Andry Samuel Lusiana Rachmawati Wahyuningtyas Yogi priasetyono

GROUP 5 COMPLEX SENTENCE

DEFINITION OF COMPLEX SENTENCE
A complex sentence consists of one independent clause, and one or more dependent clauses. The clauses are connected through either a subordinate conjunction or a relative pronoun. The dependent clause may be the first or second clause in the sentence. If the first clause in the sentence is dependent, a comma usually separates the two clauses1.

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In the following complex sentences, subjects are in yellow, verbs are in green, and the subordinators and their commas (when required) are in red. A. When he handed in his homework, he forgot to give the teacher the last page. B. The teacher returned the homework after she noticed the error. C. The students are studying because they have a test tomorrow. D. After they finished studying, Juan and Maria went to the movies. E. Juan and Maria went to the movies after they finished studying.

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When a complex sentence begins with a subordinator such as sentences A and D, a comma is required at the end of the dependent clause. When the independent clause begins the sentence with subordinators in the middle as in sentences B, C, and E, no comma is required. If a comma is placed before the subordinators in sentences B, C, and E, it is wrong.

INDEPENDENT AND DEPENDENT CLAUSE
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INDEPENDENT CLAUSE Clauses can be independent or dependent. Independent clauses can potentially stand alone and are not structurally dependent on other clauses. If a sentence has only one clause that clause is of course, normally an independent clause. Example: We have writing class today

DEPENDENT CLAUSE
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A dependent clause contains a complete subject and a complete verb as does a main clause.
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A dependent clause always begins with a subordinate connective. It presents secondary less important information. It modifies the key idea in the main clause. It controls reader focus.

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Example: Because it was very dark, the boys missed the road Dependent clauses can·t normally stand alone. Of course every sentence must have al least one independent clause.

SUBORDINATE CONNECTIVES
Here is a partial list of subordinate connectives. ´ They will help you to identify dependent clauses.
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After Although As As if because Before How If In order that like Since So that Than That unless Until What When Where whereas whether Which While Who Why

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1) Time: when, whenever, while, since, after, before, until, as, etc. - I will take a vacation, when I have the time. 2) Place: where, wherever - We will meet, wherever the committee decides. 3) Manner: as, as if - He acted, as if he owned the place. 4) Comparison - I don·t swim as well as he does. 5) Reason, cause, purpose: as, because, so that, in order that, since, for fear that - It will not be necessary to study that chapter, because you have already read it. 6) Result: so«.that, such«.. that - The book was so interesting that I read it in one evening. 7) Condition: if, whether, unless, on condition that, as / so long as, supposing (that) - He sign the contract on condition, that he be allowed to consult his wife.

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THANK YOU ;)

EXERCISE
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Rewrite the following pairs of sentences to make one complex sentence. 1) Although John is only sixteen He has already entered a university Answer: 2) So that The boys could live on little money They decided to find an expensive place to live. Answer: Complete the following sentence using subordinating word. 3) ««««..Mary came to this country, she has made many friends. a. Although b. If c. Since d. Because e. While Answer:

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4) He will sign the contract, «««.. his wife has no objections. a. As b. Since c. So that d. As long as e. Even though Answer: 5) Alex didn·t study ««., he failed the test. a. Consequently b. Unless c. In spite of d. So long as e. Until Answer:

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