Job analysis is the process of determining and recording all the pertinent information about a specified job.

Key Responsibility Area (KRA)

Job Task (Distinct work activity)

Job Analysis

Job duties (No of tasks)

Job Responsibility

Job Analysis: It is a procedure by which pertinent information is obtained about a job. Job Description: It is a written record of the duties, responsibilities and requirements of a particular job. Like Title, location, working hours, duties etc. Job Specification: it is a written record of the requirements sought in an individual worker for a given job. Like Qualities««««««.. Job Design: Process of structuring work and designating the specific activities at individual or group levels. It is the division of the total task to be performed into the manageable and efficient units. It is the process of deciding the content of job in terms of its duties and responsibilities.

White.Duty: It means a related sequence of tasks Job Family: It implies jobs of a similar nature Job Classification: It means grouping of jobs into certain categories on some specified basis. Blue«««««««. . Eg.

Mental efforts required Visual attention required Responsibility Discomforts Hazards Supervision required .` ` ` ` ` ` ` ` ` ` ` ` ` ` ` Job Title Work performed Equipment used Tools used Materials used Reports and Records Relation of the job with other job Education required Experience required Physical.

the methods and equipment used and the skills and attitudes required for successful performance of the job. Performance Appraisal 7. Job Evaluation 10. Uses of Job Analysis: 1. Health and Safety. Recruitment and Selection 4. Training and Development 6. Job Design 9. Organizational Design 2. 13. HR Planning 3. Placement and Orientation 5.Job analysis is the process of determining by observation and study the tasks. Lobour Relation 11. Career Path Planning 8. Employee Counselling 12. which comprise the job. Succession Planning .

It also helps in determining quality of human resources needed in an organization. .` Human resource planning: Job analysis helps in forecasting human resource requirements in terms of knowledge and skills. By showing lateral and vertical relationships between jobs. it facilitates the formulation of a systematic promotion and transfer policy.

or keep the account books. it is not possible to select a right person. run a cash register. Selection: Without a proper understanding of what is to be done on a job.` Recruitment: Job analysis is used to find out how and when to hire people for future job openings. If a Super bazaar manager has not clearly identified what a clerk is to do. ` . An understanding of the skills needed and the positions that are vacant in future helps managers to plan and hire people in a systematic way. it is difficult to find if the person selected must be able to position stores items.

we have to clearly define the job. To teach a new employee how to handle a job. If we are not sure about what needs to be done on a job. . we have to place them on jobs best suited to their interests. activities and aptitude. Similarly. effective job orientation cannot be achieved without a proper understanding of the needs of each job. it is not possible to identify the right person suited for the job.` Placement and orientation: After selecting people.

employees can better appreciate their career options when they understand the specific needs of various other jobs. proper training efforts cannot be initiated. ` .` Training: If there is any confusion about what the job is and what is supposed to be done. Whether or not a current or potential job holder requires additional training can be determined only after the specific needs of the jobs have been identified through a job analysis. Likewise. Job analysis can point out areas that an employee might need to develop to further a career. Counselling : Managers can properly counsel employees about their careers when they understand the different jobs in the organization.

By studying how the various operations are taken up in a job. Ultimately. every organization has to pay a fair remuneration to people based on their performance. the worth of that person can be assessed. Performance appraisal : By comparing what an employee is supposed to be doing (based on job analysis) to what the individual has actually done. it is necessary to compare what individuals should do (as per performance standards) with what they have actually done (as per job analysis . This helps in rectifying things easily.` ` Employee safety : A thorough job analysis reveals unsafe conditions associated with a job. managers can find unsafe practices. To achieve this.

Job evaluation : Job analysis helps in finding the relative worth of a job. In short. etc. based on criteria such as degree of difficulty. with internal pay equity between jobs.` ` Job design and redesign: Once the jobs are understood properly. it is easy to locate weak spots and undertake remedial steps. assists in designing proper wage policies. type of work done. we can redesign jobs to match the mental make-up of employees. skills and knowledge needed. . We can eliminate unnecessary movements. This. simplify certain steps and improve the existing ones through continuous monitoring. in turn.

2. Organisational Analysis Selecting Representative jobs for Analysis Understand Job Design Collection of Data Developing a Job Description Developing the job Specification . 6.1. 5. 3. 4.

Job Performance 7.Observation Method 2. Individual Interview Method 3. Group Interview Method 4. Diary Method 1. Critical Incident Technique (CIT) (On the job Behaviour)-Suitable for middle and top post 8. . Technical Experts/Conference Method 6. Questionnaire Method 5. Position Analysis Questionnaire (PAQ) Job differ from one another by means of * Decision Making/Communication/Social Responsibility * Performing Skilled Activities * Physical/Related Environment Conditions * Equipments * Information 9.

Job Relationship.Job Identification-Title & Code Significant Characteristics of a job-Location. jurisdiction What the typical worker does? routineness What materials and equipment the worker uses How a job is performed?-Nature of operation Required personal attributes-skills«««. comfort.opportunity for advancement . Physical Settings.

task««««.. It provide both organizational and Functional Information.It¶s a written record of the appropriate and authorized contents of a job. what is to be done? How it is to be done Why to do? Contents of job Description: Job Identification Job Summary-activities. Job Responsibility Working Conditions Social Environment Equipments Supervision Relation to other Jobs . It Specify.

Judgment. creativity . ‡ Physical specifications ‡ Mental specifications ‡ Emotional specifications-stability. adaptability. flexibility ‡ Social specifications. lead a team interpersonal relations ‡ Behavioural Specifications-Maturity.working in team. Job specification tells what kind of a person is required for a given job. Job specification is also called as man specification.Job specification translate the job description in terms of the human qualification which are required for a successful performance of a job.

developing.Job Title: Manager.. followup««««««««« Working Conditions: 8 Hrs«««««««««.. . Job duties : Planning. Supervision.. implementation. Welfare and Social Security Code No : HR/198 Department: HR Division Job summary: Responsible for «««««««««««««. Supervision: Report to director«««««««««««. Relationships: Maintain social and official contacts with local officials««««««««««««««««.

LLB/LLM/PGDIRPM«««««««. Computer Proficiency:««««««««««««««. Fluency. Welfare and Social Security Department: HR Division Education and Training: MBA/PGDM/PGDBA/MHRM/M. Analytical skill. GK. Age: ««««««««««««. . Pleasing Manner..Position Title : Manager. Other Attributes: Good Health..COM/MSW (HRM). Experience:««««««««««.

JOB DESCRIPTION JOB SPECIFICATION Job Identification Job Summary Relation to other jobs Supervision Machines and Equipments Conditions of work Hazards Education Experience Training Initiative Physical Effort Responsibility Communication Skill Other Requirements .

2. * Gather data * Study the data * Participate in union negotiation . * Implement the progm * Communicate with employee 3. The role of the job analyst * Develop data gathering method. The role of Supervisory Mgt. The role of top Mgt. *Establish need * Delegate Authority * Establish time frame * Issue policy/rules«.1.

The union role: Support data collection negotiate with Mgt 6. The role of the consultant Advice Mgt Review of job analysis .4. The employee role: Participate in data collection participate in review committee 5.

It is a process of deciding on the contents of a job in terms of its duties and responsibilities. Job design determines the responsibility. scope of decision making and productivity. Essentials of Good job design: * Facilitates involvement and development of employees mental and physical characteristics by paying attention to Flexibility in work Rest Schedules ‡ Variety and challenge in task/job . It is structuring of work and designating the specific activities at individual or group levels. Job design is an attempt to match the job requirements with the capabilities of the job holders. authority.

Job Rotation Job Simplification JOB DESIGN Job Enlargement Job Enrichment .

*Incorporating more responsibility in the job ‡ Minimizing the controls and providing freedom of work when the employees are clearly accountable for attaining defined goals. difficult and creative tasks ‡ Assigning challenging projects ‡ Making employees directly responsible for his performance . decision making and innovating ‡ Introducing new. ‡ Allowing the employees to set their own target ‡ Encouraging employee to participate in planning.

satisfied .‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ The quality of work is primary consideration The workers themselves clearly prefer less structured and less routine jobs The organization itself is organic and encourages innovations and creativity Employees have strong higher order needs for achievements The jobs are those of professionals and higher level Lower level needs of employee are fairly well.

Ÿ Flexitime Ÿ Telecommuting Ÿ Job Sharing-Part time V/S Full time Ÿ Condensed work week 8x5=40 10x4=40 Ÿ Working from home .

After his recovery. who looted Rs. They also called for an explanation as to why the amount lost cannot be recovered from his salary and provident fund 1.Kishore is a Branch Manager of Indian bank at one of its village branches. On 30th December Mr.Kishore violated the job specification by working beyond the stipulated hours of work. Very often Mr. Kishore was left alone in the bank after 5 p. was not entitled to any compensation as the accident occurred during non-employment hours.5 lakhs after brutally wounding Mr. in their views. He.Mr. The Bank Management was of the opinion that Mr. the Branch Manager was attacked by a band of robbers. Kishore was working till past 2 a.m to tally accounts. which had to be amputated later.Kishor¶s Right hand. 2.m tallying the accounts since hardly one day is left for closing the accounts for the year. How do you justify the Bank¶s stand in this case? What modifications do you suggest in job specification to overcome such incidents in future? . the Branch Manager applied for compensation. day books and complete all other formalities. His staff included two clerks and an attender. On this fateful night.