This action might not be possible to undo. Are you sure you want to continue?
Make a group list of words today
No dictionaries, words must be at least 4 letters, the 9 letter word counts for 2 points.
H Y D
HINTS FOR SOLVING Look for common beginnings, such as UN- or SUB-, and endings, such as -ER or -ISM. Look for pairs of letters that go well together, such as ST, PR or ND. Write out the letters in a different order, in case you spot something different. Don't forget to look for words that begin with a vowel. When you find a word, try reading it backwards, to see if it suggests another word. When you find a word, try to find all the rearrangements of its letters that also form words. When you find a word, try substituting the remaining letters into it.
Chocolate for group with most words
Biography and place in literature
Who is Maya Angelou?
Born in 1928 in St. Louis, Missouri (compare with Langston Hughes, born in 1902 - by this time Hughes had already written µA Negro Speaks of Rivers¶)
Missouri is pretty much central MidWest America - was very much slave country.
While Hughes was also born in Missouri, his path involved significant travel in America as well as overseas before returning to settle in New York. Angelou on the other hand had a much less fortunate path of travel.
The first 17 years of her life her very rough. At age three, her parents¶ marriage ended. The father sent the children to Arkansas - further South, essentially further into Confederate territory, which was traditionally linked to slavery. Here they lived with their father¶s mother - Annie Henderson. There was some success here as Annie was quite a savvy business woman.
However, four years later, the father returned and sent the children back to their birth mother in St. Louis, where they were born. At age eight, while living with her mother, Angelou was sexually abused and raped by her mother¶s boyfriend, Mr. Freeman. She confessed this to her brother, who then told the rest of the family.
Freeman was found guilty, but was only jailed for one day. Four days after his release, he was found kicked to death, probably by Angelou¶s uncles. Angelou, at this point, became mute. She stated ³I thought, my voice killed him; I killed that man, because I told his name. And then I thought I would never speak again, because my voice could kill anyone.´ She remained mute for nearly 5 years.
We would expect then that Angelou would have a fascination with language. She see real violence in power in words and language. It seems natural that she would become a writer due to her significant respect, even fear of, the power of words. Having overcome her desperate fear of words, we might expect Angelou to attempt to use language for good - to inspire, to self-affirm, to regain the voice she lost.
Throughout the 50¶s Angelou devoted herself to the arts. During this time she was both a dancer and singer, receiving training on scholarship in dance. This allowed her to get out of America. She toured throughout Europe with the all black opera Porgy and Bess. She became fascinated with the languages of other countries and actively tried to learn the language of every country she visited. She is now proficient in a number of different languages.
It wasn¶t until the late 50¶s that Angelou moved to New York (consider, Hughes had been living in New Jersey - New York City¶s neighbour - since the 1930¶s). She became involved in the civil rights movement and became close friends with Martin Luther King and Malcolm X - both key figures in the civil rights movement. Both were assassinated. King was assassinated on Angelou¶s birthday. Since that day she has not celebrated her birthday, instead she sent flowers to King¶s wife, until her death in 2006. This inspired her to write I Know Why the Caged Bird Sings - this autobiography of her first 17 years of life brought her international recognition as a writer.
She ended up writing 5 autobiographies, covering the majority of her early life. Angelou would go on to become Oprah Winfrey¶s close friend and mentor, write the first screen play by a black writer to ever be produced and recite her poem µOn the Pulse of the Morning¶ at the inauguration of President Bill Clinton - the first poet since Robert Frost spoke at John F. Kennedy¶s inauguration in 1961. This year she was awarded the Presidential Medal of Freedom by Barack Obama - the highest civilian award offered by the US Government for contributions to world peace and culture.
We can quite happily assume that Angelou has had a significant impact on the development and acceptance of African American culture in the 20th Century. We can also safely assume that Angelou¶s primary project has been raising awareness about the µtruth¶ of being black in a white dominated world. We can also assume that Angelou¶s voice will also tell the story of the female side of being black in America during the early 20th Century. Finally, we might be able to consider Angelou as a significant example of African American writers trying to reclaim their voices - by which I mean that they are reclaiming their right to represent themselves. The refusal to be stereotyped and a desire to use literature and art to reaffirm their identities as strong, proud, worthy, equal.
Hughes and Angelou
Were acquaintances and potentially close friends. It is likely that they new each other in New York. However, we should not assume that they wrote together or produced projects together. Their ideas about poetry may have been shared as they did tend to a similar approach to the African American identity. Angelou¶s poetry follows Hughes in that she ³explains and illuminates´ the condition, identity and culture of African Americans in the US, but without attacking or alienating her white audience. Like Hughes, she is about empowerment, not division or conflict. We should expect her poetry to µre-vision¶ the African American identity - to show it for what it really is as a means of getting her African American reader to see themselves differently and as a means of breaking the white stereotype about African Americans.
You may write me down in history With your bitter, twisted lies, You may trod me in the very dirt But still, like dust, I'll rise. Does my sassiness upset you? Why are you beset with gloom? 'Cause I walk like I've got oil wells Pumping in my living room. Just like moons and like suns, With the certainty of tides, Just like hopes springing high, Still I'll rise. Did you want to see me broken? Bowed head and lowered eyes? Shoulders falling down like teardrops. Weakened by my soulful cries. Does my haughtiness offend you? Don't you take it awful hard 'Cause I laugh like I've got gold mines Diggin' in my own back yard.
You may shoot me with your words, You may cut me with your eyes, You may kill me with your hatefulness, But still, like air, I'll rise. Does my sexiness upset you? Does it come as a surprise That I dance like I've got diamonds At the meeting of my thighs? Out of the huts of history's shame I rise Up from a past that's rooted in pain I rise I'm a black ocean, leaping and wide, Welling and swelling I bear in the tide. Leaving behind nights of terror and fear I rise Into a daybreak that's wondrously clear I rise Bringing the gifts that my ancestors gave, I am the dream and the hope of the slave. I rise I rise I rise.
What similarities or differences do we see between Angelou¶s poem and µA Negro Speaks of Rivers¶. Consider: - Style of imagery - Use of language techniques - Overall purpose - Attitude towards the reader - Narrative point of view - Attitude towards the past/future
This action might not be possible to undo. Are you sure you want to continue?
We've moved you to where you read on your other device.
Get the full title to continue listening from where you left off, or restart the preview.