COLLECTIVE BARGAINING

1

with the spread of trade unionism collective bargaining became popular at the plant level & then at the national level. ‡ In 1918. As the leader of the Ahmedabad Textile workers advocated collective bargaining. Gandhiji as the leader of the Ahmedabad Textile workers advocated collective bargaining. 2 . ‡ Early 1900. ‡ After Independence. idea spread to other nations & it became the gospel of Industrial relations.HISTORY OF COLLECTIVE BARGAINING ‡ Roots in Britain in response to the Industrial Revolution. ‡ 18th collective bargaining gained strength when trade unions came into existence.

3 .debating. discussing and even threatening so as to arrive at an amicable agreement for those being represented. It is a procedure by which the terms and conditions of workers are requested by agreements between their bargaining agents and employers. COLLECTIVE BARGAINING.COLLECTIVE BARGAINING What is bargaining? It is the process of cajoling.

WORKING CONDITIONS WORK NORMS JOB SECURITY INCENTIVES CHANGES IN TECHNOLOGY STAFF PROMOTIONS & TRANSFERS GRIEVANCES DISCIPLINARY MATTERS HEALTH AND SAFETY UNION RECOGNITION/ RIGHTS/ RESPONSIBILITIES MANAGEMENT RIGHTS 4 .BARGAINING ISSUES ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ WAGES.

‡ To protect the interests of workers through collective action. ‡ To avoid third party intervention in matters relating to employment. 5 .OBJECTIVES ‡ To settle disputes or conflicts relating to wages and working conditions. ‡ To resolve the differences between workers and management through voluntary negotiations and arrive at a consensus.

FEATURES OF BARGAINING * * * * * * * * * * COLLECTIVE STRENGTH FLEXIBLE CONTINUOUS DYNAMIC VOLUNTARY POWER RELATIONSHIPS BIPARTITE PROCESS REPRESENTATION COMPLEX 6 .

* COOPERATIVE BARGAINING: It is used in times of recession with a view to survive.´ The parties try to maximise their respective gains. Eg: TELCO. ASHOK LEYLAND 7 .TYPES OF BARGAINING * DISTRIBUTIVE BARGAINING: ³ Your gain is my loss. Both parties negotiate the terms in a flexible way. my loss is your gain.

employment levels. A standard productivity index is finalised initially.TYPES OF BARGAINING * PRODUCTIVITY BARGAINING: Workers wages and benefits are linked to productivity. sub contracting clauses etc. 8 . environmental hazards . * COMPOSITE BARGAINING: They demand equity in matters relating to work norms.

PROCESS ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ Identification of the problem Collection of data Selection of negotiators Climate of negotiations Bargaining strategy and tactics Formalizing the agreement Enforcing the agreement 9 .

10 .SUGGESTIONS FOR EFFECTIVE IMPLEMENTATION ‡ Create awareness among workers ‡ Avoidance of interfering political leaders ‡ Govt should make legislation for compulsory collective bargaining before resorting to adjudication. ‡ Development of positive attitude of management towards unions.

COLLECTIVE BARGAINING IN INDIA Collective Bargaining in India covers public sector companies in industry commerce finance and banking which are owned by central and state Governments. SAIL and railways have to live with over a hundred unions each! 11 . INTERESTING CONTRADICTIONS: Over 80 different unions may represent a single firm.! Firms such as BHEL.

In sectors such as sugar and media wage boards decide the wages and working conditions.INDIAN CONTEXT Employees in departmental undertakings like post and telegraph are governed by pay commission awards. 12 . In cement industry arbitration has replaced collective bargaining over wage related issues.

NATIONAL COMMISSON ON LABOUR (1969) ‡ GOVT INTERVENTON IN SETTLEMENT OF INDUSTRIAL DISPUTES SHOULD BE REDUCED. 13 . ‡ INTENSIFICATION OF WORKERS EDUCATION. ‡ TRADE UNIONS SHOULD BE STRENGTHENED ORGANISATONALLY & FINANCIALLY. ‡ IDEA OF 1 UNION FOR 1 PLANT OR INDUSTRY TO MADE POPULAR. ‡ GOVT SHOUD ENCOURAGE PARTIES TO SETTLE CONFLICTS THROUGH BIPARTITE CONSULTATION & NEGOTIATON CONSISTENT WITH PUBLIC SAFETY & INTEREST OF SOCIETY.

THANK YOU 14 .

Sign up to vote on this title
UsefulNot useful