Introduction

The Irish Road Network is classified as a system of National, Regional and County Roads. (92,300km.) National Primary Routes: (2,700km. Carrying 20% of total traffic.) Designated (N or M, 1 50) Long distance through routes, including those from major points of entry; Heavy traffic volumes > 1,000 vehicles per day; Serving as connectors between principal cities and large towns; Serving major geographical regions; Having continuity throughout their length; Serving in aggregate a higher proportion of the population.

E30 Cork-Waterford-Rosslare-Fishgard-London-Felixtowe-Hook of Holland-Warsaw-Moscow.) Designated (N or M. Regional Roads: (6.Introduction National Secondary Routes: (2. Linking the National Primary Routes.) These serve as the main feeders or connectors to the National Primary Routes Euroroutes: E01 Larne-Belfast-Dublin-Rosslare-La Coruna-Lisbon-Seville. E20 Shannon-Limerick-Portlaoise-Naas-Dublin-Liverpool-Hull-EsjerbCopenhagen-Malmo-Saint Petersburg. Forming extensions to the National Primary Routes. .700km. Serving medium to large geographical regions. Carrying 18% of total traffic. 51 100) Medium length through and semi through routes.000km. Carrying medium to heavy traffic volumes > 700 vehicles per day. Serving as connectors between principle towns.

or arranging for the preparation of road designs. securing the carrying out of construction. effective or economical to do so) to carry out such functions directly. Historically. Toll charges may be used to repay all or part of the private funding involved. The NRA may also enter into an agreement with another person whereby that person agrees. the NRA has discharged these functions through the relevant local road authorities. In addition. and training. application for a bridge order. . maintenance programmes and schemes for the provision of traffic signs on national roads. as amended by the Planning and Development Act. The NRA may give specific directions to local road authorities relating to a number of matters.Introduction National Roads Authority The NRA's primary function is to secure the provision of a safe and efficient network of national roads . to pay some or all of the costs of the construction and/or maintenance of the road and/or to upgrade and manage the road. allocating and paying grants for national roads. it is empowered (where it considers it would be more convenient. research or testing activities in relation to any of its functions. acquiring land by compulsory purchaser order. and entering into contracts for and/or undertaking specified construction or maintenance works. including: preparing. expeditious. the NRA has a number of specific functions under the Act. 2000. preparing an Environmental Impact Statement (EIS). including making a motorway scheme. inter alia. It has overall responsibility for the planning and supervision of construction and maintenance of national roads. Section 57 of the Act. However. The NRA has a general power to direct the road authority to do any other thing which arises out of or is consequential on or is necessary or expedient for the purposes of or would facilitate the construction or maintenance of a national road . improvement and maintenance works on national roads. allows the NRA to prepare a scheme for the establishment of a system of tolls in respect of the use of a public road.

Introduction .

Roads Programmes Policy and Planning Framework for Roads January 1985 .

Roads Programmes Policy and Planning Framework for Roads January 1985 .

Roads Programmes Ireland Road Development 1989 to 1993 .

Roads Programmes Ireland Road Development 1989 to 1993 .

Roads Programmes Ireland Road Development 1989 to 1993 .

Roads Programmes A Platform for Change Strategy 2000-2016 (DTO) .

Galway. This will connect the National Spatial Strategy s (NSS). Limerick and Waterford. Limerick and Waterford by the end of 2010. announced by Government in November 2005. and Gorey on the N11. National Secondary Roads Targeted improvements will also be undertaken on a number of national secondary routes which are of particular importance for regional development. These routes include: the N52 from Dundalk to Nenagh and the N80 from Moate to Enniscorthy. the N59 coastal route from Sligo via Westport to Galway. sets out a comprehensive development programme for the network of national roads over the period 2006 to 2015. both of which are key cross country linking corridors identified in the National Spatial Strategy (NSS) 2002 .5 billion. N4 and N5. The funding available to the Authority over the ten years is in the order of 16.2020. and the N81 to Blessington in Wicklow. the N67 and N68 along the Clare coast. the N70. the N25 to Rosslare and the N30 Enniscorthy to New Ross route.Roads Programmes Transport 21. Develop the Atlantic Road Corridor from Letterkenny to Sligo. Galway. N3. the N24 from Limerick to Waterford. Complete the development of dual carriageways to Ashbourne on the N2. N71 and N86 coastal and peninsular routes in Cork and Kerry. the N56 Donegal Coastal Route. 2002-2020 Gateway Cities. The national road development strategy includes the following: National Primary Roads Complete the development of the five major interurban motorways. 2006-2015 Transport 21. the N69 along the Shannon Estuary from Limerick to Tralee. Improve other key national primary routes including the N21 from Limerick to Tralee. the N22 from Killarney to Cork. linking Dublin with Belfast. Improve strategic national roads links with Northern Ireland and to the west and northwest by upgrading the N2. . Cork. Kells on the N3.

verges.g. street lighting Construction activity Preliminaries. Site clearance and accommodation works Earthworks Drainage Carriageway works Bridges Footpaths. Service alterations % cost 2 to 6 2 to 12 15 to 30 10 to 15 25 to 40 0 to 20 2 to 5 2 to 15 . signs etc. tool-booth manning.Introduction COST OF HIGHWAYS Initial costs:  Investigation. design and supervision  Land acquisition  Construction Long-term costs:  Maintenance  Operation e. miscellaneous etc.

Introduction Project time scales From inception to award of contract Very small 3 to 9 months Small/medium 1 to 2 years Medium/large 2 or 3 years Very large 4 or more years .

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