SUBMITTED BY :Ravi bhushan Ritesh raman

They contribute to rapid fire spread However. Glass etc} 2: Through chemical treatment with FR {Flame Retardant chemicals} 3: Through modification of the polymer. . reduction of ignitability can be obtained by :1: Use of Inorganic materials {Asbestos.Textiles consist of highly ignitable materials and are the primary source of ignition.

FLAMMABILITY OF FABRICS ‡ Cotton and linen also have a high burning rate ‡ Acetate and triacetate are as flammable or slightly less flammable than cotton ‡ Nylon. severe melting and dripping occurs. polyester and acrylic tend to be slow to ignite but once ignited. ‡ Wool is comparatively flame-retardant ‡ Glass fibers and monoacrylic are almost flame-resistant .

.Flame retardant ‡ The flammability of fabric can be drastically reduced through the use of fire retardants ‡ Resistant to catching fire. ‡ Flame retardants are chemicals used in textiles and leather goods that inhibit or resist the spread of fire ‡ Fire retardant fabrics are textiles that are naturally more resistant to fire than others through chemical treatment or manufactured fireproof fibers.

Features of flame retardant chemicals ‡Suppress smoke generators ‡Will not stain most fabrics ‡Can be sprayed. rolled on or dipped ‡Non hazardous ‡Non toxic ‡Dries clear . brushed.

fire retardant chemicals cause a reaction that changes the gases and tars in the fabric to carbon char. Flame retardant fabric would eventually burn if exposed to flame long enough. Slowing the rate of burning however.How Do Chemicals Work? When exposed to flame. is a big advantage during a fire .

ignition of flame spread. decomposition. it must become a gas. The mixture ignites. If the temperature of the source is high enough and the net rate of heat transfer to the fabric is great. yielding a flame.Function of a Flame Retardant: They interfere with combustion at various stages of the process e. . The combustible gases mix with the ambient air and its oxygen. during heating. As with any solid.pyrolytic decomposition of the fiber substrate will occur. when its composition and temperature are favorable. Part of the heat generated within the flame is transferred to the fabric to sustain the burning process and part is lost to the surroundings. For a substance to burn. a textile fabric exposed to a heat source experiences a temperature rise.g. Fire is gas phase reaction.

The drapery can be laundered or drycleaned as recommended by the drapery manufacturer ‡ Non ±durable fire retardant. particularly with repeated cleaning. the flame retardancy will last for the life of the fabric. These fabrics must be dry-cleaned with a non-liquid cleaning agent. that have been topically treated with chemicals. or durably fire retardant.Durability of flame retardant ‡ permanently fire retardant. the flame retardancy of topically treated fabric is certified for one year . ‡ Typically. the flame retardancy of the fabric will dissipate over time.

APPLICATION Kevlar vest Fire fighter dress .

Space traveller dress Kids wear .