Network devices are components used to connect computers or other electronic devices together so that they can share files or resources like printers or fax machines.

Basic network devices
‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ A Computer A hub A switch A router A bridge A firewall A server Cables

Why to go for a network diagram? Network diagram: provides ‡ Planning ‡ Security ‡ Flexibility .

 Physical network topology  Logical network topology .

Topology .

A computer .

Hubs: Connects multiple Ethernet segments together making them act as a single segment. Works on OSI layer 1. 100baseT hub .

Works on OSI layer 2.Switches A switch splits the network traffic and sends it to different destinations rather than to all systems on the network. .

Switch ISDN switch Switch image Stack of the switch .

A router is connected to at least two networks.ROUTERS: A device that forwards data packets along networks. commonly two LANs or WANs . Router Wireless Router . Routers use the logic network address such as IP address to make decisions.

A piece of hardware or software put on the network to prevent some communications forbidden by the network policy. Firewall Router Firewall .

.server ‡ A computer on a network or other network device that stores all necessary information and is dedicated to provide a particular service.

Types of servers .

Common symbols .

Common symbols Communication link Wireless Access point Gateway ATM switch .

‡ ATM uses a connection-oriented model in which a virtual circuitmust be established between two endpoints before the actual data exchange begins ‡ Gateway.a computer or a network that allows or controls access to another computer or network .

Common symbols .

Common symbols Coaxial line Fiber optic line tag Twisted pair cable .

‡ Twisted pair cabling is a type of wiring in which two conductors are twisted together for the purposes of canceling out electromagnetic interference ‡ Coaxial cable is the kind of copper cable used by cable TV companies between the community antenna and user homes and businesses. ‡ Fiber-optic communication is a method of transmitting information from one place to another by sending pulses of light through an optical fiber .

Common symbols Relative database Bridge .

Common symbols .

Common symbols Radio tower Internet cloud .

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