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Parkinson·s Disease And Huntington·s Disease

.Parkinson¶s Disease ‡ Parkinson's disease is the second most common neurodegenerative disorder and the most common movement disorder. ‡ occurs when the nerve cells in the brain that make dopamine are slowly destroyed. ‡ Parkinson's disease most often develops after age 50.

.Parkinson¶s Disease ‡ The term "parkinsonism" refers to any condition that involves the types of movement changes seen in Parkinson's disease. Parkinsonism may be caused by other disorders (such as secondary parkinsonism) or certain medications.

. one of the movement control centers of the brain.Causes ‡ The immediate cause of Parkinson's disease is degeneration of brain cells in the area known as the substantia nigra.

Symptoms ‡ Automatic movements (such as blinking) slow or stop ‡ Constipation ‡ Difficulty swallowing ‡ Drooling ‡ Impaired balance and walking ‡ Lack of expression in the face (mask-like appearance) ‡ Muscle aches and pains ‡ Movement problems .

often beginning in the legs ‡ Shaking. tremors .Symptoms ‡ Rigid or stiff muscles.

Treatment ‡ There is no known cure for Parkinson's disease. The goal of treatment is to control symptoms. .

Huntington¶s Disease ‡ Huntington's disease is a disorder passed down through families in which certain nerve cells in the brain waste away. . or degenerate.

exactly how the mutation results in the death of nerve cells is not fully understood. the substantia nigra and the thalamus.Cause ‡ Huntington's disease causes neuron death in three parts of the brain: the striatum. . While the mutated gene coding is certainly the cause.

The goal of treatment is to slow down the course of the disease and help the person function for as long and as comfortably s possible. .Treatment ‡ There is no cure for Huntington's disease. and there is no known way to stop the disease from getting worse.

Treatment ‡ Medications vary depending on the symptoms. There has been some evidence to suggest that co-enzyme Q10 may also help slow down the course of the disease. Drugs such as haloperidol. and amantadine are used to try to control extra movements. Dopamine blockers may help reduce abnormal behaviors and movements. tetrabenazine. .

and can include: ‡ Antisocial behaviors ‡ Hallucinations ‡ Irritability ‡ Moodiness ‡ Restlessness or fidgeting ‡ Paranoia ‡ Psychosis .Symptoms Behavior changes may occur before movement problems.

Abnormal and unusual movements include: ‡ Head turning to shift eye position ‡ Facial movements. sometimes wild jerking movements of the arms. legs. face. and other body parts ‡ Unsteady gait . uncontrolled movements ‡ Quick. sudden. including grimaces ‡ Slow.

including: ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ Loss of memory Loss of judgment Speech changes Personality changes ‡ Disorientation or confusion .Dementia that slowly gets worse.

stress. and tension ‡ Difficulty swallowing ‡ Speech impairment .Additional symptoms that may be associated with this disease: ‡ Anxiety.

Symptoms in children: ‡ Rigidity ‡ Slow movements ‡ Tremor .