal achievement. interpersonal communication and interpersonal relationship at the dyadic level. . € Problem solving.€ The study of organizational development can be carried out on four different fronts.

Kurt Lewin first introduced sensitivity training in 1945. € It is also known as T-groups or lab training. € The first specific sensitivity training session was held in 1946 on the campus of the State teachers College in New Britain Connecticut. € The method is used to train teams . € Members of the group interacts with each other and learn from various situations. € The sensitivity approach evolved from the Group Dynamics concepts of Kurt Lewin. with ultimate objective of organizational development. € . € Sensitivity training envisages the formation of unstructured small groups.

. learning. change and transactional nature of human beings. € Sensitivity training also involved organizational topics such as deadlines. policy. study pertaining to duties and responsibilities. procedures and inter organizational group relationship.€ T-group developed various models of role playing.

who are committed to a common purpose. € Teams can be formed for any purpose.€ Teams :€ A team is a small number of people. € Organizational development has shifted from a reliance on individual managers and workers to work teams. . with complimentary skills.