Flow of Presentation 

of layout  Type of Harbour  Classification of Harbour  Port Term  Site Selection of Port  Feature of a port  Port Planning  Cargo Handling  Hinterland Connectivity Feature

ingenuity and experience are so important as in the laying out of a port .Definition of layout  Which guide us about location and the way of arrangement different thing is called layout  There are no specified rules governing the layout of port  There is no branch of engineering conception .

Type of Harbour Natural Harbour b) semi-natural Harbour semic) Artificial Harbour a) .

e. rocky outcrops or island is called Natural harbour. Vishakhapatnam .Type of Harbour  Natural Harbour:Harbour:It is protected from storm and waves by the natural land contours .g. and London  SemiSemi-natural Harbour ::It is protected on sides by headlands and requires man-made manprotection only at entrance. e. New York . harbour.Kandla. san Francisco.g. Mumbai .

Madras. or it created by dredging. dredging.g. e. Hamburg. Paradip and Mangalore. created by protective breakwater at the entrance and dredging out the harbour . Hamburg.Type of Harbour  Artificial Harbour ::Manmade harbour is protected from storm and waves by breakwater. Le Havre.

Classification of Harbour Commercial Harbour b) Military Harbour c) Harbour of Refuge a) .

Docks and berth are provided for the purpose of handling cargo. viraval (incorporating a Fisher port) . ore port) Terminal is provided (oil terminal . kandla .Classification of Harbour  Commercial    Harbour ::-  It is in which facilities are provided for loading and unloading of cargo. Either as a part of the bigger harbour complex or independently as a unit.g. gasoline terminal) E. Single commodity harbour (coal port . okha . Madras.

g.Classification of Harbour  Military  Harbour :. Mumbai port is essentially a commercial complex with an oil terminal and general cargo berth .(Naval Base) :- It is one which is meant for the purpose of accommodating naval craft and serving as supply depot .but it has a naval base . E. Hampton roads and Peary port.

g. sand bay on the east costal of USA Madras and Vishakhapatnam example of Harbour of refuge and commercial harbour both. .Classification of Harbour  Harbour of     refuge:refuge:- It is that which is used as a haven ships in a storm or it may be a part of a commercial harbor. The requirement of such a harbour are good anchorage and a easy and safe access from the sea . e.

PORT TERM  PORT  a) b) c) d) e) f) TERM ::- Associated with the nature of port and working of port certain terminology Ocean port Inland port River port Free port Marine terminal OffOff-shore mooring .

London Inland port:port: The word inland port is a self. But now with extensive dredging port located long distance up the river or on lakes . oceanSuch a port use to be a natural or manmade port in bays . Calcutta .PORT TERM Ocean port:port:    Ocean port is a port of call for large ocean-ships.explanatory terms .it also selfcalled dry port . river mouths or a sea costal.although technically river port or lakes port are commercially ocean port e. tidal estuaries.g.

repacking etc the purpose of reshipping. Bremen .explanatory selfterms  Free port:port:   It is a port an isolated and policed area for handling of cargo. Lubeck.g. blending.PORT TERM River port:port: Similarly. the word river port is a self. without the intervention of customs. The idea is to save a lot of bother and waste of time in formalities and encourage duty-free movement for export dutyE. manufacture. Singapore. Hong Kong.

PORT TERM  Marine  terminal:terminal:- It is port of port providing docking cargo handling and transit storage facilities .depending upon the cargo or the purpose (a) passenger terminal (b) oil terminal It is an arrangement to work a ship in deep water by providing an island structure or a single mooring buoy OffOff-shore Mooring or Terminal :: .

sub-soil and foundation condition subTransportation and communication link Seaborne traffic potential Industrial infrastructure and industrial development potential in hinterland Agriculture base of the hinterland also its mining resources Electrical energy and fresh water supplies Availability of cheapest land proximity of constructional material and labour .Site selection  1) 2) 3) 4) 5) 6) 7) 8) The guiding factor in the choice of a site for harbour are:are:Sea approach and marine condition SeaSea-bed .

rode air and telecommunication should be relatively easy The hinterland should productive enough to support the trade.Site selection    Sufficient large pool of water with adequate depth should be available to accommodate the expected sipping needs as well as to permit future expansion The marine conditions should be favorable for as well as for navigation the link with other ports of country trough rail . .

Feature of a port   1) 2) 3) 4) 5) 6) 7) 8) 9) Main function of port is to provide safe and suitable accommodation for vessel seeking refuge . repairing or transfer of a cargo and passengers In port there is a variety of element Port entrance Approach channel Turning basin Sheltered basin Breakwaters Wharves and Quays Jetties and piers Lock and locked basin Dry docks and slipways . supplier . refueling.

. carried.Port expansion planning  The port area required depending on the number and the size of ship to be accommodated at once time in the port .  It also depend on the lengths and width needed for movement of ships at any form berths and the type of cargo being carried.

Bulk cargo 3. Container cargo .Cargo Handling Port are mainly handling three type of cargo 1. General cargo 2.

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