19141914-1918

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World War 1
review

Causes of the War

1. The Alliance System Triple Entente: Entente: Triple Alliance: Alliance: .

Two Armed Camps! Allied Powers: Powers: Central Powers: Powers: .

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It. Rus. A-H. 1870 94 1880 130 1890 154 1900 268 1910 289 1914 398 1910-1914 Increase in Defense Expenditures France Britain Russia Germany 10% 13% 39% 73% army and military forces are given a high profile (importance) by the government ...2. Fr. Br... Militarism & Arms Race Total Defense Expenditures for the Great Powers [Ger.] Ain millions of £s.

3. Imperialism policy of extending your rule over foreign countries .

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4. Aggressive Nationalism being a strong supporter of the rights and interests of one's country .

1914 .The Balkans.

The Assassination of Archduke Franz Ferdinand Sarajevo .

Who·s To Blame? .

A TOTAL War .

Munitions Workers .

French Factory Workers .

German Women Factory Workers .

S.U.A Joins the Allies .

The Sinking of the Lusitania .

The Zimmerman Telegram .

AFTER WORLD WAR 1 .

TREATY OF VERSAILLE S .

Versailles Discussion .

The ´BIG FOURµ .

Seas should be free in both peace and war Free Trade .The Italian border should be readjusted according to nationality National Self -Determination .All countries should reduce their armed forces to the lowest possible levels Colonies . be given their independence.Should be evacuated and Serbia should have an outlet to the sea Turkey .Russia should be allowed to operate whatever government it wanted and that government should be accepted.People in European colonies should have a say in their future Russia . France .An assembly of all nations should be formed to protect world peace in the future .The people of Turkey should have a say in their future Poland .The barriers to trade between countries such as custom duties should be removed Multilateral Disarmament .Belgium should be evacuated and restored to the situation before the war.should have Alsace-Lorraine and any lands taken away during the war restored. wherever possible. Belgium . League of Nations . Montenegro and Serbia .Woodrow·s 14 point Plan Open Diplomacy .Poland should become an independent state with an outlet to the sea. Italy .The national groups in Europe should. supported and welcomed. Romania.There should be no secret treaties between powers Freedom of Navigation .

000 square kilometers of land to the ALLIES)  Anschluss .was to be reduced to 100. Alsace-Lorraine was returned to France. The figure of £6. Land was also taken from Germany and given to Czechoslovakia and Poland.Germany was not allowed to unite with Austria.Germany was only allowed 6 ships and no submarines Airforce .600 million was set some time after the signing of the treaty.Terms of the Treaty of Versailles General Clauses  The establishment of the League of Nations War Guilt clause . Military Clauses  Army . The League of Nations took control of Germany's colonies . Financial Clauses  Reparations .Germany was not allowed an airforce Territorial Clauses (70. Land .Germany was to pay for the damage caused by the war. North Schleswig was given to Denmark. Eupen and Malmedy were given to Belgium.Germany lost land to a number of other countries.000 men and no tanks were allowed Navy .Germany to accept blame for starting the war.

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German government officials were forced to sign the Treaty of Versailles The German government did not want to sign the treaty because it was so harsh They hated the fact that they had no say in the Treaty negotiations .

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