BIODIVERSITY PRESERVATION & CONSERVATION

By Baneen Haider BS-V Defence Authority College of Business

What is Biodiversity?
The variability among millions of species of plants, animals and microorganisms; the gene they contain; and the intricate ecosystem they help build into the living environment.

Baneen Haider | 2010 | DACB

2

Levels of Biodiversity 1. Species Diversity 3. Genetic Diversity 2. Community and Ecosystem Diversity Baneen Haider | 2010 | DACB 3 .

Threats to Biodiversity ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ Habitat Loss and Degradation Habitat Fragmentation Poaching of Wildlife: Commercial Hunting Introduction of Exotic (Alien) species Over-exploitation of Bio-resources Pollution and Disturbances Diseases Genetic Assimilation Other Factors Baneen Haider | 2010 | DACB 4 .

Once lost. there is no way to recover them. Baneen Haider | 2010 | DACB 5 . ‡ The endemic species and the habitats which are likely to be lost forever should be given top priority for conservation. valleys and large oceanic islands are usually areas of endemism. ‡ Isolated mountain tops.Endemic Species ‡ Endemic species are those species which remain confined only to a particular locality. Such species are very important from the point of view of conservation strategy because their disappearnce means extinction of these species as they are not found elsewhere.

Baneen Haider | 2010 | DACB 6 . lichens and seaweeds. ‡ IUCN has estimated that at least 25. are endangered due to habitat deterioration.Endangered Species ‡ Endangered species are those species which have very low population and are in considerable danger of extinction. fungi.000 plant species. uprooting and construction. clearance. including lower plants such as mosses. liverworts.

Species Extinction ‡ Natural Extinction ‡ Mass Extinction ‡ Anthropogenic Extinction Baneen Haider | 2010 | DACB 7 .

headquarters in Switzerland. ‡ Now known as WCU (World Conservation Union) Baneen Haider | 2010 | DACB 8 .IUCN ‡ International Union for Conservation of nature & Natural Resources ‡ Established in 1948.

WWF ‡ Previously known as World Wildlife Fund ‡ Now called Worldwide Fund for Nature ‡ Announced 10 Most Wanted species (2004) based on threats from sustainable trade and Consumer Demand of Baneen Haider | 2010 | DACB 9 .

TIGERS Baneen Haider | 2010 | DACB 10 .

ASIAN ELEPHANT Baneen Haider | 2010 | DACB 11 .

ASIAN YEW TREES Baneen Haider | 2010 | DACB 12 .

PIGNOSED TURTLE Baneen Haider | 2010 | DACB 13 .

YELLOWCRESTED COCKATOOS Baneen Haider | 2010 | DACB 14 .

IRRAWADY DOLPHIN Baneen Haider | 2010 | DACB 15 .

GREAT WHITE SHARKS Baneen Haider | 2010 | DACB 16 .

LEAFTAILED GECKO Baneen Haider | 2010 | DACB 17 .

HUMPHEAD WRASSE Baneen Haider | 2010 | DACB 18 .

RAMIN Baneen Haider | 2010 | DACB 19 .

uplifting and scientific management at its optimum level in order to derive sustainable benefits for the present as well as for the future.Biodiversity Conservation Biodiversity Conservation refers to the efforts to maintain or enhance biodiversity involving protection. Baneen Haider | 2010 | DACB 20 .

) Why should we be concerned? Our ethics recall us that we should not deprive our future generations from economic and aesthetic benefits that can be derived from biodiversity. Baneen Haider | 2010 | DACB 21 .Biodiversity Conservation (Contd. It is our moral duty to look after our planet and pass it on to our future generation in a good health.

Biodiversity Conservation (Contd. In Situ (on site) conservation 2.) There are two approaches: 1. Ex Situ (off site) conservation Baneen Haider | 2010 | DACB 22 .

Baneen Haider | 2010 | DACB 23 . ‡ In situ conservation requires only elimination of factors detrimental to the existence of the species and allow the large number of species to grow simultaneously and flourish in their natural environment in which they were growing since a long time. ‡ The main objective is to recognize a particular biodiversity rich area and to preserve it so that biodiversity can continue to flourish and evolve. ‡ This method maintains all organisms at different tropic levels from producers to top consumers such as carnivores.In Situ Conservation ‡ Preservation and Protection of Ecosystems at their Original or Natural Environment.

In Situ Conservation (Contd.) Involves the conservation of: ‡ National Parks ‡ Sanctuaries ‡ Biosphere Reserves ‡ Reserve Forests Baneen Haider | 2010 | DACB 24 .

Ex Situ Conservation ‡ Involves cultivation of plants and rearing of animals outside their natural habitats. Baneen Haider | 2010 | DACB 25 . under human care. particularly of endangered species of plants and animals. ‡ In this habitat. conservation of specific species is done as a sample of genetic diversity.

Ex Situ Conservation (Contd.) It involves the conservation of: ‡ Botanical Gardens ‡ Zoological Parks (Zoos) ‡ Aquariums Baneen Haider | 2010 | DACB 26 .

regardless of their potential utility. Baneen Haider | 2010 | DACB 27 .Conservation Vs. Preservation ‡ The aim of conservation is to manage or regulate use so that it does not exceed the capacity of the species or system to renew itself. ‡ The objective of preservation of species and ecosystems is to ensure their continuity.

THE END Baneen Haider | 2010 | DACB 28 .