· Jerome DuvId SuIInger wus born In New York CILv In 1¤1¤.

TIe son oI u weuILIv cIeese ImporLer, SuIInger
grew up In u IusIIonubIe neIgIbourIood In MunIuLLun und spenL IIs vouLI beIng sIuLLIed beLween vurIous
prep scIooIs beIore IIs purenLs IInuIIv seLLIed on LIe VuIIev ¡orge MIIILurv Acudemv In 1¤¤q.
· Munv evenLs Irom SuIInger`s eurIv IIIe uppeur In The Cctcher in the Rue. ¡or InsLunce, HoIden CuuIIIeId
moves Irom prep scIooI Lo prep scIooI, Is LIreuLened wILI mIIILurv scIooI, und knows un oIder CoIumbIu
sLudenL. ¡n LIe noveI, sucI uuLobIogrupIIcuI deLuIIs ure LrunspIunLed InLo u posL-WorId Wur ¡¡ seLLIng. The
Cctcher in the Rue wus pubIIsIed uL u LIme wIen LIe burgeonIng AmerIcun IndusLrIuI economv mude LIe
nuLIon prosperous und enLrencIed socIuI ruIes served us u code oI conIormILv Ior LIe vounger generuLIon.
Becuuse SuIInger used sIung und proIunILv In IIs LexL und becuuse Ie dIscussed udoIescenL sexuuIILv In u
compIex und open wuv, munv reuders were oIIended, und The Cctcher in the Rue provoked greuL
conLroversv upon ILs reIeuse. Some crILIcs urgued LIuL LIe book wus noL serIous IILeruLure, cILIng ILs cusuuI
und InIormuI Lone us evIdence. TIe book wus-und conLInues Lo be-bunned In some communILIes, und IL
consequenLIv Ius been LIrown InLo LIe cenLre oI debuLes ubouL ¡IrsL AmendmenL rIgILs, censorsIIp, und
obscenILv In IILeruLure.
· TIougI conLroversIuI, LIe noveI uppeuIed Lo u greuL number oI peopIe. ¡L wus u IugeIv popuIur besLseIIer
und generuI crILIcuI success. SuIInger`s wrILIng seemed Lo Lup InLo LIe emoLIons oI reuders In un
unprecedenLed wuv. As counLercuILuruI revoIL begun Lo grow durIng LIe 1¤=os und 1¤6os, The Cctcher in
the Rue wus IrequenLIv reud us u LuIe oI un IndIvIduuI`s uIIenuLIon wILIIn u IeurLIess worId. HoIden seemed
Lo sLund Ior voung peopIe evervwIere, wIo IeIL LIemseIves beseL on uII sIdes bv pressures Lo grow up und
IIve LIeIr IIves uccordIng Lo LIe ruIes, Lo dIsenguge Irom meunIngIuI Iumun connecLIon, und Lo resLrIcL LIeIr
own personuIILIes und conIorm Lo u bIund cuILuruI norm. Munv reuders suw HoIden CuuIIIeId us u svmboI
oI pure, unIeLLered IndIvIduuIILv In LIe Iuce oI cuILuruI oppressIon
· SuperIIcIuIILv - ¨One oI LIe bIggesL reusons ¡ IeIL EIkLon HIIIs wus becuuse
¡ wus surrounded bv pIonIes.¨
· TIe Ideu LIuL weuILI doesn`L brIng vou IuppIness - ¨TIe more expensIve u scIooI
- LIe more crooks.¨
· PursuIL oI IdenLILv - ¨¡`m LIe onIv dumb one In mv IumIIv¨ TIIs pursuIL muv be
sIown In Iow Ie seems IndecIsIve und seurcIes New York CILv Ior peopIe Irom IIs
pusL und pIuces Lo go. AImosL u journev oI dIscoverv. Seems cIIIdIIke und
vuInerubIe us Ie usks wIere LIe ducks go In wInLer, sIows IIs Ignorunce.
· TruLI beIInd LIe exLerIor oI udoIescenLs- ¨Sex Is someLIIng ¡ jusL don`L
undersLund. ¡ sweur Lo God ¡ don`L.¨ (somewIuL vuInerubIe, IIvIng up Lo
expecLuLIons oI ¨MonsIeur BIuncIurd¨ eLc?)
· SeII- ConIessIon - ¨¡`m un exIIbILIonIsL¨, ¨¡`m quILe u nervous guv¨ und ¨¡`m LIe
mosL LerrIIIc IIur¨ He seems Lo uIso be unuIvses IImseII us Ie unuIvses peopIe
LIrougIouL LIe noveI.
· HomosexuuIILv - TIe Ideu LIuL peopIe ure beIng sLIIIed becuuse oI LIe LImes
und LIus muskIng LIeIr Lrue seIves. AckIev und IIs obsessIon wILI SLrudIuLer us
weII us LIe mun CuuIIIeId sees uL LIe IoLeI puLLIng on ¨brus und sLockIngs¨. UsIng
IoLeI us uImosL u pIuce oI suncLuurv.
· PuzzIe oI Sex - ¨¡ IIgured II sIe wus u prosLILuLe und uII ¡ couId geL In some
prucLIce¨, ¨You never know wIeLIer LIev reuIIv wunL vou Lo sLop or wIeLIer
LIev`re jusL scured us IeII.Anvwuv ¡ keep sLoppIng¨ und ¨¡I vou reuIIv wunL Lo
know LIe LruLI, wIen ¡`m IorsIng uround wILI u gIrI ¡ Iuve u IeIIuvu IoL oI
LroubIe jusL IIndIng wIuL ¡`m IookIng Ior¨
· ¨CuLcIer In LIe Rve¨ - A person wIo cuLcIes smuII cIIIdren beIore LIev IuII oI u
cIIII (InLo puberLv, IreeIuII oI emoLIon und IdenLILv? DeuLI - IIs broLIer?
TIrougIouL LIe noveI Ie seems Lo be seII conIessIng personuI deLuIIs oI
IImseII Lo someone wIom Is never menLIoned und LIus couId be LIe
reuder or u sepuruLe cIurucLer. He Is wrILIng Irom u resL Iome wIere Ie
Ius suIIered menLuI IIIness (¡¡NK: B¡ANCHE!) TIereIore, LIe Iorm oI LIe
noveI Is urguubIe buL couId be InLerpreLed us;
· A dIurv - ¡L`s verv personuI ¨¡I vou wunL Lo know LIe LruLI, ¡`m u vIrgIn¨
und CuuIIIeId Is wrILIng reLrospecLIveIv us II IookIng buck.
· A IeLLer - ¨¡I vou reuIIv wunL Lo Ieur ubouL IL¨
· A conIessIon - TIrougIouL LIere ure verv personuI sLuLemenLs und Ie
seems Lo be LrvIng Lo persuude LIe reuder Lo see LIIngs Irom IIs poInL oI
vIew.
·CuuIIIeId - He Is uncomIorLubIe wILI IIs own weuknesses, und uL LImes dIspIuvs
us mucI pIonIness, meunness, und superIIcIuIILv us unvone eIse In LIe book. As
LIe noveI opens, HoIden sLunds poIsed on LIe cIIII sepuruLIng cIIIdIood Irom
uduILIood. HIs InubIIILv Lo successIuIIv negoLIuLe LIe cIusm Ieuves IIm on LIe
verge oI emoLIonuI coIIupse. A ¨cuuI¨ Is u membrune LIuL covers LIe Ieud oI u
IoeLus durIng bIrLI - muv svmboIIze IIs bIIndness oI LIe uduIL worId?
W AckIev - AckIev Is presenLed us ¨u verv nosev busLurd¨ uIwuvs uppeurIng und
quesLIonIng LIIngs. AILIougI Ie cIuIms Lo IuLe SLrudIuLer ¨¡ cun`L sLund LIuL
sonuvubILcI¨ IL Is ImpIIed LIuL Ie muv Iuve deeper IeeIIngs Ior IIm und Is mereIv
coverIng LIem up due Lo boLI LIe vIews oI LIe LIme und IIs cuLIoIIc reIIgIon,
¨AIwuvs keepIng Lubs on wIo SLrudIuLer Is duLIng¨. WIIIsL LIe nurruLor CuuIIIeId Is
noL even uwure oI LIIs LIe reuder cun see LIuL AckIev Is obsessed.
· SLrudIuLer - SLrudIuLer Is porLruved us u LvpIcuIIv uLLrucLIve womunIser, ¨u verv
sexv busLurd¨ wIo Is ubIe Lo geL uwuv wILI IIs ucLIons becuuse oI IIs ¨LecInIque¨
und Iundsomeness, ¨LIe kInd oI u Iundsome guv LIuL II vour purenLs suw IIs
pIcLure In vour veurbook LIev`d suv rIgIL uwuv, ¨WIo`s this bov?¨
· Mr Spencer - Mr Spencer Is one oI LIe onIv peopIe CuuIIIeId Ius respecL Ior
und LIIs respecLs seems Lo come Irom LIe IucL LIuL uILIougI Ie Isn`L weuILIv Ie
geLs ¨u bIg bung¨ Irom LIe smuII LIIngs In IIIe. He uIso IeL CuuIIIeId see IIm Ior
wIuL Ie wus und wILIouL IIdIng IL, ¨HIs door wus open, buL ¡ sorL oI knocked
unvwuv¨.
· Jeun GuIIugIer - CuuIIIeId descrIbes Jeun us u ¨duncer¨ wILI u ¨Iousv
cIIIdIood¨. TIe quoLuLIon ¨Ask Ier II sIe sLIII keeps uII Ier kIngs on LIe buck
row¨ ImpIIes LIuL sIe used Lo seek proLecLIon (possIbIv Irom Ier ¨booze Iound¨
sLepIuLIer). Jeun cun uIso be porLruved us CuuIIIeId`s IIrsL expIoruLIon oI Iove us
Ie sLuLes ¨You never even worrIed wIeLIer vour Iund wus sweuLv |wILI Jeun| or
noL. AII vou knew wus vou were Iuppv¨ He Is uIso overwIeImed wILI LIe IeeIIng
Ie geLs Irom SLrudIuLer duLIng Ier ¨Drove me sLurk ruvIng mud¨.
· PIoebe - PIoebe Is InLeIIIgenL, neuL, und u wonderIuI duncer, IIke Jeun, und Ier
cIIIdIsI Innocence Is one oI HoIden`s onIv consIsLenL sources oI IuppIness
LIrougIouL LIe noveI. AL LImes, sIe exIIbILs greuL muLurILv und even cIusLIses
HoIden Ior IIs ImmuLurILv. Her crILIcIsm oI IIm sIows u dIIIerenL perspecLIve Lo
LIe noveI und muv ucL us u surroguLe Ior LIe reuder.
· TIe ducks - ¨TIeIr mvsLerIous perseverunce In LIe Iuce oI un InIospILubIe
envIronmenL resonuLes wILI HoIden`s undersLundIng oI IIs own sILuuLIon.
¡n uddILIon, LIe ducks prove LIuL some vunIsIIngs ure onIv Lemporurv.
TruumuLIzed und mude ucuLeIv uwure oI LIe IrugIIILv oI IIIe bv IIs broLIer
AIIIe`s deuLI, HoIden Is LerrIIIed bv LIe Ideu oI cIunge und dIsuppeurunce.
TIe ducks vunIsI everv wInLer, buL LIev reLurn everv sprIng, LIus
svmboIIzIng cIunge LIuL Isn`L permunenL, buL cvcIIcuI. ¡InuIIv, LIe pond
ILseII becomes u mInor meLupIor Ior LIe worId us HoIden sees IL, becuuse IL
Is ¨purLIv Irozen und purLIv noL Irozen.¨ TIe pond Is In LrunsILIon beLween
Lwo sLuLes, jusL us HoIden Is In LrunsILIon beLween cIIIdIood und
uduILIood¨
·¨¡IIe Is u gume, bov. ¡IIe Is u gume LIuL one pIuvs uccordIng Lo LIe ruIes.¨ - Mr
Spencer
·TIIs Is u peopIe sIooLIng IuL,¨ ¡ suId. ¨¡ sIooL peopIe In LIIs IuL.¨ - CuuIIIeId
·¨TIe besL LIIng, LIougI, In LIuL museum wus LIuL evervLIIng uIwuvs sLuved rIgIL
wIere IL wus. Nobodv`d move. . . . Nobodv`d be dIIIerenL. TIe onIv LIIng LIuL
wouId be dIIIerenL wouId be vou.¨- CuuIIIeId
·¨¡`m sLundIng on LIe edge oI some cruzv cIIII. WIuL ¡ Iuve Lo do, ¡ Iuve Lo cuLcI
evervbodv II LIev sLurL Lo go over LIe cIIII-¡ meun II LIev`re runnIng und LIev don`L
Iook wIere LIev`re goIng ¡ Iuve Lo come ouL Irom somewIere und cuLcI LIem.
TIuL`s uII ¡`d do uII duv. ¡`d jusL be LIe cuLcIer In LIe rve und uII.¨- CuuIIIeId

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