6th March 2011 Bryan Duncan

What are psychological disorders? y Psychological disorders are behaviors or mental processes that are connected with various kinds of distress or impaired functioning. .

.DSM y The diagnostic guide to psychological disorders y This is the most widely used classification scheme for psychological disorders is the Diagnostic and Statistical Manuel of the American Psychiatric Association.

and physical features. behavioral. . panic disorder. obsessive-compulsive disorder.Anxiety Disorders y Anxiety is an emotional state that is accompanied by subjective. and traumatic stress disorders. y The different types of anxiety disorders include phobias. generalized anxiety.

and depersonalization disorder. identity.Dissociative Disorders y These disorders are very uncommon and rare. dissociative fugue. . y With this disorder there is a separation of mental processes such as thoughts. or consciousness-the processes that make the person feel whole. memory. emotions. dissociative identity disorder. y Four specific types of dissociative disorders: dissociative amnesia.

.Somatoform Disorders y A person may present to have a physical problem such as paralysis. numbness. y Two major types of somatoform disorders are : conversion disorder. and hypochondriasis. or have a persistent belief that they have a serious disease despite a lack of medical evidence. or a mysterious pain that defies any medical explanation.

Mood Disorders y Mood disorders are characterized by severe or persistent disturbances of mood. y There are two major types of mood disorders: major depression and bipolar disorder. .

Schizophrenia y Schizophrenia is a chronic. disorganized. y There are three major types of schizophrenia: paranoid. It is characterized by a break with reality which may take forms of hallucinations. lifelong disorder that corresponds most closely to madness or insanity. and catatonic. .

and Cluster C is anxious or fearful. They can cause difficulties in social. . y There are 10 types of personality disorders. or occupational functioning. but they are organized into three general clusters according to their behavioral features: Cluster A is odd or eccentric behavior. or erratic. emotional.Personality Disorders y Personality disorders are characterized by enduring patterns of behavior. Cluster B is behavior that is overly dramatic. personal.

NJ: John Wiley & Sons. (2005). & Rathus.).S.Reference y Nevid. S.. J.A. Psychology and the challenges of life: Adjustment in the new millennium (9th ed. . Hoboken.

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