€ To identify various techniques used for organisation development and their effectiveness. € To understand the process involved in orgnisational development.€ Theme € To understand organisation development as a mean for organizational improvement. .

transformation or organisational development is a buzzword in successful and growth oriented organizations. € As external environment of organisation changing it is mandatory for organisation to develop their processes and system to get updated. € Organisational development involves introducing such systems in organizations to increase the productivity. € Organisational .

€ Organization .development is a planned process of change in an organization's culture through utilization of behavioural science technologies. particularly through a more effective and collaborative management of organisation culture-with special emphasis on the culture of formal work teams. ----Burke. € Organisation development is a long term effort to improve an organization·s problemsolving and renewal processes.

it is much more than that.Visioning means creating a picture of the desired future. Organisational empowerment deals with freedom of action in work environment. € OD is a Visioning Process :.organisation development cannot be completed in a short span of time.OD must be initiated. € Top Management Support :.term effort :. € Long . € OD is an empowerment process :Empowerment is not meant to be a delegation of authority. led and supported by top management.

Problem solving is a collective process in which individual creativity.Peter Senge describes learning organisation as ´ organizations where people continually expand their capacity to create the results they truly desire. where new and expansive patterns of thinking are nurtured. € Learning .Process :.µ € OD is a problem solving process :. and where people are continually learning how to learn together. commitment are channelized to diagnose the problem and solve it. where collective aspirations are set free.

the work assigned to them. € . They are building blocks of organizations. € Team based and applied science : Organizational development revolves around the teams. Organizational culture consist of basic assumptions. visioning. Teams are central to an organization. values and norms of behavior which are perceived as correct. systems. Organizational processes. empowerment can be successful if all the members share the common cultural values in the organization. the processes they adopt and ultimately the output.An ideal culture is mandatory for organizational development to be successful. when team functions well organization the whole organization functions well.

. Organizational development relies on continuous change and development of the individual employee and the organization as a whole.€ Organizational development focuses on culture and process : individuals/groups operate under a particular process and develop social relationship.

€ Inculcating team spirit.and group development. € Employee participation and problem solving and decision making at various levels. € Development of organizational culture and processes by constant interaction between members irrespective of levels of hierarchy. € Individual . € Evaluation of present system. € Empowerment of social side of employees. € Focus on value development. € Achieving organizational growth.

€ Problem solving. .€ The study of organizational development can be carried out on four different fronts. € Group goal achievement. € People side of organization which includes personal counseling and career planning at the intra-personal level. interpersonal communication and interpersonal relationship at the dyadic level. € Societal level development.

€ Sensitivity training envisages the formation of unstructured small groups. € It is also known as T-groups or lab training. € . with ultimate objective of organizational development. € The method is used to train teams . € The sensitivity approach evolved from the Group Dynamics concepts of Kurt Lewin. € The first specific sensitivity training session was held in 1946 on the campus of the State teachers College in New Britain Connecticut. € Members of the group interacts with each other and learn from various situations.Kurt Lewin first introduced sensitivity training in 1945.

policy. change and transactional nature of human beings. learning. . study pertaining to duties and responsibilities. procedures and inter organizational group relationship.€ T-group developed various models of role playing. € Sensitivity training also involved organizational topics such as deadlines.

€ Teams can be formed for any purpose. . with complimentary skills.€ Teams :€ A team is a small number of people. € Organizational development has shifted from a reliance on individual managers and workers to work teams. who are committed to a common purpose.

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